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Full text of "Alleged Communists In State Dept HQ 5"

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%&, I960 



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Honor*blo 3«th « # Rtchar<Uon 

QhAimn. 

loj^ty' Bo*U* Boo** 

UniUd Stotoo tti*tt Swrioo eaadMion 

iMfebtftap 26, 0, «; 

Soar 8irt 

Ihli will o«ta ow ioa g o your UUor of toy 4, i$s©, 
rogftrtiaf 2oy*lty tav«ft^tto&« aad report* ooaoorniog porooofi 
idontifiod bof or* tho fydlago ftzboowittoo* ' 

Sinoo tbe quootioo* rtiood la your oowuaication 
inrolvo atttoro of polloy whioh nuot bo puood upon by tho J 
Dojmrtaont of ^etioo, I «a ref orrins your lotw to Mr, Foyita 
Ford, fho Assistant to tho 4ttoraoy Oon«r*l, for eonsidoratiojv 
and roply* t 



Tory truly yours, 

John Mgar Hoow 
Birootor 




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Mr. Foytoa Ford 

B»o iMittonfe to tho Attorney toneiwl 

Director* FBI 

LoiiLTi or ootsb*ot BMPborau 



May 6, 1860 




3>^£ 



Attaahad ere eopiea of * letter dated Bay 4', I960, addreoiad to the 
Bureau by Kr. Bath «• Richardson, Q*iraaa of tha loyalty Beriee Board, witk 
further refarenae to ouot mentioned before tho fy&iage Subcommittee turn being 
rerieeod by the Beenlo 



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■ Yea «iH note that Mr* BLahardeaa Unto twenty-one oeeea and raquaata 
tha Bureau to adalaa Ma •uhether or not any and all iavaetlgatlre reporta 
^ and pertinent iafersetlon seeured under authority af any Statute, Sreeutire 
5 (Jrdor or any etfeffr authority *hatooe*a^i|J*^ of tha above listed 
peases aad relotaot to questions of loyalty, has bastt furnished to tha Loyalty 
; Boris* Boart** Iha toenty-one 9*9** Uatad ara idaatioal to thoaa llatad in 
a slailar lattar received by tha Bepartaaot f torn Mr. Riofcardton. 



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^ III discussing tha lattar received by tha Bepertasnt laat evening 
Y with an of f icial af tha Bureau yaa requested that a* review tha individual 



..oases llatad aad advise you ehethsr tha aaaaa aara espionage investigations, 
x ehathar thay were tauter active investigation at tha present time and tha nature 

of the investigation conducted to eeeb aaaa in ordar that you night dtaouaa 

tha Safetar furthar slth Mr* Deesoa aad Mr. Richardson* 



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ClOgg. 



Nichola 



In nine of tha aaaaa llatad in tha attsahad letoer frcna Mr* Riohsrdton 
va hava alraady furnished tha Board atth material and reports ahara available 
and not alraady la tha possession of tha CItII Servloe Gcmisslon because tho 
nina individuals in question, speoifically, Victor!. Hunt, Joceph f* JankowsJd, 
llrs. Prosten Eeaellng Loals, Prad Kumar Baal, Borasn f* W*u, Ishaa Willia* 
Parkins, Bdaard George Fomiek, Hex Abraham Volin and Selaae Yefcaa, have haan 
subjects of investigation or inquiry by tha Bureau under tha provisions of tho 
loyalty Ordar or Public Ue 402, 80th Congress, since the effective date of 
Executive Order 08B5* Copies of tha letter* directed .to tha Board eoncogaing 
thaaa nina individual aaaaa have previously bom furnished to yea* g "'""5 

With reopeat to tho routining teelvc individuals Hat* *- ^ «■* 



Richardson's latter, ahioh yen will note inolude Bhry Aute Ecens$, 




and Robert Talbott Killer, 
individuals ara presently 
and nana of than hav^ 
under the provisions of 
-SCM^k Congreei (foiee of, 




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fftoorory Progroa) and tho ^toate 

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la no lndlaaticm that any af OEb&e 4s»alve 
la tha E&ceoutire Branch of thf pyjfcn&aX 
ta^of investigation or inquiry % the^Bu^au 
Hf Order or auah Publie Love ae ^bliS U» 402. 
Publio lev 412, BOth Oongraoi (iS^opeaa 
Aot, ainae toe effectire date of Sxeeutlve 



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Security > i"_ r ii^|rti^tSoilf ■' ; ^ 
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SliBJK^S Of 3P^IAL IM^JifiT TYl^ CI Ht^CH ACT IirrgSYIGA TIOgS BT FBI PIIOK :*& 



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fSo letter Addressed to the fftsrom* by E*# Hiohar&ioii iiMer d&io of 
May 4* l$SO t feast b»«n acknc;?ladf;ed, mra h» hm* b#<m ad^igod that this j»tt#r 
I* being raforred to you for connicleratlcm jtiul rsply imsnuoh && the qtro#tio&« 
raised in Ms emmmimtim to $h$ Bureau inirolTO mttora of polled to t& 
4»oid«d upaA by tto# Dqpurtmzxt* 4ppsm<£ad f or yotar information If & copy of 
the Bureau' & •tcicnowlodgernsnt to Mr* Richardson* 

W* will appreciate receiving your furthar ad^ioo to tfci* scatter *t 
yotar ftorlioat aoniraniena*« 



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TOlson. 
Lafld 



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STTAMDARD FORM NO. 64 



^ Office MenMaadum • onitei 



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TO. 



FROM 



SUBJECT: 



DIRECTOR 



ES GOVERNMENT 



date: May 8, 195?) 



D* M* Ladd 




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Peyton Ford called and stated that he had obtained 
an interpretation of the White House as to the Presidents 
statement to Senator Tydings with regard to making avai lable 
the State Department f s files; that the White House indicated 
that they only intend to make those files available which the 
Appropriations Committee had seen in 1949; that they are not 
making any FBI files available* t> 

Mr* Ford stated that he md Donald Dawson had 
designated to hold Senator Tydings in line on that point* 



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Tolson_ 

Ladd 

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FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVEST I GAT IO! 



Room 5744 



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Director 

Mr, Ladd 
Clegg 
Glavin 
Har"bo 
Nichols 
Rosen 
Tracy 
Belmont 
Mohr 
Carlson 
Callahan 
Nease 
Gandy 



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Mr. 
Mr. 

-Mr. 
.Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
.Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



.Mr. 

Mr. 

Miss 

Personnel File^i-Seetiorr; 

Records Section 

Mrs. Skillman 



'"«wf«wtff!rawB«o£=»*a 




Mr. bxdd 

Mr. Cleg<3 

Mr. Glcnrln 

Mr. Niciiolft 

Mr. Rosen 
Mr- Trccey — — 
Mr- HcltI^o 
Mr. Belmont 
Mr. Mota 
Tolo. Room 
Mr. 



See Me 



Send File 



For Appropriate Action 



Note and Return 



Clyde Tolson 



STANDARD FORM NO. 64 






Office Memorandum 



4 



*« 



• UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 




to : THE DIRECTOR 

from : D. M. Ladd 

SUBJECT: 



DATE: Ma V 9 * 1950 




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While talking with Peyton Ford on other matters, he 
advis t ed Mr. Nichols and Mr 9 Ladd that he was goi^g to 'assign 
Mikefateran fnom his office to' review all of the ' l 1s$ate Depart- 
ment files which the President was making available^T?o x ihe' -y.,™, 
TyaTings? Committee prior to the time that they wj&re made ^VW 
the Committee for the purpose of blocking <%ut the 
ponfidential informants or sources^hi&h should b 
Bureau reports. ij o "i: . ; .^. 

requested the Bureau to make an Ag^ht^hvaiAa 



available to 
names of any 
protected 



in 



He 



work with Mike Horah on this project, [l 



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both advised him that we could no1% do r .„this tha 





would be a t very bad procedure; that the FBI should not be *uv pa 
to reviewing the State Department 9 s files prior to the time that 
they were made available to a Senate Committee by the President. 
He then suggested that the Bureau might go through its own files 
checking the material which has been sent to the State Department 
and checking to see if there are any names which the Bureau desired 
to be'blocked ,out as undesirable for the Committee to see. 
c* ■ 

. We again pointed out that this would be impractical and 
unwise '" 



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k' It was suggested that in the event Mike Horai yz^going 
to make this review that at the time he is reviewing the^reports 
that if We has any questions about any particular reports, that 
he then contact -the Bureau. 



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cc - Mr. Nichols 
Mr. Belmont 



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= 93 MAY 17/950 



34 



WDFXED - 93 




STANDA&9 FORM NO. 64 



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Office NLemomndum • united states government 



to : D* M. Lad 

from : E* H* Winterrow 

J SUBJECT: 




Hj 



LOYALTY OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES - 
STATE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES 



date: May 9, 195L0 

'■;■/■■ 



Tolson. 
Laad__ 
Clegs 



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'$£&?* 



On May 9, 1950, when the writer talked to 
Mr. Peyton Ford concerning clarification of his penned 
notation on a memorandum to him, he advised that it was 
his understanding the following course of action was be 
taken with respect to making available State Department 
files to the Tydings Committee: 

He said that with respect to ex-employees who 
in McCarthy f s list^of 81, only the material which hadb 
available ^ to 'the Appropriations Committee (either Sena 
in 194? would be made accessible to the Tydings Commitixe 




were 
een made 
or Hous 
e* 



With respect to cases decided on loyalty grounds 
either dismissal or retention, General Snow is to make 
(apparently to read) a summary of the information and 
taken* If more specific details are requested by the 
or if the veracity of the summary is qu estioned, then 
Department file will be made available. 




awi>on 
Committee 
the State 



With respect to employees against whom admin 
action is taken, Mr* Ford said it was his understanding 
Nicholson will make available a summary of information 
to the Committee* If anything is doubted or questioned 
the State Department file will be made available* 



It might be noted that Mr* Ford indicated 
scheduled to see Senator Tydings as of 2:00 or 2:30 
19o0 • 



that 
P*M 



tstrative 
Mr* Donald 
and action 
then 



ACTION: 



None* The apove is submitted for information 



he was 
May 9, 



purposes* 



MW:WMJ 




RECORDED ^ 




H 



$*•■. .JUfrlS 1950 



STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



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4 



Office NLemomnduffi • united states government 



\ 




date: May 9, 1950 



to : THE DIRECTOR 

FROM : D. M. Lddd 
SUBJECT: 



While talking with Peyton Ford on other matters, he 
exhibited to Mr. Nichols and Mr. Ladd a letter addressed to 
the Attorney General from Senator Tydings, which dealt ' 
making aval lab le by the President to the Tydings 1 Comm 
the files o/'-.th.e State Department. U 




Tela. Room 



II 



.; Senator Tydings was requesting assurance fro 
Attorney General that all loyalty reports on those 81 c 
had been sent by the FBI to the State Department in order 
the Committee might be assured that they were obtaining: not 
information from the State Department but all that which the 
FBI had: ^furnished to the State Department. (J 




Mr. Ford wanted the Bureau 
suggest how it might be answered. 



to take this letter and to 



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We pointed out to Mr. Ford that under the provisions 
set up in the Loyalty Program, the Bureau does not send reports 
direct to the employing agency but rather sends all copies to the 
Civil Service Commission, who inturn transmit the reports to the 
appropriate employing agency; that, therefore, all the Bureau could 
say was that the loyalty reports had been sent to the Civil Service 
Commission. The Bureau obviously could not certify- that the 
Commission had sent them all to the State Department. &£ 

In light of this, it was suggested that the Civil Service 
Commission. would be the proper agency to answer Senator Tydings' 
letter. Ul 



DMLidad 



cc - Mr 9 Belmbn]t'- { ) f i ~, 
Mr. Nichols Uti ^ 







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RECORDED ~ ■ 




:~.s. 



MH 13 195Q. 



STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



Office } Memomndum * 



Se 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



TO 



^fcbM 



Mr. Ffeyton Ford 

The Assistant to the Attorney General 



DATE: Ifey 5, 1950 



Director, FBI 
SUBJECT: JJ3IALTI OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES 



, Reference is made : to your telephone conversation last evening with 

a Bureau official in which you advised him that you had just learned the 
President is going to permit the Ty&ings Subcommittee to call at the Ihite 
House and review the State Department loyalty files on the 81 individuals vifoo 
have been mentioned by Senator Joseph R. MsCarthy. 

lou indicated that you were sure the Attorney General had no advance 
information regarding this natter and in view of this development you sug- 
gested that the Bureau not send any more material or data to Ir. Seth Richardson, 
Chairman, Loyalty Review Board-, in connection with the Board's review of the 81 
cases since you desire to determine from the White House what position is being 
adopted with respect to these cases. 

You, of course, are aware that the Bureau already has furnished to 
the Board material on some of the 81 cases. It is ny understanding of your 
instructions, as set forth above, that the Bureau should immediately stop 
sending to the Board material on any of the cases identified before the Icings 
Subcommittee and presently being reviewed by the Board except in those inst^sces 
where we are conducting active full, field or supplemental investigations unde/ 
the provisions of Executive Order 9835 regarding persons on l&v Richardson f s 
list who presently are employed in" the Executive Branchi In such instances, 
the provisions of Executive Order 9835 itself would require that we furnish \o 
the Civil Service Commission the reports of such investigations upon completion. 






#H> 



I If the Bureau f s understanding of your instructions in this regard is 1 

* not correct, I would appreciate receiving you? immediate advice. J V^'V^h 



BKLOSURt 



-^ .« TVT-'E'T^'&S 

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ST.tP.t»i 

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ssuwss^x^w. 



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STANDARD FORM NO. 64 




ce ISA&fnormldum • united statos government 






\ 




date: May 9, 



to .: Mr* D. M. Ladd 
ft& from : Mr. E. H. Winter 
- subject: LOYALTY OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES 



Reference is made to the attached memorandum 
from the Director to Mr* Peyton Ford dated May 5, 1950, 
wherein Mr. Ford has made the notation: "Continue as 

marked — I would, however. to continue to furnish th< 

other material as per our conversation until Dawson and 
see Seth R. " {£ 

. Pursuant to your instructions, I first contacted^. 

H of Mr. Ford, to determine the meaning 
the above-quoted notation. She, in turn, referred me to Mr\ 
Ford and he stated that he could see how we were possibly confused 
and he stated further that he meant the( Bureau should continue w , 
supply information to the Loyalty Review Board in the same mann< 
as he previously had indicated J) until such time as i% he, Mr. Fo 
talk to Mr. Dawson at the White House and with Mr. Seth Ricfifarw&on. 
He said, in other words, the Bureau should furnish loyalty reworts 



^ 



-i 





and information pertaining to the loyalty of present employees 

of the State Department, but that if a request for a security 

type report were received, such a report should not be given to Mr. 

Richardson at this time. If there are any changes as a result 

of his conference with Mr. Dawson and Mr. Richardson, he will advis 

the Bureau^ \l 

Upon my departure from Mr. Ford f s office, I specifically 
that I understood that the Bureau should continue to operate 
the same basis with the Loyalty Review Board as was previously 
agreed to, by Mr. Ford and that if a request were received for a 
security type report, that it would not be furnished to the Loyalty 
Review Board. He stated that this was correct, n 

ACTION: , ';■• *.♦*,.«„ 



stated 
on 



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O 

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a 

c: 

>■■ 



Inasmuch asr'at; :was^ necessary to obtain clarification 
as to Mr. Ford's penned not$1MbH* } sei; forth on the Bureau's 



memorandum, of May 5, 1950,, it is Relieved that this should be set 
forth in writing to Mr.l^jj&^ifr thi s regard it is suggested that 
+ *-- confirmation be handleM^y "the attached memorandum of 



May 9, I960, directed to Mr. Peyton Ford, wherein reference is made 



.: EHW_:WMJ.^ 



HGQRDED *> 



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85 



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JUN 13 195Q 







♦ 4 



to o request by Mr. Seth Richardson for a copy of an FBI report 
on Robert Talbott Miller, III, who, it will be noted, is no 
longer with the State Department, but who was ^included in the 
list of 81 cases referred to by Senator McCarthy. This request 
of Mr* Richardson is a request for a security type report* 
The request, consequently, falls within the category which at 
the present time is not to be complM with. 

Accordingly, it is recommended that the attached 
memorandum serve two purposes t (l) To confirm the clarification 
of the above-referred-to notation ~and (2) to refer to Mr. Ford 
the request of Seth Richardson 1 . 





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; s£$f ef * Mat ef i^l?MiiaM'l^B6Sfiedt $r«t 3*s*lar l&aiu*fcy*i si&wek *»£«** v 
■ . tJja Beast* 9» JV»fen»xy 3% 2f50* *&o»* ss***- *««• «!*© £a*l«£8& «a ik» ; 
• ^^esi* 73*% wmtB* turn, tat Iteaa** MM*»ttt«» ■&*• I*** &&)* \ 

. ism. tfea«fe ^©g fa^anaaid. is uar, .gBi&Sstg laftft ths at**?!*! yen s*«wwst®t ulljl* • ■ 

• ' v ' : " lea idii ne&» '#•* $a» f %b*dam& i» ttCUMt .Sst© BirW J* ■ Z£'*«t 

III. Bart S i^irtftl^i t» a* iadtiir^«i1s MumU^mi em ife» 1 ^BJbp«s®s. R Met* 

. m. ft lift £%miiii4 t© tk» »«x*ifii &ir tfct fe^^ttfel* Ss^Ht f*. Eie&eitiiwc^ CbairBS^, 





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' : ." -fci ^s^"3P3: M- the attat?}a«i»5it lii*re «x#- ftaraifih-d tfc« «3fiii^l^ tOMfeltttet «^. 






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STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



i 4 

Office Memorandum • united states government 



TO 



FROM 



MB, TOLSQN 



date: May 15, 1950 



L. 5. NICHOLS 




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Tolson 

Cle J 

Glavln 

Ladd 

Nichols 

Ur. Rosen_ 

Mr. Tracy_ 

Mr. Egan__ 

Mr, Gurnea 




told ue confidentially thm Senator^ y! |g> 
AflLflie /icd prepared a letter to the Chairmn i of the Sowaittee 



kr, Pennington,, h 

°JL/2i^ c/iarging tfrat tfte Tydfings* investigation ffjjy — - 

fTlHT/i^&eeir7flrc<coI; t/iot no pood purpose could be served^S*^ 
and therefore he was withdrawing; that Senator Hickenlooper woui& 
endorse this view. 



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stated that he did not know whether Lodge would 



send the letter but he was giving serious thought to it* U 



commented that he had talked to several Republican 



leaders recently and they were fearful that they will win both the 
House and the Senate this fall which they do not want as they would 
prefer for a democratic majority- to continue and ihey would be content 
merely to pick up 3 or 4 seats in the Senate and a few seats in tty 
House* 



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RECORDED -85 




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STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



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Office NLemOTafldum • united states government 



TO 



FROM 



MR. BEIMOKT 



mi S f 



date: May 16, 1950 



L) 



jT SUBJECT: 




CHARGES AGAINST THE STATE , DEPARTMENT BY SENATOR 1C GARTHI 



MLke Horan advised me CDnfidentially that he had reviewed the 
files at the State Department -which are to be made available to the 
Senate Committee strictly from the standpoint of seeing that there 
was nothing in the files which would be harmful to the Department of 
Justice and which did not belong in the files. He stated that he wanted 
to pass on the following information with reference to Bureau inf ormatior 
he observed therein* 

Horan stated in the Loyalty file on Gertrud^)feameron he noted a 
copy of a long letter from the Bureau to Seth Richardson, Chairman of the 
Loyalty Review Board, dated April 21, 195G. One paragraph of this letter 
furnished for Richardson's confidential information the identity of one of 
our confidential informants* Horan stated that he suggested to the, state 
Department that they block out this paragraph as it had no pertinency and 
might be harmful • Also he noted in the Gertrude Cameron case a memorandum! 
from Arch K. Jean to Mr. Nicholson of the State Department dated October 
21, 194$ > saying something to the effect that the E3I did not make as 
complete an investigation as was possible on Mrs* Cameron's husband* 
Horan stated there was no indication as to why the investigation on yiars 
Cameron f s husband was pertinent in Hiis file* It is noted that/ th< 
investigation was conducted on Mrs* Cameron and the only reference 
to her husband were incidental or were related to her activities. 

Horan also advised that in the file involving u4tc(B£ nson, he 
noted pencil notations on the Bureau report which was written by Charles 
A* May at Washington, D* C*, in April, 1944-* ftiese pencil notations 
identified the various informants in the report* According to Koran, 
there, was no information as to how the informants had been identified 
by the State Department. Horan stated he noted there were two original 
copies of this report in file and one photostat* The photostat did not 
have any notations on it. Horan stated he suggested to the State 
Department that they remove the two white copies of the report which 
contain notations and leave only the photostatic copy in the file* 





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RECORDED -37 j^.r^'Xlt 

JUN 6 0& f * 




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MEMORANDUM FOR MR. TOLSON 



^ Oil May 12 Senator Henry CibotifLoage, Jr. called to see me stating 

lie desired to discuss with me informally and eoirfidehtt^ 
whith had developed in connection with the revie^ ^f Jthe^ 
files in the 81 casea 






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; He stated that he and other members of the Cbthmittee were now ;^ 
reviewing these files at the White House and after several days of such 
review he did not know whether he was stupid or ignorant but he was terribly 
confused about the contents of the files in that the files contained no recom~ s 
mendations and in cases where Loyalty he airings had hot been held by the 
State Department there was no indication as to why they had not been held/ 
He statedi furthermore that in some instances there wis no indication that 
various leads had been followed out which appeared in the f ilea; and he was 1 
wondering whether I ^ould give him my reaction upoh the sai^; ; ; ^ ; ^ 

■%. I told the Senator that of cou rae I had not seen the files and was ir^t 
therefore in a position to speak authoritatively about them. I stated that 
in so far as th$ FBI reports were concerned obviously we reached no con* v 
elusion because that Was: hot our function, but that we did endeavor to follow j 
out every lead which we developed ^ 

of the source from which we obtained the ittformation. The Senatoir stated hef 
appreciated completely the position of the Bureau in the matte rbirt he had 
been confused about the files as a whole V 



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JE»H#EH 



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your si ^ 



W'WM^M 




John Edgar Hoover /• 








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' ' feOftPOBft * fa re*^>o*id to y^:-4i^iJy-'^to *heth*iir ire , are' soufifl i|iv ; : | ;; 
not tovlng i^iiti<Mawl f r in #iar K^ayas^tii* 1^ l^ea ?or# -g£f Iftgt X%?$i$b£ *i&* ; — ^ ' i I ^ 
dental *^fer#i*eee c^or^g an'3^ $fcC^t% ilhiqh :: ; ^ | ''-;■ 

appeared lii coll&t#rii repo^ ffi^ peaple -.';}; .;f- v 

and in not ibntioning conf ident i^ aefcora^ State Dspaii&ent r 

in connection with tl^ Si^gW «w ] 

Ceswanist activities t>f 



BAC&omvm i - % -ncH^^EttAtt ■>JP-; i aHagr- r .'l5 # ;--l9^>» attached for approval" a 
rarsdu© to Kr» Peyt^ Foirt fimdittil^K to the Bci^traeatj in accordance w$th his reqtaeet, 
infenaation regarding jaateriftlaeot to the Glvii Service CootIbg ion and/or tho Stajto 
lte£&rt^ regarding the 81 lnd&^^ IdenUfled Igr Senator IBsCar^sr* IMs aateMal 
was finished i^c^^ hy Sewtor/^ the Attorney ■ 

General furnish him Kith a letter regaij^tpig the ^terial trtosadtted hy the lureauf 
eonoernlng these &1 easee."; :; " ;"/.;■ ;U-."; *>>-"•■-.;' ■' "t* '■= - :: -. -^ r-il.;/-'^^ : ^-* - ; >/"- •'•" "^v ' -'-'J'' 



v ■:"*.■/ *:;- : Ou page tw 0J? asp shsib®^^ plated ©ut that In 

cenneoM^^ I 

specifically relating ;teV^i^|^-Xi;I^^JU9^ oil the triage .^fepbena* list, it ; s 
mm found that collate^ other reports 

aj^ 0?^^ tas«iiiitt%t^'^ State j& a^ l^tiaw 

a general arale theae ia0iae^t^ not heen incited in the *emoraads3a to 

the ©epaiiaeiit} that la the pam% donfideiitiaS aeuioranda have teeen mpylSM to the ; 
State Departite^t in emmcMm^ifdM mw$Xl m investigation co^- 

,,, ceniiiag t»*to^m^ 

e^aoranda 13^^ Ijiftmaatioa frooi M#3y soasfideatlal 

aoscroea »a is^t^ each *m$w^i$^*^ 

IfeCartly le jeeatleaM/^i}aiim^^ Hatflid the Oregory atp^ry or; the • ■■ j . 

aiwaaiy on the OTdergro^id CoeiKtt^t eotlyltle^ ^ gorornaent eaplcyeea nism It i*a# 
felt to do ad would mpJoubtedly ; w»;#;St^fi^t8eta reqtwat >^ba* of the | 

- : ''" cdoflittmitaUlX. :il(BiiOwairta» ; v ; " *""- ■'- ■- A ';'-" ; ''y-**' V>V ! ">■*.""' -" .;*' "'^ "■■ ■' "v.--^^: -**/\% ,:-;" { ' 

With wapeet to th^ ^ 
^ i8wi ymi notedt ^Are m : aWcft»te^ao^ paragraph ori P» 2# I .naiit ^ notft^g 1 ( 

■ ^irateh - : -4tar_. a»terte3L. withheld* " . : : :- v -." : " -:^{\-};--.: ■'■/;;; ■■. ' // .;. ;',,■' ^- ; -; : V : *-' v ;;./ "'•" ' ■''; : '-- r .-"- /."V 

Olavin " 



it is felt that *e toe eatlre3y sound lu not having a^tita^ iacidwt*l| 



NichoiJEsafifiarcaaoea appearing in reports or aeioranda given t0 the State Ceptot«ent omi^erMng 
RoBe ° an entirely different person or subj eeti An example of ttie type of Incidental I 
^ cy -^e^ereneea referred tc wonld be ^ a ca?e where we have condiacted a loyalty of Voice of 



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Tala, Roo m '■ .- ' . 
-Qandy. ■ . 








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Aawrica invMUgation on an oaployeo of -tfca State Dapartsent *ho perhaps asaociatod 
tttih one of tba 81 IndivIdMla naoed on tho H mibpoen» n list* IfatwiXIy^ tho report 
f urnlshad to tba Stat* J*ajwtsg»t woi$a Jifcfctioa this aeaociatioa ami tltor^f ttr Mi 
forth briefer information cohoa rning the asooeiita* aha bappias tobd oaa of tt*a SI 
itrfividuala. fha substance of a^ iisei$antal rafaraacoa of thio nature fc£#$ariag 
collateral reportf on atfa#r i»&&^t*s&a wouM* of cot^o, ha tuol^id in iha loy«H 
or Voice of Aaoriea ia^etigstt&va r*aporta portaiaing to tha toAlvt&ml irha ippwra 
on tha n i*&hpoan»* list. Consequently, It was f eli thst listing collateral f^for«tsiCK 
of thia aitwa would ^i^i^^ atrrt ai^ |^t^^ pwpost ; 

, With reg^ni tottd^ f^mt«li0d: to.ilto Stftta J Ba|s^^Ei : ^^ 

neottoa with the ®rog**y oaaa ^ l^^tigaii#^ aoi&amiJ^ ^#r^^ 

ae^ii^tiaa -tut'- #ov«namt ^i^a^i^t^'f^^l Nbstama "of tha tefortmiloft- &$f0«rJ 
in such mwmxy mmtmm&M m$iM '^ : mMm$0:%fr tha X®f»lty «p f aioa of 'JtoM&i Iiwjw 
Mpti» raporto ,fi$retaho*£ *-*i» : -/iKh*- .^**43t ■ .ttoeri^UMi $m^$im ifhara -**wi : i#|i?Si^l-:te ■ 
$$®oiptim haa fesraii fcha ^M^fe'dt: ^a. ^4*»^M|pti^^-^ '^faiip ty$a»* :Wi^' ; *ii^ 
it maa again .fait that if m®$& tot '.#n|i^a%ii» .t&.liai ataafe mntay i^^a^te ^ # 
'f&rthar*. that it wi^ he a&tw^ to li«t them einco, if wt didao^ the 

fydi$g* S**fcco»alttaa mmM m&wM®^ .&mm$ that thoy fee farodtaoafl a^d #^ of I 
eo^ma^ contala lia£oa?&afcl$i* oencarning ntmoroue iadividuala not ipifttionsl >m '.tfcaV- I- 
fjnftiupt H oubpoona tt Hat and alas* at^rtaJ^ Sjsfossssitloo £rm hig&ly' eoafii^sitial 'i»6«rdds» \ 

A« you kna*, Aritart tftlfeoti Miller* III, was ojaa -of tha: ; a^a«rt»'fi» M tti». ; -< 
©ragoary ©»•• Millar r«Bign«4 fro* tf*0 St^ta Dapartawmt 00 Beea&bo? 33 # 194&# prior 
to tho ti» tfeio Loyalty Order waa promdgatod. Ba, af aotsacaa, M& m% boon tha 
aubjaai of a loyalty iavaatigatiea w i»raatiLg»tioii taaflar tho ?aioa of America ffcogpraa, 
the Europoan ftecom»ry Prosraui, w tte$ Atwio ®tiorgy Act* At the prooait %$m te la 
tha arf^eot af a p0nding Internal Security - B{ Rogiatratioa Aat ifiwati^atim fey tfet 
Snaraati. Millor ia ono of tha i)EidliiriflM|a mmd ou tho ^ai^poom* liat md witll 
respect to M«t Ufa pointed out ia our memoraMuc of Hfey 15, 1950, to tfee Sapar ; t^mt 
ttet ha bad not b«an tevoatlgatad tis^ar S&ea*a%i*a Of^iar 9935| that h# M J^aig^d 
fs^a tha State Departswnt on December 13, 19465 ttot Civil S*r*^a Coiwsi«eion a?©oord« 
fail to raf loot asgr ojaployaent of Killer iti tha lx#o^tife Br«aoh ambaaq^Bt t# %ta- 
ttrffiiotttion «ith ^to Stato Bof^iiwat* It wm jpoiioted out ttet Millar «&a iwaatigat^j 
fegr '"*** S«raau tm l|44«iil Ji45 uttftii^ tte» f{irov|ai«m» of tte -iflfetoli Mt ^H w fjpaeif ieal 
w^tioiiftd mcU raj>c«rt 4» t^a )li^^\-^.fiinM l^o feeaii f^r*fe^fe^^^ 

Bagar^oat .of Btata* fa Mlio a^lf J^ally raf arrofi to aoaorande iat# Fateai^y lf# 
I946, iM lt*ly 15# 1946* Mfammfc tP fm&mMk B# Xyoct of the State S^psirtssoiit und*r 
: tha caption w iafeart/#* tfH2ar # -UI*^'; anr filaa alao raf'laot that latt#r# .*«* i4dlra»aj 
t*> tho Saexwtaryr of Stata on ^fe3ma^ I& If 4$, aM JJoroftb^r 25, 1946, a^loatej 
a^narita of tba 0»f ory eubjects, inclriiag Mlll^» Wo dM not nontim tfeaw latl 
of Faferuasy 25 f I9&&> aafl Moveisiber 25> 19^, a£i&$ iio fait that it iras da&goi*oaa to del 
ad* If ttoiy toi boan uentioii«d, %t» f^aia^i Siibcowittat wcmld ia aU pro^feJli^ 
defflond tlst thoy W pro3ucad afid ^t^tfti^ in ^4itiort to rafarrisg to Ittil^, tha 
euBisariea *afar$ad to othar subjects of tha Oratory aaaa irtio wara aot iwdLwi«i aaong 
tfea ioaividtttdLa preaently boj^g o^^Mor^ i^..tlia--'1><il]|p Saheowlttaa* ftirihw^ora, 
tliay contain iMara^im obtaiiw^ fey tbo fta^*^ fr« Mi^ily contidantitti iwttfa«»\--..- 



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STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



♦ 



4 



Offiffi JSAemofMclum • ^united states govermS^^ 




CON 

Mr. J.. Edgar hoover 

irector, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Peyton Ford 
The Assistant to the Attorney General 



date: May 10, 




There is attached hereto copy of a list of 81 individuals' i 
from Senator McCarthy's speech ^efore the Senate on February 20^ i960, whose 
names were also included on the j)$|ub poena 11 list received from the Seru 
Committee (S. Res. 231). " * 



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The Attorney General wishes to prepare at. the earliest "possible moment 
a letter to Senator. Tidings listing, first, those individuals in the group on 
whom loyalty investigations were conducted, and attaching copies of the Bureau's 
transmittal letters or memoranda , to the Civil Service Commission. It is under- 
stood that these-transmittal letters identify the investigative reports making 
up the report of full field loyalty investigations. (J 

In this group there will undoubtedly be cases in 9 which a loyalty investi-? 
gation was never instituted because of the absence of derogatory information in 
the Bureau's files or because 'it, was learned prior to the institution, of the 
investigation that the individual had left the service* Also, there may be 
cases in which investigations were instituted but later discontinued because the 
individuals left the service during the course of the investigation. It is de- 
sired to list these individuals with an indication of what transpired in this* 
respect • i * , 

k < . - . ... - ■■ ■■ r 

There may haVe been, with respect to some of these individuals, memoranda 
forwarded to the State Department prior to, during, or ^following the loyalty in- 
vestigation, or in cases in which no loyalty investigation has been made* It is 
desired to make appropriate identifying reference to any such memoranda* /y 

It is not necessary in this connection to include any material submitted 
subsequent to February 20, 1950, which date maybe accepted as the cut-off date 
in "ftie search for materials referred to. 



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(^jpCe 'Memorandum • united states government 



to :. THE DIRECTOR 
from : D. M. Ladd 





date: May 9, I960 



SUBJECT: INVESTIGATION BY SENATOR TIDINGS' COMMITTEE 
. OF THESTATE DEPARTMENT LOYALTY CASES 




Tracy_ 
•Harbo 



Clive Palmer colled at my office at 5:40 PM tonight .m*. *bm 
and left the attached memorandum* listing the names of the »«• \ 

eighty-one individuals named in the subpoena by Senator- aanay_L 

McCarthy. ■ * ' y - — — r 



ii 



Mr* Palmer stated that Peyton Ford had been in conference 
all afternoon with Senator Tydings; that Senator Tydings insists that 
he wants a letter signed by the Attorney General listing the dates 
of reports on loyalty cases sent to the Civil Service Commission^ 
Apparently they are fearful that the State Department 9 s files have 
been stripped*' Therefore, Mi: Palmer stated .„ that the Attorney 
General and the White House had instructed that the Bureau prepare 
a memorandum to the Attorney General sending over a copy of the 
letterof transmittal in each instance where loyalty reports were 
transmitted to the Civil Service ; Commission inasmuch as this cover 
letter will show the itemization^ of the reports* 

I Another paragraph ^should indicate that the individuals^ ^. 

\listed thereunder were the subject of a preliminary loyalty investi* 
gation which was discontinued when, it was learnedt hat the employee . 
had left the Government service and, therefore, no reports were | 
sent to the Civil Service Commission* 



A third paragraph should list any cases where no investi-< 
gation was conducted because no derogatory information was availabl 



He also advised that 
off date of February 20, 1950, 
thereafter. 



Senior Tydings suggested that a cut- 
be set and that nothing be listed 




e. 



wanteds; , He promised 
sent to t he Bureau tomorrow, May 10, 195b* 



I told. Mr* Palmer that the' Bureau would not prepare any 
suah list - until we got a memorandum from the Department in writing I 
listing excictLy what it was that the Department *' " 
ftp have itliis ^prepared and 

rt~W In thei meantime, I would suggest that -we s^art^w'orking on 
hi & land should, suggest that a photostatic copy of thel letter of j 
transmittal^ to ,$he Civil Service Commission, be r^J^ep^:^* which will 



only show t he name 
the report and the 



ing the /Rfeofft* \ the date of \ , 

.«STrfA>P-i3t9se .... J.' 



of the Agent prepar 
off ice where made* 

Also, I would suggest that t lie Bur ^nT^fi^ use a cut-off\ 
date but include everyMng up to the present time^^ The 'Department -j 
^- can use whatever cut-off date they want after they get the Bureau] 1 s:' : ik 



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FROM DO -7 

OFFICE OF DIRECTOR, FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 



OFFICIAL INDICATED BELOW BY CHECK MARK 



Mr. Tolson 
Mr. Clegg 
Mr. Glavin 
Mr. Ladd 
Mr, Nichols 
Mr. Rosen 
Mr. Tracy 
Mr. Gurnea 
Mr. Harho 
Mr. Belmont 
Mr. Mohr 
Mr. Nease 
Miss Gandy 








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See Me 

Note and Return 

For Your Recommendation( ) 
What are the facts? ( ) 
Remarks : 







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Office MemorMidum • 



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UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 





TO : The Director 
from :. Mr. D. M. Ladd 



UBJECT: EXECUTIVE BRANCH, U. S. GOVERNMENT 

(Names identified by Senator McCarthy) 
LOYALTY OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES 



PURPOSE 



DATE; 



May 15, 1950 




Neaae 



, To recommend that the attached; menprandum concerning the individuals (»*,_ 
identified by Senator McCarthy before the ladings . Subcommittee beN^rwarded to __ 
^•U?$yi^I or & pursuant to his request to-be advised regarding th efoissemin ation 
?lJ?fl£S!^^ jS£^^J^?^£ a ^^ "the results of investigationSwrega] 



BACKGROUND. 



\ 



You will recall that in my memorandum, of May 9, 1950y which is attached, 
I pointed out that Clive Palmer had called at my office s on the evening of May 9> 
1950, and left a memorandum listing the names; of the 81 ; ; individuals named in the 
subpoena of the Senate Subcommittee, Mr. Palmer advised that Peyton Ford had been 
in conference all afternoon with Senator oydingsj that Senator landings insists 
that he wants a letter signed by the ^Attorney General listing the dates of reports - 
on loyalty cases sent to the. Civil Service Commission, as well as information on 
the individuals who were the subjects -of preliminary inquiry loyalty investigations, 
but which were discontinued .upon receipt of information .that the employees had left 
the government service. Palmer further indicated ladings also desired arry cases 
where no investigation was conducted because no. derogatory information was avail- 
able be listed. According : to Palmer, Senator Tidings , suggested that* a cutoff date 
of February 20,. 1950, be ?et- and that nothing be listed. ..thereafter* Palmer was 
advised by-me that the Bureau would not prepare any such list until we received 
a memorandum from- the Department in writing listing exactly what' it was that the 
Department wanted* It was also suggested- that the Bureau not use a cutoff date, 
but include everything up to the present time. You noted on my memorandum, !, I concur* " 

~'' The attached memorandum dated. May 10, 1950/ from Peyton Ford requests 
the following specific information concerning the names included on the "subpoena" 
list received frek the. Senate Subcommittee*:* The Attorney General wishes. to prepare 
a letter to Senator ^tydings listing first those individuals in the group on whom 
loyalty investigations were conducted, attaching copies of the Bureau' s transmittal 
letters or memoranda to-- -the Civil Service Cammissionj further, in cases where a 
loyalty investigation was never instituted because of the absence of "derogatory 
information in the Bureau 1 s files or because it was learned prior to the institution 
of the investigation that the individual had left the sei^Ape, , ra* where^J^estiga- \ 
tions were^ instituted but later discontinued because tiaa o±^yid^p.s ^^^^^^^| /^ 
service, information is; desired regarding what ^trans^^d^xi|itlfts respect 

CHS:KRJ:man 



^ 



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JUL I-0195DT- 







Peyton 







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I^;^%^V:* 



Ford further pointed out th^ of these 

individuals,- memoranda 1 forwarded to the State Department prior to, durizig, or 
following, thfe loyalty, investigation, or in cases in "whichno loyalty investiga~ : 
tion has F been made. He stated; ;tt is desired that the Bureau make appropriate . ; .. 
identifying reference to any such memoranda; Peyton Ford, as, indicated above/- 
stated it is not necessary 1 to include any material submitted subsequent to 
February 20, 195Q. :/ /[ ; . ^ "V ,' ' 

\ AH references in the Bureau 1 s files have been reviewed concerning the 
names set forth on the .^subpofena'Mist furnished by Glive Palmer, together with 
other individuals -who have been identified by Senator McCarthy, and the information 
requested; by the Department has been set forth in the attached memorandum -dated ; 
May 15, 1950, r to Mr . 4 Peyton Ford./* \ : . ; ;. /; : , ^ / • 

■You wiU observe that the material being furnished to the Department is 
divided into Parts I, H, and III.; Part I pertains , to the individuals identified . : 
on the "subpoenal list. In Part II* there is furnished for the Department 1 s infor- 
mation material relating to additional individuals not identified on the "subpoena 
list, but who were identified previously by-Seth;W^rldchardson in a letter to the 
Bureau dated April 5, 1950.. PartiJII consists of photostatic copies of transmittal: 
letters requestediby* the Departments- v ; ,: ; , * : ; f 

In connection with the review of our files, in addition; to reports and 
memoranda^ specifically relating to the individuals identified on th^ subpoena list, ; 
it was found that collateral ; references to these-individuals were located in other 
reports and communications transmitted to the Department of State in some instances. 
As a general rule,, these incidental references have not been included in the 
memorandum to the Department. In this, same connection, you ^ will recall that in 
the past confidential memoranda^ have been supplied to; the Department of State .in 
connection with the Gregory. case, as' well as -investigation concerning underground 
Cdoamunist activities of government^ employees. In these memoranda in r mai5r instances, 
numerous individuals were ixivolved and iiiformation frpm highly confidential, sources 
was included. In such memoranda, where one of the persons, named, by McCarthy is 
mentioned collaterals^ the Gregory summary or the summary on 

the under^ound^Copnunist activities of government employees, since it is felt 
;that to do so would undoubtedly cause the Subcommittee to request copies of the 
confidential memoranda which at the; time were not specifically given to the State , 
Department r$g^ 

. ■■■ * , .The review of the references on the individuals in question also revealed 
in various .instances oral information had been furnished to, the Department of State. 
This oral dissemination of information has been noted in the' memorandum to Peyton 
Ford inasmuch as it may have been made a matter of record in the files of the 
State Department. For us to delete such information might create, an erroneous 
impression that the Bureau/is withholding material. ' ; ' : : : V '■■'% 

■ action .T / ■•■',/ ' : . /"*■ ■ ■-/ '/ .' ■ ■-/';/ -V--; V " ' *■' ; ~\' : \ : : :- j 

That the : attached memorandum be forwarded to Mr. 'Pej^tbn Ford. 

- 2 - •■:' '■'■■;■" : '.. 





<^STANP«P3 FORM NO. 64 VP) 

Ojpce Memorandum • 



i 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 




TO 



FROM 



The Director 



D..-M. Ladd 



date: May- 17, -1950 




■/■' 



SUBJECT: 



EXECUTIVE BRANCH, U« ..S «i GOVERNMENT . 
(NAMES IDENTIFIED BY SENATOR MCCARTHY) 
LOYALTY OF GOVERNMENT .'EMPLOYEES 



X 



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Risen 


Tracy 


Harbo 


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PURPOSE ; To respond to your inquiry as to whether we are sound in 
not having mentioned, in our memorandum to Peyton Ford of May 15, 1950, inci- 
dental references concerning an 'individual named by Senator McCarthy which 
appeared in collateral reports furnished to the State Department on other people * I 1 
and in not mentioning confidential memoranda furnished to the State^Departmg^ 1 "^^ 713 
in connection with the Gregory case and investigation concerning T^^pground' 
Communist activities of government employees* 

BACKGROUND : .^memorandum of May 15, 1950, attached fc^approval ^memo- 
randum to Mr. Peyton Ford furnishing to the Department, in accordance with his request 
information regarding material sent to the Civil Service Commission and/or the State 
Department regarding the 81 individuals identified by Senator McCarthy.; This material 
was furnished in connection with a request made by Senator lydings that the Attorney 
General furnish "Kim with a letter regarding the material transmitted by the Bureau 
concerning the§e 81 cases* * 

1 On page two of my memorandum of May 15* 1950, it was pointed out that in 
connection with the review of our files, in addition t-g- reports* arid memoranda V 
specifically relating to individuals identified on the^Tydings I f subpoena" .list, it 
was found that collateral references 1 0. these individuals "'were 4 loca ted" in other reports 
and communications transmitted to the. Department^ of State in some instances; that as 
a general rule these incidental references had ;hot been included in the memorandum to 
the Department; that in the past confidential memoranda have been supplied to the ;^ 
State Department in connection with the "Gregory" case, as well as investigation con- 
cerning underground Communist activities of government employees, and that in these 
memoranda numerous individuals were involved and information from highly confidential 
sources was included; that* in such memoranda, where one of the persons named by 
McCarthy is mentioned collaterally, we had not listed the Gregory summary or the; 
summary on the undergrourfd v Cbmmiuiist activities of government employees since it was 
felt to do so would undoubtedly cause the Subcommittee to ^request copies of the 
confidential memoranda* ^ "^^li^lte 

, my mfemorafi(d(am^of May 15, 1950, ; 
h [on W48U3[Hfeftt nothing j 

Vim . ..,.;;•-:■ ■■*:■: \ 

t is felt that we are entirely sound in not having* -mentioned incidental ■' 
refei?6S8§E0>appearing in reports or memoranda given to the State Department concerning ' \ 
an entirely different person' or subject* r An example of the type of incidental : ; '{ 
references referred to wt>uld be a case where we have conducted a loyalty 01^ yoice of r 



With respect to this particular parage 
you noted, "Are we absolutely sound in marked 
which is material withheld*" 







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America Investigation on an. employee "of the State Department who perhaps associated 
with one of the 81 indiyidijals named on the "subpoena" list. Naturally, the report 
furnished to the State Department would mention this association and thereafter set 
forth briefly information concerning the associate, who happens, to be one of the 81 
individuals. The substance of any incidental references b£ this nature appearing In 
collateral reports on other individuals would, of course, be included in the loyalty I 
or Voice of . America investigative reports pertaining to the individual' who appears 
on the "subpoena" list. Consequently, it "was felt that- listing collateral references 
of this nature would be a dupli cation and not serve any particular purpose. : ; . 

With regard to summary memoranda furnished to the State Department in con- 
nection with the Gregory case and investigation concerning underground^ Communist I 
activities of government employees, the general substance of the ihfomation appearing 
in such summary memoranda would be reflected in the loyalty or Voice of America inves 
tigative reportis furnished to the Civil Service Commission where the individual in 
question has; been the subject of an investigation of this type.. With this in mind, 
it was again felt that it would be duplication to list such summary memoranda and, 
further, that it would be extremely dangerous to list /them since, if we did so, the 
Tendings Subcommittee would undoubtedly demand that they be produced and they, of , 
course, contain information' concerning numerous individuals not mentioned on the i 
Tydings "subpoena" list and also contain- Information from. highly confidential sources. 

As you know, Robert Talbot^^iler, III, Mwas one of the subjects in the ' 
Gregory case.; Miller resigned from the State Department oh December 13, 1946, prior 
to the time the Loyalty Order was promulgated* He,? of course,, has not been the 
subject of a loyalty investigation or -investigation under the Voice of America. Program, 
the European Recovery Program, or the Atomic Energy Act. Atth£ present time he is \ 
the. subject of a pending Internal Security - R;Registrati oh Act investigation by the; 
Bureau. Miller is one of the individuals named oh: the "subpoena" .list .and with 
respect to him we pointed out in our memorandum of May 15, 1950, to the Department 
that he had not been investigated 1 under Executive Order 9835f that he had resigned 
from the State Department on December 13, 1946; that Civil Service .Commission records 
fail. to reflect any employment of Miliar in the Executive Branch subsequent to his 
.termination with the State Department. It was pointed out that Miller was. investigated 
by the Bureau in 1944 and 1945 under the provisions of the Hatch Act and we specifically 
mentioned each report in the Hatch Act investigation"* which has been furnished to the 
Department of State. We also specifically referred to memoranda dated February 19, 
1946, and July 15, 1946, addressed to Frederick B. lyon of the State Department under 
the caption "Robert T. Miller, III." Our files also reflect that letters were addressed 
to the Secretary of State on February 25, 1946, and November 25, 19 46, enclosing I 
summaries of the Gregory subjects, including .Miller. We /did not mention these letters** 
of February 25, 1946, and November 25, I946, since we felt that it was dangerous to dol 
so. If they had been mentioned, the Tidings Subcommittee would, in. all probability j 
demand that they be produced and naturally, in .addition, to referring to Miller, . the j 
summaries .referred to other subjects of the Gregory case : who were not included among ■ 
the individuals presently being* considered by* the Tydings Subcpnmiittee* Furthermore, 
they contain information obtained by the Bureau from highly confidential sources. * f» I ■ 

ACTION : None. This is for your information. . . M 




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SENATOR MCCARTHY'S TEMPEST IH A TEAPOT :■ 
. 3y Leon D 'Argent. '*'*■ * 

For years, the Republican party alias to discredit the Truman 

■ / 

Administration and uses every possible means to drag it into dirt and filtho 
Nov, this tiaas a young politician* Senator McCarthy of Wisconsin, is 
using the opportunity of creating a big to-do by claiming incompetence, of the 
State Department, The senator insists this Government agency is infiltrated 
with Communists, fellow-travellers and people sympathizing with the Russians 
and their cause, spying in this country for the Reds. He seems unaware of the 
services he is rendering the opponents of our country with these clalms» If 
ve are to follow his conclusions^ the late President Franklin Do Roosevelt must 
also have been a Communist, co-operating with the Russians* By his actions he 
was successful in exterminating the Hitler clicque and in winning the war In 
politics it is often of greater advantage to keep silence than to speak up« 
MORAL : MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING . 

McCarthy obviously was interested in getting in the limelight and la 
showing his efficiency « He consequently acted according to the principle: The 
end justifies the means* The public should 'be interested in learning the 
sources of McCarthy^ information* How much did be pay for it and what promises 
did he make in return? Maybe his informants are recruited from "toe ranks of 
former Russian agents, conspirators against our country, like Whi taker Chambers, 
\ Mrs. Gerhard Eisler, etc. People like them enjoy their freedom, are at liberty 
nW, unpunished f^r their actions. They night act tomorrow again, provided the 

is alright* -It 8 s a known fact that most criminals revert to their past 
crime 3. Were honest politicians to serve our country honestly * with no business- 
like d/aalinge behind the scenes, the world would Jbe free of Al Ca pones, Joe 
Fiechetlbls (alias Fischer), etc* and there would be less murders committed* 









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It 9 8 also doubtful whether a McCarthy, unprotected by Congress!* 
immunity would dare to stand up against decent public servants and to Blanclj 
publicly. Politics is often a dirty business. 
MORAL: A MAN IS KHOWN BI THE COMPANY HE KEEPS . 

There is no use in criticising. To improve things, that°e what coun| 
If there are dishonest characters, ready to betray our country, our beloved 
country, then the most severe punishment* should be meted out to them. If an- 
Alger Hiss is really guilty he should be punished according to law, with a 16] 
prison term, followed toy deportation to the country of his iieals, which semmii| 
has more to offer hia than the U.S. 

There is also the case of Hiss Coplon, worse than the others. She seems 
to be a child of Russian parentage, whose ancestors driven from Russia not so 
long ago, found refuge in the United States, liberty and freedom. MORAL : ONE 
IS TAUGHT WISDOM BY ADVERSITY . 

One; thing is certain: We are at war again. This tiae at yarwith an 
Qnew TOre dangerous than Hitler* Hitler stated all his future plans and the 
conception of his world openly in "Main Karnpf". Stalin, however, is acting 
behind /the Bask of an honest man, having nothing else in mind but peace. The 
war now going on and forced yppn us only wears a different label: n Cold VeJtfM?* 
Vp ape : not suffering any casualties right now but it might happen any day. Should 
w© lose this war, then everything will be lost for us /and ve will have ceased to 
exist as a free nation* This condition now going on for years,; is abnormal, r- 
extra-ordinary, Var conditions require special conditions and measures to be 

taken. Consider the fact that we are a democratic countxy, with laws and regula- 

^ ■ '■'* ' "' ■ ■ ■ " ■ ," ■ ■' v '■/■'. / • ■''. 

tions. Consider the "Lerid-Lease* law which helped our allies to fight Hitler 
until we vere ready to step in with actions of our own. If there is a var an* 
war laws should govern us and, as long as this war lasts, we are to defend our- 



« ♦ 



~3- 



salves* No obvious damage has been done yet but who knows what we nay expect 

Our sole and biggest enemy for the time being is Communism* The 
Communist party should be abolished Tor the duration" of the present war or 
at least for such a period until we return to normal conditions. Membership 
in its party and public speeches and articles favoring its alas should be for- 
bidden; punishment handed out for those who break the law© We all should strj: 

toUnd " a " • xi8t " , " of ' """" "^ we — —• * «* 7 • 4 

paganda department which would prevent decent and loyal citizens from being mi 
guided iy lies and false promises* For them Russia would never be the promise 
land* If Russia were the paradise* praised by its agents in this country & 



i 



would be permitted to glimpse behind the curtain and to see for ourselves whai 
is going on there* If Russia is paradise then why keep its people forcibly 
behind Its borders, why prevent them from leaving the paradise even for a sho: 
whileT MORAL * FORESIGHT IS THE MOTHER OF ALL VISDONo 

Finally, the writer has a suggestion to makes In order to remind all 
American in what golden country we are Hying, let us sing our National Anthei 
before the curtain rises in a theatre* before a concert* before every radio 
music hour and bef ore every television show* I personally would give away all 
of Europe and Asia for staying in this country a There is nothing better : tham 
America* GOD BLESS AMERICA. 









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^STANDARD FORM NO, 64 



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viz 



ce NLemoT^ndum ■• united states GovEiNMENT 




DATE: May 23, 1950 




Rosen 1 


Tracy 




Harbo 




Mohr 




Tele. Room 
Hease 




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TO : .-Mr,- -A. H. Belmon 
FROM : ~ c. He Stanle 

SUBJECT: CHARGES AGAINST THE STATE^DEPARTMENT BY SENATOR MCCARTHY 



Reference is made to the memorandum from Mr. Keay to you dated 
May 16, 1950 concerning Mr. Horan 1 s observation of the State Department files 
which are to be" made available to the Tydings Committee. It is noted Mr. 
Horan mentioned the files on Gertrude Cameron and Jay Robinson. 

RE: JAffffioBINSON 

'•r . ■ - "■■ - ■ "'. ..■•■*■'■' : \ 

Mr. Horan indicated he noted pencilled notations identifying informants 
in a Bureau report written by Charles Ae May at Washington, D. C. in April 1944. 
He further advised the file contained two original copies of the report, one pho- 
stat and that the photostat did not have any notations on it. 

In this connection Buf iles disclose a Loyalty investigation 
instituted concerning Robinson on 5-28-48, however the investigation wep 
tinued and CSC so advised by letter dated- 6-11-48 when it was ascertained 
resigned from the State Department on 4-16-48. No LGE reports were dis 

. - r " ' ".- ■ - ■■; (121-9838) 

In regard to the Hatch Act investigation concerning Robinson it is 
noted the report of SA Charles A*' May, dated 4-22-44 at Washington, D. Ce-, was 
sent to the Interdepartmental Committee on Employee Investigations on 5-11-44. In 
addition the file shows a copy of the report was also sent to the State, Department 
on 8-25-47 for information purposes. It is rioted the original copy of the report 
by SA May does not contain any pencilled notations identifying the informants 
and the file does not reflect the Department of State was ever advised o^ the 
identity of the informants ♦ ' (100-69918-10) 




wpm 




RE : GERTRUDE4CAMER0N 



Mr. Horan referred to a copy of a letter from the "Bureau* to Mr. *Seth 
We Richardson, dated April 21, 1950, in which- one paragraph set forth the identity 
of a confidential informant (Mrs* Roswell Skeel, Jr.). 

With respect to this observation the letter to Mr. Richardson pointed 
out that during a Hatch Act investigation^ concerning Cameron a prominent citizen / 
and personal acquaintance of Mrs. t Cameron -advised another government agency that I 
the employee "became^ so wrapped ^^/x&/ J C%ramunismV that, the informant, had to seyer 
their acquaintanceship £ r .The informant also provided.- information "of a disloyal v 
nature regarding employee's husband. The Hatch Act investigation further revealed 
the informant was reinterviewed'by th^/- government agency^ at which time she modified 
her previous statements arid advised she di&fjmt, mean "wrappe.d up in Communism*" 
The t informant was ascertained to'be Mrs. .. Roswell^ Skeelj^Jr^., former employer of 
Mrs . 'Cameron. k\ 



8JUN271950 INDEXED- ,37 .^ 



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;; During the; LGE- in vest igation "the Modified;, statement, by Mrs,. Skeel.v ' " -j\ 
'.received from' tHe above'-mehtioned government agency was .reported and her riaine ;was hot 
concealed., -It-is also, noted* Mrs. Skeeldid not have, any additional inf ormatiori V;" 
to offer and ^her identity was not concealed when she was reinterviewed during, the. 
LGE investigation. Because Senator McCarthy, stated in. his case No. 55, . later ; 
identified as Cameron, that a former employer describedher as "wrapped ;up n ^in 
Communism and did not refer to the^reinterview with her former employer in. which 
the allegation was modified, it was : considered advisable vto point out to Mr. " . 
Richardson that Mrs. Skeel was the -informant, or former : employer inasmuch as she:' 
,had been interviewed and plainly identified; during the LGE investigation. > ■ V 

■;■'"■:"/. , . ' V Mr./Horah-also mentioned. T ]tiiat ; he observed a memorandum -iii the State 
Department. file on Cameron dated. l6-;2l-48 indicating^thi^FBi;diS not makers" *.*i-- 

] complete an' investigation as : was. possible on Mrs. .Cameron's husband. Mr.- Horan ; 

| added there was no indication as -to 'why the investigation oh Mrs. Cameron's < 
husband was pertinent in the file. 



/ A review of the LGE investigation reflects the; Philadelphia Office- ; * 
submitted! a. 3 page report devoted principally to the background, of the employee 1 si 
^husband. - Other reports in the investigation also set forth pertinent inf ormationj 
concerning her husband' when it, applied to the employee. The. report ..from the-'WFO'.l * 
dated^5-15-48' stated the Catron's were voluntarily ; -separated because, of physical] 
disabilities received^ by. Mr. Cameron -liuring World War :ft./ 

indicates an appropriate investigatiori was conducted and the Department., of ■ State- j-/ 
has not requested any supplemental investigations. /( 12 i-3702) ' . ''*"'■' •■.'/.] \ 



ACTION 



'\ 



The : above is for your' inf ojrmation. 




-2- , 



/ STAN^fc 



FORM NO. 64 







4 : i ,'\^- — 

oe, Memorandum • united state! government 



TO 



FROM 







THE DIRECTOR 



MR. LADD 




da|E: May 24, 1950 



SUBJECT: SUBCO MMITTEE OF. SENATE .FOREIGN 
RELATIONS' COMMITTEE; 
i0YALTY*OF GOVERNMEi^nEJEPLOYEES frTN 

^e^i,^ ^ NFORW |*tiON CONTAINED 

To answer your inquiry concerSig the advisability of 
formally requesting of Senator Millard Tydings the^€ranscri.pt of 
testimony presented before the Subcommittee of the Senate~«irForeign 

U 




Tracy 



Relations Committee. 



BACKGRQUM) 

On May 12, 1950, Mr. Ed Morgan, counsel for the Tydings 
Committee inquired as to whether we had a copy of the transcript of 
hearings before the committee ♦ 'when informed that such a transcript 
had not been made available to us, Mr. Morgan stated that Senator 
Tydings wanted to be sure that the FBI was being furnished all information 
in this matter and that he would be glad to make a copy of the transcript 
available to us* He said that there were only a limited number of copies 
of the transcript, but that he would make a copy available to us as soon 
as possible * Informed of Mr, Morgan's offer by memorandum from Mr. A. H. 
Belmont to Mr. D. M. Ladd, dated May 12, 1950, captioned "Owen Lattimore; 
Espionage - R, " you instructed that "As soon as copy is obtained we should 
go over it carefully for leads and information," 








On May 22, 1950 Mr* Ed Morgan called on another matter, at which 
time Mr. Belmont took the opportunity to inquire as to whether the transcri 
was as yet available* Mr. Morgan advised that there was not then an extra ^ 
copy of the transcript but he would get one as soon as he could. Inf or: 
of this call by Mr. Belmont's memorandum to Mr. Ladd dated May 22, 1950, " 
captioned, "Philip Jacob Jaffe, with aliases," you suggested, "Shouldn't we 
formally request the transcript of Tydings?" [/ 

Open sessions of the Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee have been attended unobtrusively by Agents of the Washington Field 
Office, who have immediately submitted summaries of pertinent development. Of 
necessity, these summaries have .been incomplete and have not included testimony 
presented at executive sessions of the comniittee. 

pi 

100* ■* 



EMG/de 

62-91923 

cc: 100-24628 (Eattimore) 

cc: 100-26736e^Cja££e) 



&>6 JUN 1-41S5C 



*0S& 




Recognizing that the best record is the transcript itself, 
on April 24, 1950 a memorandum was sent to Assistant Attorney General 
James M. Mclnerney, pointing out that the Department might wish to 
arrange to receive copies of the official transcript of all testimony 
before the Subcommittee concerning Owen Lattimore, By memorandum dated 
May 12, 1950, it was again suggested to Mr. Mclnerney that the Criminal 
Division might wish to arrange to secure such transcripts and inquiry 
was made of Mr, Mclnerney as to whether such material was available* 

At 5:15 PM on May 23, 1950, Mr. Raymond Hi/hearty 
telephonically advised that the Department now has a single copy of 
the transcript and that although he is required to follow the matter 
closely and would like to keep the transcript, he would gladly make 
it available to the Bureau for photostating, 

RECOMMENDATION 



Inasmuch as the transcript of testimony presented before the 
Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee is now available 
through the Criminal Division, it is suggested that it be obtained and 
photostated. Should it prove incomplete or otherwise inadequate for our 
purposes, it is recommended that a formal request then be made of 
Senator Tydings for the official transcript. 



U 




- 2 ~ 



TO: 



.Director 



.Mr. 
.Mr. 
.Mr. 
Mr. 




Tolson 

Clegg 

Glavin 

Harbo 

Niehols 

Rosen 

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Tamm 
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E2ff. Oegg. 

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SSsr # 2TarBo _ 

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Hg-ay — — 

Mir- Clegg . 

Mr. Gloria 

=»]> IK. Glavin _„ 

1 Mr* KiclsolB 

fMr. Nichols . 

.Mr. Belmont mM£ m SSSSnir m , — 

_i — - - . JF Mr. Tracy 

„ „ ° . j Mr.Karbo 

. - I *^- Bolmont 

M fc Mjf* Bo lraor. f 

M | Bgn Moh r ~ 

w-t=-*^* .Hoom 

tX&le. Room 

•Mr. Baumgardi^f^ . 

:Mr. Keay i; Ki ~ 
—Mr. Stanley!^- 



.Mr. Pennington 

.Mr. Winterrowd 

.Mr. J. A. Carlson 

.Mr. Hargett 




Ferris 
Foreign Service Desk 
.Mr. Callan 



.See Me 
.Call Me 



Mrs. Henley 
.Miss Jess 



.Appropriate action 
_Note & return 
Send file 



Mrs. Davidson 



Bring up-to-date 



-Chief Clerk's Off. 
-Records Section 
-Personnel Files 
..Mechanical Sec. 
_Ident. Division 
-Technical La*b. 
-Reading Room 



Correct 
_Re-date 

—Please initial & return 
—Place on record & return 
—Place on record 
-Per conversation 
..Advise status 



D. M. Ladd - Rm. 5736 
Telephone Ext. 555 



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United States Civil Service Commission 
washington 25, d.c. 



ADDRESS ONLY 
"CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION"' 
IN YOUR REPLY REFER TO 

file LBB:GLG:lp 

AND DATE OF THIS LETTER 



Msy 31, 1950 




IAL - 



Honorable J. Edgar Hoover 

Director 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

Department of Justice 

Washington 25, D. G, 



Sir: 









|j$Mr. Ladd JkT 


j|j{ 


1 Mr. CI egg 




■4 Mr. jGlavin . — __ 




1 Mr. Nichols — . 




| Mr. Mohr . 
| Tele. Room 
I Mr. Nease 
Iiss 1 Gandy 




Reference is made to my letter of April 5, 1950 in which I \/^ 
requested certain information "be submitted to this office regarding^ 
persons appearing on the list mentioned therein and to your lettexf$ 
of April 10, 1950 in reply thereto, 

$he Loyalty Review Board has decided not to review these cases 
further at this time, in view of the fact that they are presently 
the subject df study "by the Hidings Subcommittee. Accordingly, 
please regard ay request in letter of April 5, 1950 that informa- 
tion he forwarded directly to this office as withdrawn. 

It will he appreciated if any additional information concerning 
the cases mentioned by Senator McCarthy before the Subcommittee of 
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee be forwarded as ttsual directly 
to the Investigations Division of the Giyj?l Service Commission. 









S 

Chairman 

loyalty Review Board 



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RECORDED-* 



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__Mr - Glavin 
___Mr. Harbo 
__Mr. Nicnol 
Mr. Rosen 
Mr , Tracy 
Mr - Belmont 
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Mr,'-Callanani 

iS_Mr . 13 ease 
__ULiss Gandy 
^Personnel T? 
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'STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



Office NLemomndum • 



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TO 



D. M. IADD 



FROM : MR. A. H. B 



SUBJECT 



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UNITED SMSES GOVERNMENT" 



DATE: June 1, 1950, 



SURVEY OF THE SECURITY AM) INVESTIGATIVE DISIVION 



\)F THSKSTATE DEPARTMENT, APRIL, 19h7 



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You will recall that in April, 19U7 at the request of Mr. Fred B» ^ 

* Lyon, State Department, the Bureau conducted a survey of the then Security anjL ^ 

Investigative Division of the State Department in which a complete study wmw J 

made of certain procedures in the Investigative Division, together with &&>/ 

recommendations for certain changes. l4 



&£3 

In connection with this survey, Mr. Donald L. Nicholson, Chief, Security *7 f A 
Division, State Department, informed Mr. Roach today that Senators Lodge and (Ire^n 
of the Tydings Subcommittee have received knowledge of this survey and have {rHtfJ 1 ^ 



red of the State Department of the action they have taken on the recommendations 
made by the FBI. Mr. Nicholson informed Mr. Roach that a number of the recommendaii 
were placed into effect while, some were not. He stated that the Senators want to see 
the report, together with the State Department's explanation of what they have done 
by way of conforming with the recommendations. Mr. Nicholson's question is whether 
the Bureau hasaiy objection to the copy now in the possession of the State Department 
being shown to the Senators. He advised that the State Department would like to do 
this if the Bureau had no objections. / J 

RECOMMENDATION S 

It would seem that there would be no objection to the State Department 
disclosing the recommendation made by the Bureau when compiling the answers that they 
must give to the Senators, however, there appears to be no valid reason why the 
State Department should turn over our survey report to Senators Lodge and Green for 
their perusal. If you concur, Mr. Roach will so inform -Mr. Nicholson of the 
State Department • 1 1 



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INDEXED - 36 







STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



Office Memorandum • united states governmekp? 



TO 



A. H. B« 



date: June &, 1950 



Tolaon_ 
Ladd 



Olavln 



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Nichols_ 

Rosen 




/ from : c. E» Hennrich^^ 

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subject: ^-^ SUBCOlflOTTBE OF SB JATB KB EGHNr REATIOMS CWftOTTfflt; 

LOZALTI OF G07SUJMBNT WPIfflSSSS 



FtRTOSBx 

To advise that th^^^fjcript^of ^tesiiitony presented \\ 
before the Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee ' 
which is now available through the Criminal Division is incomplete 
and inadequate for our purposes and that a formal request for the 
complete transcript is being, made of Senator Tidings* 



BACKGROUND: 

A memorandum from Mr* D* M* ladd to the Director dated Ifey 
24, 1950, in which it was suggested that inasmuch as the transcript! 
of the testimony presented before the Subcommittee of the Senate 
Foreign Relations Committee was available through the Criminal Division, 
it be obtained and photostated* It was also recommended that should 
suchprove incomplete or otherwise inadequate for our purposes, a 
formal request then be made of Senator ladings for the official transcript* 
To these suggestions the Director indicated his agreement* 

At 5:00 P.M. on May 25, 1950, Ifr* William B* Foley of the 
Criminal Division was personally contacted by Special Agent Bnery 
M, Gregg* Mr* Foley advised that as yet the Department has been 
unable to obtain the complete transcript but .did : have printed 
copies of the transcripts of April 20, 1950 and April 25, 1950, whi 
concerned the testlmoxy given tqr Louis Budenz in both public and 
executive session* It was noted that the testimony for these two days 
alone consisted of three bound volumes indicating that the complete 
transcript will be extremely large « j 

i fc j 

The transcripts of testimony presented on April 20, 1950 and 
April 25, 1950, were obtained from Mr* Foley for the purpose of being 
photostated; however, upon being reviwed they were found to be 
inadequate for our purposes and were returned to him at 10:00 A«M* on 
May 26, 1950* By memorandum dated May 23, 1950, Assistant Attorney 
General James M* Mclnerney advised that the Department had been 
informed that the proceedings before the Committee are not being 
printed for approximately one month, at which time the Department 
would receive a copy of available transcripts* * ^ /.<="» 







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Baasmuch as the transcripts obtainable through the Criminal 
Division are incomplete, Mr* D« U, Ladd has personally requested of 
Senator Tidings a copy of the official transcript of testimony presenter 
before the Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee* 



ACTION: 

Hone, the above is for your information* TJpon receipt of 
the transcript, a photostatic copy will be made for transmittal 
to the Baltimore Office for their inf ormatioru 



ADDENDUM; 

On May 29, 1950 twenty volumes of the transcript of 
testimony before the Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee were received and are currently being reviewed* 



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MEMORANDUM FOR 1^^ ^OtSON 

'A;.l7vV->A:r ( y V : - • V MR. M£*D .,/ 
7 . ; \ , : MR; WCKOkS 



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'; ^ '■' Mr. Peyton Ford 'called again' regarding tfcei^arf jpregar^by iha^v : //J 
Stsie Department and stated he bad just had a call from Mr. Fishery the General . 
Counsel at the State Department, who advised that they wanted to say that they ; 
have been advised that the Department of Justice did not evaluate this material; 
that it 'w&s evaluated by the State Department. I atated ; as f ar as I kne^v tfeat was 
absolutely correct but I did not se^any necessity for them using our name at all; 
that obviously they made the chart and in makikg it they of course must have : v 
evaluated the material. I commented; that the only danger in making a statement 
and in mentioning the FBI in it is that we have not vyet seen the material from which 
they made the chart, and though wevneyer reach a conclusion in our reports \ we are 
not infallible and before a statement i& is4Ue4-4^ otl A9- aU ?-.^.-^P^^ Have to see the 
reports from which the .-chart was prepared*; Mr. Ford thought it would be a good 
idea to tell Mr* Fisher that the State Department did the evaduating and that th^ v 
Justice Department didn't and I agreed. J stated if there was any question of the 
FBI having evaluated any report then certainly the^ should bring this to the attention 
of our iiap^oii section, but I did not feel it Was up/to clieck. into the material that f 
went into ^ the chart; as we did not know what went into it. I commented to Mr« Ford .\ 
^haf I f elt it A^as up to the State Department to do this checking as they had prepared 
the chart. 1 further added that as far as I knew this chart has nev^r been distributed 
and X did not know why they had prepared it. Mi*. Ford comment^ thiat he\ thought 
Mr. Panuch prepared it. 



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Very truly yours* 

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Jobn Edgar Bftover 

,V Director ■■-.>.: 



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MEMORANDUM #OR MR. TOLSON 

■•*: >-Vl- ;•:•■■ '■:.?■■■ -■■../■.--•■'■•'Mil. LADfc ■" 

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- v Mr. Peyton Fo*d called &nd stated he had 

, ;<3eneral regarding the allegation that there were eleve! 



\ti talking to the ^torfcey 
ommunista in tb<H>tate 



Department atM commented that eight were now out of the Department and three 
^rif€Kiained7 Mr. Ford stated ^ requested to find out who these three were. 

1 sift told Mr. Ford I did hdt know who; they were and I assumed we would have to make 
; ''-inquiry, of the State Departnient. Ford then said he understood tb&t McCarthy said 
:'hfe Was not going to give this information to the Committee and it was riot exactly 
clear what he was going to do with itV that h« , McCarthy, had commented if anyone 
should have it he jfrou^ht the FBI should have it. I then told Ford that of course I 
could ask %nato5^UC4rthy but 1 doubted the wisdom of this, I also asked F ord if 
McCarthy was still referring to the chart and 3?5>Jrd stated hf apparently waa. bi ; ' 

; Ikthereupc^ 

7 «o«at; that they have ^ chart exactly like McCarthy described and that it w^s^pre-" 
. '-pared from material received from all branches of the Government including the 
V FBI reports. I stated* however » that though I had riot aemn this chart it was actually 
.;'■■'*/ prepared by the State Department which would indicate that Mc Car thy was getting his 
information out of that Department because no one else has such a chart in his 
^ possession*; I also told him that our material, which is included in the chart, is not 
^^; identified as such and that they cannot tell us what is in the chart that came from the 
Bureau; Mr. Ford then advised me that McCarthy is stating that for the first time 
^ ., in history the FBI is evaluating evidence and I stated I ^id not know what he based 
•" that bri. *•'•/$ further stated that the State Department is prepared to issue a press 
U vrelease that they have r^ as described by McCarthy from 

V the FBI; I commented that of '^tmrse-.-we said we could neither approve or disapprove 
*7#^ any release; that it was Up to them what they say* * However, I said as to these three^ 
:-;:^;/nittae>.;I^i(Mld give McCarthy a call and ask him or I could try to secure this *., ''"sff- 
■:- /i^^^ori^atiott'-lrotn^ihe State Eiepartment. Mi^^ 
"; ipdtn the State Department and I told him I would check ;with them* id, 

I'* & : :; V. i/ ; -;- ■■:• ¥KQ&: H& ; Very truly yours; Vl& j.* ^%'^ &'?: J.79 

' "" ' " ' " " ' &J¥Jtfi:&&:'*^ : +£2 ' 

Sohn Edgar Hoover • :':■. .'i^ W 



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June 6, 1950 



4:26 PM 




MEMORANIJIJrM FOR MR. TOLSON . 

- :■:;:■::. •< •■:•;>, .-■ ; ' • »■ MR. mcmohS 



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r .ir, Pcy Wn Ford callecLto inquire if I knew anything about at 
•nt to Which ^n&toi > JoeMcCirthy wa» referring on The Hill. 
I I had heard about this T>ut did" not know what McCarthy was 
:ing about and I had issued instructions to sec if we could get a 
/line on it in our f ilea but so far we have found nothing. Mr. Ford 
" stated he would like to know if we heard anything about it and I 
: told him I would keep him advisee!. L 



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Very truly yours, 



^ John Edg^r fiqover 

Director ■*- 



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STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



Office Memo! 



mndum • 



9. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



TO 



FROM 



THE DIRECTOR 



datbV Ame 6, 1950 



D. M. lad: 



«£ 



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^ CHARGES QP-SENATCR JOSEPH R.~ MgG aBa^GONGERNIKa//^/ 

z ^3te&RT QN^ omafn:sjs^ALi£(^LY_CT^j,jp . -^ " 

STATE DEPARTMENT 



SUBJECT: r- 



In connection with the speech of Senator McCarthy today, alleging 
that the FBI performed a function outside of its jurisdiction when it 
supplied to the^tate 

purportedly shG^ffr^Sorte^agents, Communists, Communist sympathizers and 
employed in the State Department, a check of Bureau records fails to ref 
that such a chart was transmitted to/the State Department by the Bureau 
1946 or 1947* Inquiries by Mr* Roach at the State Department developed t 
the State Department itself had made up a chart from various sources listing 
individuals under the exact breakdown given by Senator McCarthy* Mr# Nicholson, 
of the State Department, advised Mr. Roach that the inforaation from which this 
chart was compiled by the State Department came from several sources, including 
the TBI* However, at this time he was unable to advise as to which information 
came from the FBI# I 

The attached memorandum to the Attorney General has been prepared, 
reflecting the information available on this matter* 

A check is being made to determine whether the Bureau investigated 
Clarence ^N^Nelson or D^ablowdowsky, and if so, whether copies of reports 
were given toHhe State l)e^tebment« 





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ADDENDUM: 



June 7, 1950 
irehc 



AHBrtlc 



Our files reflect that ^gjurcffice Johx^ls^^lliegrapher 
of the State Department, was^i^i^igatecLunder the Hatch Act in 
1942 and under the Loyalty IJSd&ram in 19$& Copies of reports under 




the Hatch Act were sent to the' Stat e*^>artment, and under the 
Loyalty Program, to the Civil ServiW^oraBBission for transmittal to 
I the State Department, On January^? 1949, a disposition wa# /eMfcived 
Attachment frGm the ^^a 1 ^ Bsview Board that Nelson was retained* 



vid^jli 




Hie investigated one David/pfc*jlodowsky, who was employed 
with OSS, This investigation was conducted in 1943 under the Hatch 
Act# It is not known whether this is the individual referred to by 
Mr # Nicholson as D. Zablowdowsky* 



Mr. Roach is at the State Department this morning, checking 
this further, and also attempting to get concrete information to 



Q/ 



* 



t 



MEMGRAKDUM FCE THE DIRBCTCR 



to determine on what information the State Department made up its 
chart and just what information emanated from the FBI* Mr # Roach 
is endeavoring to ascertain whether the State Department may have 
used information from the Gregory Summary (forwarded to the State 
Department in March, 1946) and other information of this nature 
in drawing up its chart* 




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O&HABSES OF SESFATOR JOSEPH Ev IfcCAKPHl ^ 
GQUGifflm FBI CHART 01 COlBCtflSTS v ->^ 

&f#r«nce is made /to ;-agr i^ortodu* of June 6, 1950, ^ capii^wi ai 
above, whereia you Here inf orfced that $enator McCarthy en the Senate floor, 
June o, 1950 f stated la iubit^aci that three or four years ago th« FBI 
supplied to the Stat* 3)epsrtaumi charts and diagram* purportedly showing 
pro^Soviet iia^viduaia in the Stat* Depart»eat* V ■, 




It 'lute been determliM^ that the ittteffial used by ^x»t^ XfeCartty J 
on Jiiae 6, 1950, originated ifctoi the State BeiMMr^ftaiit ia a r^o^prepteed; 
Iqr Mr. Samuel tlaus on August 3,* 1946 j f && Mr . jweph Fanuch, a former • 
Deputy to the Assistant Secretary **r A^ixiistr^tleii. the material used 
concerning the chart the PET allegedly prepared appears en page twenty-^ne/ 
wherein it is stated, «FBI has prepared a chart mow in ike possession of 
Mr* Jtoanerman ^daich purports to show a ntal^r of 'agents, ♦ 'Communist^ 
>s^ithizers | and ^eu^ects* in the : State fop^m&i** of &*y ^3> *£4 7 * : 
£h# J^iaj^ shdss, Agents - 20^ ;*&s«apists - ~i'13*V s^ptthise*s ~ ^ ? - ;^ 



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The report oh pag* thirty ;seta forth the verbatim text of material :; 
whlc&ap^a^^ turned out that the 

FBI had produced no convincing pfrbpf that toy person was an actual agent* 
In oihexvwi^s, th^ or a violation of />;.-v 

the Foreign Agente Registration $&b ot;aimilar legislation in ahy oz&e. /; ^? 
the word 'agent' was, therefore, bei^used by the FBI or by €01^ to mean ^ 
siaply a suspect in espionage investigation, etc.* It was fuHher st&ted 
that ^Hp proof of actual Comsruniat Farty Membership has been prc^jucid by the 
FBI/ , The word Communist, thewfere, was used merely to describe cases of /, , 
such close affiliations as. to lend credence to l^otbesis that the person " ' 
in-^uestioq was a member -<--,* a •fiact';Stlll to ^|^w*tt r * \\^: <l 

\^\i^&/,.\tito statement by Senate* McCarthy that ^^m^ty the'Jg^ did not v : : >^; 

trust;! tfc* State Dep^toeitt is based on coments in the report cf jSr, Klaus, 

wfaexN»in it is stated that the FBI did not freely give information to the 

(Mef Sgtci*! Agents Office. However, the Bureau f^un^shed pi»rt 

information to another of f icial who had been designated as liaispa ^representative 

with tPf^l. I^n^^ei sv Boyldn,^ 

john^B* Fe^l^y. advised that he talked tj^Stt^.V;^!^ and inquire*^ M" 

;had &£de^the «e^^te etateneht ^^\pS|^^ ha^p?^^ t 

factj» itiw » :<*^rt in' #e.4*ion was i^ip^d %^ fiep»toaent» According 

tp^j Bc§?kiai ^^ -^dicated th^ M3€ -||fi^^ head of the 

Se<^ity:|4^io^^ chart was prepared iy 

ctf - ":"-jfcrr* Feytbit 
^De tie 



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tea H| t toyJda aMad ibat ftv Baniwnun taiad tha atatetant attriMd to 
hi* by Mr. Haiti i&d iadkatid fcr* Sliui atde * ai»rtatteent af facta tkes 
fai pnpred hia report, fh§ chii"! fbieb fit prtjared by tba State DtparUent 
wsiai a ciftiea that it ns prepared in tba lapioiietlaa Breach of tbe 
State Bepaftae&t and hut* the title* *Tep Seeret, U.S. Beparttent if State* 
Preliainiry Surrey ef tot C*a*uni»t lafiltmtieii, Prepared lay 15, 1946** 
Oi the shaft tit etyleyaea we dltided into iifiiwifmps and eategerieet 
Senator Me^artby charged tout three lamai leutiaaed, iheae aaaea appeared 
on the daart, teia aiill atployed by the State Desertaeat. fte Stair 
Departaent has beaB able to Identify ealy tee) aanely, CUuranerMLm and 
3^ba^^liJMZiiS@B. A* it «ae isdieated ii the aaaortndua of Am* 6, 1950* 
tea naat tf ftnrid Zabloidwly, ihe it $o lo&ft? alloyed by the Stat* 
Depertaeot, aay er any sat be the third pemi la tiw af the feet that he - 
was on a list tbat Senator leCerihy itippliii te Seaeter fydlaga* 






^ 



STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



Office Memorandum - united statesa government 




a 



TO 



FROM 



SUBJECT: 



The Director 



D. M. Ladd 




DATE'i 



•/K 



CHARGES OF SENATOR JOSEPH ..R. MaC4RTHY_ 
CONCERNING FBI CHART ON COMMUNISTS 
-ALLEGEDLY GIVEN INSTATE DEPARTMENT 



V 





With reference to my memorandum to you of June 6, 19 5Q> Mr. Roach 
has made a check at the State Department and obtained^ the following infoimatioiK e 

The material used by McCarthy on the floor of the Senate yesterd 
originated from the State Department in a report prepared by Mr. Samuel Klaus 




J /Ion August 3> 1946. A copy of this report is undoubtedly in the hands of Senator^ 
jf McCarthy as numerous excerpts were used in his speech yesterday. The report is u ' e 
in the fonn of a survey made by Klaus for Mr. Joseph Panuch, a former Deputy to 
the Assistant Secretary for Administration. . The material used by McCarthy from 
this report and particularly that dealing with the chart that^the FBI allegedly 
prepared appears on Page 29 (copy of report attached) and reads, "FBI has prepared 
a chart now in- the possession of Mr. Banneiman which purports to show a-number of 
'agents 1 , 'Communists 1 , 'sympathizers 1 - and 'suspects' in the State Department as 
of May l5j 1947. The tabulation shows, agents - 20, Communists - 13, sympathizers 
and suspects - 77 ." 

t~[ - ^ 

The report continues on page 30 (pages 29 and part of 30 were produced 

Iby McCarthy on^the floor although he continued to 'read from the report.) and sets 
forth the verbatim text of material appearing in the press this morning, that is-, 
"It turned out that the FBI had produced no convincing proof that any person was 
an actual agent! In other words, the FBI had made no case to show espionage or 
a violation of the Foreign Agents Registration Act or similar legislation in any 
case. The word 'agent' was, therefore, being used by; the FBI or by CON- to mean 
simply a suspect in espionage investigation and etc. 1 '; 



- 14, 



1 

II! 




"No proof^of actual Communist Party membership has been produced b^4M 
the FBI. Trie. word Communist, therefore, was used merely to describe cases of^- I 
such close affiliation's as to lend credence to hypothesis that the person in * 

question was a member 9 a fact still to be proven." y : 



n 1 



•a 



*Fhe report continues on page 31^ u The foregoing cases presumably comprised 
the total of questionable employees of eaten security category now~in the Department — 
jLaquestionable in the opinion of the FBI." The statements by Senator McCarthy that: 
the FBI did not trust the State Department has for its basis the comments of Mr. ! 
Klaus appearing on page 32 and 33 which- states in substance that the FBI did not \ 

i freely give information to the Chief Special' Agents Office when, in fact, we did , 
~ive it to Mr. Fred B. Lyon's Office. i ^ b ^ ^ ^ 







Attachme 




v . 



I Is 

] 



There are attached copies of the prepared speech used by McCarthy x 
yesterday on the floor together with a copy of pages 29 and a portion of page 30 \ 
which Senator McCarthy distributed together with his prepared speech. 

In view of the fact that Mr. Klaus made the definite statement in 
his report that the FBI had prepared a chart, Mr. Samuel ~$*j£oykin, assistant 
to Mr. Peurifoy, informed Mr. Roach he talked to Klaus and asked him why he had 
made such a statement when, in fact, the chart in question was prepared by the 
State Department and carried a very bold heading that it was so prepared. 
Klaus, according to Boykin, alibied out of this by stating that Mr. Banneiman 
| (the head of the Security Division and now with CIA) had told him, Klaus, that 
% I the chart was prepared by the FBI. Boykin further informed Mr. TLoach that 
I IBannerman denies this and that Klaus simply made a misstatement of facts when . 
llhe prepared his report. 

Mr. Roach observed the chart in question which was prepared by the 

(State Department and it was noted that it very plainly states that it was 1 
prepared in the Reproduction Branch of the State Department and carried the • 
title "Top Secret, U. S. Department of State, Preliminary Survey of the Communist 
Infiltration, Prepared May 15, 1946." The chart is approximately four by six feet 
in size and is the regular organizational chart of the State Department with 
various names written on it with lines drawn to the respective division in whifch 
the employees were working..' The employees were divided into two groups: (1) Soviet 
Underground Intelligence Connections. (2) Amerasia. There are 4 charts in all, 
each purporting to be the same but with various and different notations with J 
reference to names appearing thereon. None of the charts appeared to be a finished 
product but appeared to be work sheets. The employees are broken down into | 
categories of agents, Communists, sympathizers and suspects. Of the agents- (20) j 
and Communists (13), the State Department has compiled lists (attached). They j 
have not as yet been able to compile lists on the sympathizers (14) and suspects (77). 
They are presently working on this. 

With reference to the charges that Senator McCarthy made that three 

persons mentioned in the chart are^ still on t the rolls of the State Department, j 

they, the State ^Department, have been able to identify only, two, namely, Clarence 

*. Nelson and Serbarynfellimarascu. The name of Davic^&ablowdowsky may or may not j 

I be the third person in view of the fact that he was raa^a list, that McCarthy I 

supplied to Senator Tydings but is not now employed by the State Department. • 



ii 



The State Department is presently checking their files against the namei 
that they have to determine the inf oimation used in drawing up the chart. They 
cannot at this time state whether the information came from the FBI, from their 
own or other sources. 



Mr* Samuel S. Boykin informed Mr* Roach that the State Department 
desires to issue another press release stating in substance that the State 
Department has contacted the Bureau and the Bureau has assured them that the 
Bureau did not prepare such a chart and that the Bureau made/* evaluation placing 
the various employees in the categories named* 'Mr. Boykin wanted to know if the 
Bureau had any objections to this statement. In this regard it is believed that 
the Bureau should not make any comments, one way or the other, and we should 
refer such inquiries to the Assistant to the Attorney General Peyton Ford who 
informed the State Department yesterday that the Bureau didf not submit such a 
chart to the State Department. If you concur Mr .-Bgykinjj^ 



ii The State Department has asked that the attached report prepared by 
jKlaus entitled Survey of the Departmental Personnel Security Investigations be 
/returned to them after we have finished with it. 






1 









- 3 - 









... ^ . ^ 



2# 



A l '-l^'- AGENTS: 



/ . / . / 1. Berah, Wobdrow W (ARI) ; " 

v :,/■ .'..?/; 2. Dunaway, Philip (ORl) 

K '■! V ■"'. 3. Eastman, C. (FLC) : 

' 4. ; Greenberg, .MlcfaaeJ (ESP) 

5. Helpern, Maurice (ARI) 

6. Hilmer, Luelen (ESP) 

7. Hiss, Alger (PA) ' 

8. Keeney, Mary Jane (ESP) ^ 

9. ifrritan, David, (ESP) h 
lOvv/Leifris, James (Pp) 

11. Milleri Robert (RP>- ^' ' r 

12. Wertman, P. Bernard (ESP) 

13. Regere, Marvin (ARI) ;. : 
H. Scott, Helen (INP) . 

15. Smith, H. Boweh (ESP) 

16. Soraco, Theresa (ARI) 
17; Tobiaa, M (PLC) : : . : '\*v.; Xf;[ 

18. ValliffiaraBcu. Serban (EAI) 

19. Iheeler, Donald (EAI) -.;':■ 

20. Tbod r ilinter (OIC) 




-?■•■*':- .'-■>.' r -,- 



■■;■*■. 



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;•'■•?: 




4 > f ifG f 



r v 4 



cowvphists: 

• i^v Ghalken, FiUia» (OCD) 

! \2. Draadoff , L. (MI) 

7 3. Elchibagoff, Iran (ESP) 

N U» Hawes, Baas (OIC - NY) 

; ^5. Kinkoad, Rabin (OIC) San Francisco 

^, Lowenberg, R» (" IC - San Franciaeo) 

'. Marasani, Carl (PN) 

Bs tyal»on, Clarenca (DC) 

■^ Robinson, Jay (VSP) . ^/V • rf 

10 . ..TBj'lain Jmnjni pit) &0~M^ /^€r>"^&*^> 

\j , State Vucinich, Alexander (Eal) 

i \*. Filhel», H. (PL) 

f ' * 

I f^ij. ZabloqdowBliy, David (PH) 









^i-^aiif-n?»- 






* * 



* * 



#* 



* • 



BOM 



DO-7 



OFFICE OF DIRECTOR, FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

TO 

OFFICIAL INDI-eAT^p BELOfr BY CHECK MARK 

Mr. Tolson 
Mr. Clegg 
Mr. Glavin 

Mr. Ladd _ 
Mr. Nichols 

Rosen 

Tracy 



Gurnea 
Hart>o 



Mr 

Mr 

Mr 

Mr 

Mr. Belmont 

Mr. Mohr 

Mr. Nease 

Miss Ga 




Ax-^^wv^wt 




See Me 

Note and Return 

For Your Recommendation ( ) 

What are the facts? ( ) 

Remarks : 



/ / __. 

" 4 

__ v 



REKARKS MADE ON SENATE FLOOR BY SENATOR JOE McCARTHY - June 6, 1950 

ss&ry ■ 

As the Senate will recall nearly Tour months ago, I gave it a 
brief* resume of what was in the files on some 81 individuals. At that 
time I carefully explained to the Senate that there would be no way for 
me to reproduce for it on any of those individuals all of the material 
contained in the files* I explained, as the Senate knows, that those 
files have been worked up over a period of years by thousands of trained 
investigators at a cost of millions of dollars to the American people. 

At the time I made that talk one of the Senators suggested that X 
should not give the Senate this information unless and until I could 
individually produce all of the proof in the files. T7ith this I dis- 
agreed. I felt that knowing the extremely dangerous nature f 'of the mat- 
erial in the files, I had a duty to bring this information to the atten- 
tion of the Senate. 

No man could at this time duplicate and bring together all of the 
vast amount of information painstakingly gathered by the F.B.I. , the 
C.I. A., Army Intelligence, Navy Intelligence, etc. Therefore, I was 
faced with the choice of giving the Senate the information in the files, 
knowing that it would be difficult beyond words to prove the charges un- 
less the President would cooperate with the Congress and make available 
to it all of the necessary files. 

Since that time, the Administration, with the benefit of its entire 
paid press staff, has concentrated on trying to convince the American 
people that unless I, without the benefit of the files, can prove the 
charges which were based almost solely upon those files that then there 
are no disloyal people in government. 

I have some information today of a nature which I think should 
be of considerable interest to the Senate. It is based upon State De- 
partment files. It is information which has never been brought to the 
Senate or to the American people. 

We find that about 3 or 4 years ago, I say 3 or 4 because the 
file refers to the date of May 15, 1947 — however, my information in- 
dicates that this may be a typographical error and should be Hay 15, 
194-6 — however, for the time being we will refer to it as 1947 — 
we find on that date the F«B.I. performed a function which 'ab- far as I 
know they have never performed since, Apparently Hbecoming disturbed 



* » 



«I^O>i? 



-2- - 

by the situation in "the State Department, the Bureau sent over to the 
State Department on that date a detailed chart listing what they con- 
sidered as Soviet agents, communists, communist sympathizers, and suspects 
As far as I know this is the only time that the F.B.I, has attempted to 
evaluate the material gathered by it; otherwise, it has been as you know 
merely a fact finding body, submitting the proof to the Attorney General 
or to whoever else required it. 

The submission of the list of Soviet agents, communists, etc., 
to the State Department by the F.B.I* met with such little favorable 
activity on the part of the State Department that as far as I know the 
Bureau has never submitted a like chart since that date* 

I have photostated page 29 and part of page 30 of the report, which 
shed some light on this chart. It shows for example on May 15, 194-7, 
there were in the State Department a total of 124- agents, communists, 
sympathizers, and suspects, in the opinion of the F.B.I. During 
the two months period between the time that chart was submitted by 
the F* B. I. and the time this report was made, only IS of these in- 
dividuals were gotten rid of, leaving in the State Department 106 whom 
the F. B. I. had named. 

You will note that at the time this report was made there were 
on the payroll of the State Department, according to the F. B« I.'s 
evaluation of the information in its own files, 11 agents, 10 communists, 
11 sympathizers, and 74 suspects, making a total of 106. Normally it 
could be assumed that the least that the State Department would have done 
when they were notified by the F. B* I. on Kay 15, 1947, that the State 
Department had on its payroll 20 communist agents, that the least it would 
have done would be to suspend all of those men, pending a complete and 
thorough Investigation. Certainly there was no reasoju^inf* ^ ' -*&*z r- 1£4 
named by the F. B. I should be found on the S^ate Department's payroll 

two months later. ■ 

./ 
With that lack of interest on the part >pf the State Department 

it is understandable why the F. Bo I. be caif disgusted with the Depart- 

ment a Incidentally, this report also show jiat the f« B. I. did not 

furnish all of its information in regard to suspected individuals to the 

Department, apparently not trusting the State Department to that extent, 

which Is certainly understandable when they found the Department failed to ^ 

discharge communist agents named by the Bureau. , / ' 



• ♦ 



-3- 

It should be mentioned that the report points out that the 
F. B. I. did not produce for the benefit of the State Department legal 
cases of espionage covering those listed as agent s. It also points 
out that no proof of actual communist party membership was produced by 
the Bureau on those listed as communists. It was a case of the Bureau 
evaluating the information which it had obtained and deciding they were 
communists, agents, etc. 

At least 3 of those listed as communist agents by the F* Bo I« 
three years ago are still holding high positions in the State Department. 
For any one who says McCarthy must give the proof that those men are 
communist agents, let me tell you now that will be impossible for me 
individually to do. I am willing to rely upon the evaluation made of 
those individuals by the F« B« I. When the Bureau sendsa chart to the 
State Department saying these men are agents of the communist party, I 
am satisfied that they unquestionably either are agents or so close to 
the category of agents, that under no circumstances should they be retained 
in the Department. 

The Senate will note that the number listed by the F. B. I* as 
agents, communists, suspects, etc., and retained by the State Department 
was 106. The Senate will also recall that I first gave the committee 
81 names and later on an additional 25, making a total of 106. I want to 
make it clear, hoxvever, that the fact the State Department retained 1C6 
named by the F. B. I. and the fact that I gave the committee a list of 
106 is merely a coincidence. The 106 names on the F* B. I* list are 
not identical to the 106 names which I gave to the committee. The 3 
mentioned whom the F. B« I. labeled as communist agents and who are 
still in the State Department are, of course, on the Bureau's list and 
on my list* 

Let me make it clear when I point out that 3 o£ the individuals 
listed as agents by the F* B. I* are still working in the State Department - 
that this means a minimum of 3* It will be impossible for me to give you 
the total number at this time. You will note that I am not discussing the 
number listed by the F. B. I. as communists, sympathizers and suspects 
>?rho are still working in the Department. I hope to be able to give the 



(.'■ M \J 



^f/ 



% 



Senate a complete picture of how many of the total of 106 agents, Communist 
sympathizers, etc., are still on the State Department's payroll and in what, 
if any, branch of the government those who xrere permitted to resign are 
still working. 

The names of those 3 whom the Bureau said were agents on May 15, 
1947 and are still in the Department, are available to the Senate or to 
the committee. Those names are included among the 106 names that I gave 
to the committee. 

If the committee desires more specific information as to those 
3 agents it may have it. However, I think it would be reasonable to insist 
that the committee subpoena and obtain the F.B.I, chart mentioned in 
this report and then investigate not merely the 3 that I have been able 
to run down, but the entire 106 the Department insisted on retaining and 
also find out where the 18 who were allowed to resign are now employedo 

And keep in mind, those men listed as Communist agents were listed 
as such by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The proof was not dug 
up by McCarthy. The proof was dug up by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 

And in my book when the Federal Bureau of Investigation says these 
men are Communist agents — when the F.B.I, sends over a formal report 
to the State Department saying we have the evidence; those man are Soviet 
agents of Communist Russia, that to me is proof. In my book that is proof 
despite all the screaming and squealing of those who say, "McCarthy you should 
not expose them because you are injuring those poor people; you are 
smearing them. t! 



A 




DECLASSIFICATIOH AUTHORITY DERIVED FROH; ^ * ' ^ ~^W 

FBI AUTOMATIC DECLASSIFICATIOH GUIDE , • « Q 

DATE 05-20-2013 . ' ; ~ "W <ryr**~5JP 

J63J35T8S 98oOiL M 

±s considerable doubt whether the report was really 
derogatory on a security basis, 

TJhile this does not apply to Departmental personnel, 
the fact should be noted as demonstrating a further reli— - 
ance upon FBI by the Department. Presumably, this check 
is made by FBI as a matter of accommodation, not of duty* 
Mo control us exercised by the Department over the inves- 
tigation. 

( e) It is important to note that the Department is en- 
tirely and practically exclusively dependent on FBI for 
the type of information which comes from surveillance, 
wide coverage, and the use of unusual methods of interro- 
gation and investigation. CSA appears to have neither the 
experience nor the facilities to do that type of work and 
it is apparently not used by any one in that type of work* 
FBI is the sole repository of such information, therefore, 
as the identity of Communist Party members, of sympath- 
izers and fellow travelers, of espionage cases, and of 
undisclosed foreign agents. 

(d) FBI has prepared a chart, now in the possession of 
2name blanked out/ which purports to show a number of "agents", 
"Communists", "sympathizers", and "suspects" in the State 
Department as of May 15, 1947* The tabulation shows 

Agents 20 

Communists — ■ 13 

Sympathizers — 14 

Suspe ct s 77 



■30- 




^words blanked out/ states that by July 12 (the date of my interview), 
the number had been reduced to the following: 

Agents -. 11 

Communists- 10 

Sympathizers— 11 

Suspects — about — 74 

Since a considerable number of the persons ,so character- 
ized came with the interim agencies, such as FEA, 0171, and OSS, 
continued reduction in force might dispose of more of these. 



>/ 



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/£ J^nerahle Millard M^ydings A D >^ 

': United State* Senate ?..'.- ;>/v- . ■ jftiP* —• 

Thi* i$ in reply to yow* letter ^^o 
have asked for the production before your Subcommittee of the inveeti* 
gative file* relating to [.ihpee Oover ment employee* who <xre or ham. been 
employed in 'the : pepartmeni* ■oj^rmtelamt again* t -ishont charge* cf dieloyal 
have been made- before - your] suhcormitiee^ by Senator Isc^arthy* ' The .queeti 
r&ieed by your 'request ie '&■ qm&tim of grave concern* and i^-'ftaue ' given ■ 
very car eful consideration to the reason** contained . £#t*#tnu " 

; Xh March of 1946 £ i$eue& a directive to dll officer* and employe^ 
in the jesecu.it ye branch of the ^cuernnent directing that all report** * 
recent** and file* relating to the M^plcyee loyalty Ir^gran be kept in ^ 
strict confidence* even in instance* where >mhpena& were- received* A* pi 



know;, thi* decieim wa* clearly within my power to make, and I Hade it <* 

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J only after the >%oet careful consideration and after 1 -had' satisfied ®y*e£ 

■■■'.' . . . -'_'-•*...' ■■."'■■' ■' - ■ - ■- ■ i- 

beyond any doubt that any other deciei on would, have reeulted in the /.£ 
$/■ collapse of the Loyalty Program ■•itself and mould have rendered it a vairt 

■ -■ ■ - / ;. . : . . * ' : . ■-.,■ . -/■ ■ -■■■■■ - fc 

and u*elee* gesture* At that time 1 ■ioeued a releaee in mhtch J pointed 
out the long standing precedents regarding ih# production of conf identic^ 
.file* and ; 'th#: reasans for/^y decision* ' I referred* amng vther' thins** g 
to a letter ffmjormr Attorney General Robert #, Jackson, dated -'Aprtl') 
' : ;'-\ .^p*-: i ^hi i0 ^ h ^' cn Mrjnan:-a/'th^. L'cuie. Committee an ' ttawl-Affairgy--. ■ ■■ 
ddolirting to furnish that Cotmitteo with mrtain riper t# of the I'ftd^ral 



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' ■' '• ■*. . 



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Chairman of the Lbyaity tteview Board, to give their a&refut eomideraMen t 

thie matter* they have unanimously advised me that disclosure of loypltff 

/lie* mould /bo. obhtrary to ths pubiio : ''imtpr*&*: s«cf iwnldt 4© *«#& »©r* &a**ii 

tfcam good. } The Mr«®4&r of the Federal Bwredu, #f Invpsttg&fian in a rsport 

to? the Attorney General has outlined the very serious consequences $fimi,".., 

would result from any suth disel&eur**^ TI10 pireotor of the Federal 

Burmu of Invsstigo^im states -v-V: ;:.'".•*•■ •-'■> *. :/ : F.- 

2*. '*»• j>l*&Ui> disalosurs of FBt report* mill reveal in*' 
i****i£a*i#» ^tattftirti <M*tf ttoAnl^utt * If publicised p 
criminals, foreign agents, subversives^ and others mould 
; *&¥#&* forewarned and «*«* «>ay* *&.£ **an* to Mtrrif du* 
tAafir tfotftfiiie*, i*tt# avoiding detection and hampering 
the efficiency of an investigative agency. The underground 
operations of criminals and subversives already are most 
4*//* cul t of deteoti on atid X do net believe the seourity 
Of the natien mould be furthered by applying any additional 
shackles to the -TBI* _■ /;:: --V . 

M* For ike past 25 years, the FBI has repreoented to the 
American publie that the FBI muld maintain their eah<* 
fi&enaee. to make public FBI reports would be to break / 
confidences and persons interviewed in the future night 
be even more reluotdnt to furpieh in^ reoent 

months, en numereus occasions + some eiti*ens, ehirking 
their r*speneibility^ have refuted t* furnish information* 
;■ on the" grounds that ;i* might be misused and have gone $0 
far a* to decline to furnish information, even in applicant 
imvfstigatiensfi claiming they mould do so only if fereed 
: iV/" •• ;V by a subpoena. . '-■;'•■ : \ A .'_"■/ '.y. -['-■ '-,'" ■■';:;";"'."■ 

3* A publiQ diselesMr* of TBI report* would reveal the identity 
*f souroe* of informtiah and in some cases &t leasts would 
place in jeopardy the live* ef confidential source* of in- 

4* PisalQsur* of information c but* ined in FBZ reperfs night 
, , result in an t%jus$iee to inn0oent individuals, who find 

thomsel&e* entwined in a web of suspicious circumstance s f 
which oan be explained only by further investigation, and 
disclosures might bs mads under circumstances tfiich would 
deny the aggrievsd to publicly state their positions* 



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#pi4tne#, or permit *&#& ^ j^t# tftt #0¥n*r"y* 

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and $mpX*t& frtu^iiyatian, and ** |# *# purpoee *p cooperate vtih your 
Sub~cQimitte* to the gre$te$t extent poesible^ bearing in uind at all times 
fcj? re*p$MiHliiy t$ tak$ ear* thut i&# inv***i;&tltt* actit/iti*$ and: 
*ffi0i*ncy 0f th* Fedtr&l j$ur$m &f $mm*i>igm*tm rtmin unimpaired, iAat 
<nna#fnt . pMpl#r«^b#i& tftOMMr >ikj:#»* i-iur*»i2tfaii»A- on4 ±$0#& whe have provided 
infQrwUm~~n*t be unnecessarily * pr*jw$tQ*& s and tkai t &# #//*** tt/#ne«i 
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%& km* tk* M&art£ arrange for &-:6*np£fp*. -and detailed rtviev a* *#<m at 
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#*i*r iSfti6-o«ninit*e€ ^includ^n^f a r#-rtajfti nation a/ eueh &**** heretofore 
reviewed hy the Board), and fca## '-?•*** -fcf* «a $i*Mr nt 'a./iili; «iMl«fimfri#t9 
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OFFICE OF DIRECTOR, FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 



OFFICIAL I 



Mr. Tolson 
Mr, Clegg 
Mr. Glavin 
Mr . Ladd 
Mr. Nichols 
Mr. Rosen 
Mr. Tracy 
Mr . Gurnea 
Mr. Harbo 
Mr. Belmont 
Mr. Mohr _ 
Mr. Nease 
Miss Gandy 



See Me , *. 

Note and Return 




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For Your Becommendation( ) 

What are the facte? ( ) 
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"Of Course You Know the Account Isn't 'in My Name* 




Ives 



The Artful Dodger ' 

WASHINGTON 
TRUTH IS OFTEN COMPLEX. \ An untruth, on the 
other hand, can be made easy to understand, and can be. 
tailored to fit the headlines. This is one of the major 
secrets of the technique of the artful dodger, Sen. Joe 
McCarthy. 

Consider his latest thunderbolt hurled at the State 
Department. McCarthy produces a photostat, 1 which in- 
cludes a "chart" of subversive's in the State Department, 
ostensibly provided for the department 
by the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
in 1946. 

Twenty "Russian agents," as weH 
as large numbers of other subversives, 
are named in the chart. McCarthy as- 
serts — and no one denies it — that at 
least three of these "Russian agents" 
are still employed in the State Depart- 
ment. 

McCarthy waves his photostats and 
shouts that if the FBI says so, "that 
to me is proof ... despite all the 
screaming and yelling." 
Heads are shaken. Even some of McCarthy's 'more 
sensible colleagues, like Sen. Irving Ives,- are impressed. 
And although it can be demonstrated that this is just an- 
other dollop of McCarthy's poisonous nonsense, it is hope- 
less to expect this fact to catch up with the original dis- 
tortion. . 

The photostats McCarthy waved, on the Senate floor 
consisted of about a page and a half of a, report of more 
than 100 pages prepared within the State Department 
in 1946. . ., '>■■'.■ 

• . • • . ■ • 

THE HISTORY OF thisj^port is interesting. It was 
prepared on orders of Josep^^anuch,^then-iri charge of 
the State Department's security -branch, by one of Pa- 
nuch's assistants, SamuerJjKlaus. Panuch ordered this 
over-all report for a simple, reason — the whole State 
Department security setup was in a frightful mess. 

Security agents had been recruited helter-skelter, with 
little regard for ability or experience. Thus! the security 
branch was staffed with a gaggle of amateur Hawkshaws. 
They spent their time spying on each other and on high 
officials whom they happened to dislike. 

Three of these Hawkshaws were particularly incompe- 
tent, and particularly eager r to make a name for them- 
selves. These three put their heads together and' pro- 
duced^the s chart p£ .^hi.ch MeCacthy is new the- proud 
possessor. They dredged up the names of 124 State De- 
partment employes, and on the basis of the kind of tittle- 
tattle and poison-pen venom which always comes, into 
the possession of any security agency, they^divided these 
names arbitrarily into four categories — "Russian agent," 
"Communist," "sympathizer" and "subversive." 

When Klaus was. gathering material for his report, he 
came upon this chart; He asked the men- who had pre- 

FV -— , pared it where they got it; and, perhaps 

because they regretted their over- 
eagerness, he was assured that it had ■ 
been provided by the FBI. 

Iiygood faith, Klaus' included this 
statement in his report to Panuch. He 
also included in his report some pretty 
scathing criticism of the FBI, which 
presumably sprang from his belief that 
the FBI had been, responsible for this 
fantastically amateurish "evaluation.'? 
M The FBI had, nothing, to do with 

Hoover • the chartt . which wag strictly the brain. 

child of the eager beavers in the State Department. 

If this were not the case, McCarthy's revelation would 
be highly embarrassing to the FBI's Jl Edgar Hoover, 
whom McCarthy professes to admire intensely. Hoover 
has repeatedly stated that the FBI never evaluates infor- 
mation. 

The chart did "contain the names of some genuine 
security risks, who" were subsequently discharged or al- 
lowed, .-to resign. Many of the others "were found, after 
exhaustive investigation, to be entirely innocent. 



AS FOR THE THREE amateur Hawkshaws, all three 
were soon eased out 'of the security branch. It is an inter- 
esting footnote, to the whole affair that it was these three 
who prepared the "derogatory"- report on their own supe- 
rior, Panuch, after tapping Panuch's telephone wires. 
This report explains why, in McCarthy's original list of 
. 81 Communists, Panuch figures as a hero in Case No. 14 
I (for firing suspected .homosexuals) and as a potential 
? subversive in Case 41. l ' , - 

That.is_.the real story, of McCarthy's thunderbolt. The^ 
trouble is- that the story is a, trifle complicated arid can-' 
not be crowded into headlines. . :.„•■ 

The fact that the FBI had nothing to do with the chart, 
a fact which McCarthy himself could easily have ascer- 
tained by the simple expedient of a telephone call, is lost 
in the shuffle. '. 4 "'"""■ : 

And. the further fact, .that .McCarthy's whole case 
-therefore crumbles into just so much more poisonous 
nonsense is lost also. So this must be considered another 
round' for McCarthy.' " * ' ' ' ?" ' '/_ 

Yet others have tried the game of playing the Ameri- 
can people for boobs before',' and' failed' in the end. There 
are now, at last, beginning, to be signs that -this will 
happen again. . . i • - *•■'_" 




Irving Pf laum 





Eleanor Roosevelt 




Norway's F.D.R. Statue Is Tribute to U.S. 

. , . , ■ OSLO, NORWAY 

THE CROWD waiting for the king and the royal party 
to arrive for the/ ceremonies of unveiling the monument 
to Franklin D. Roosevelt was large and enthusiastic. As ' 
I stood listening to our national anthem, I realized anew 
what a beautiful site has been chosen for this statue. It 
stands over the quayside looking down the 'fjord. The 
speeches were fine and warm and I think there was a full 
realization . by all the people present that this statue 
» - symbolizes ;.heir gratitude not to one 
|-^man ..alcne,4b'ut to the peoplc^ofr-the 
United States of America, to President 
Truman and Congress. ,Arid to the 
ideals for which they stand — continu- 
ing to give cooperation and support to 
attain peace and justice which men in. 
the United, States military services 
fought for during the late war, side 
by side with . their allies. . 

On Tuesday morning we did some 
sight-seeing while Elliot and the chil- 
. Mrs. Roosevelt ^ren did a little shopping for me as 
well as for themselves, choosing some distinctive Nor- 
wegian handicraft, work as souvenirs. 

I have been sent a very beautiful book by Mr. Halfdan 
Arenberg on the Norwegian folkcfaft which I am de- 
. lighted to have. Also a book on cooperatives in Norway 
by O. B. Grimley which I am sure will be a valuable back- 
ground for understanding the economy. of this nation. 

"The sight-seeing was extremely interesting. We 
saw the old Viking ships which were found buried in clay 
and remarkably well preserved. One with beautifully 
carved bow and stem was evidently used by a queen. 
In those days the custom was apparently to build a kind 
of house behind the mast and bury the dead king or queen, 
surrounded by the royal household possessions, in the 
ship. When you look "at these open ships and* their oars 
you wonder how they ever reached Greenland and the 
coast of North America. You wonder, in fact, how these 
men built such strong and beautiful ships With the few 
tools they had at that time. '.,.'- 

• • * . _ '_ N 

WE SAW also a church which has recently been 
renovated after being closed for a year and a half. This 
is now the cathedral. The carvings on the altar and, the 
pulpit and around the organ are of the somewhat baroque 
period but extremely interesting and beautiful. The 
modern frescoed ceiling, the modern glass, and the great 
bronze doors are very fine. - There* is an old stone em- 
bedded at the right side of the door which is very. ancient 
carving, arid, much of the .stone used in building the 
v church came from the old church which dated back a 
great many hundreds of years. ^ . 

This is the celebration of the 900th year since the 
founding of the city of Oslo, and sovthey have an exhibit 
of the shipping which has existed in the city from the 
earliest days. It is interesting to see the models of the. 
Viking ships, the old sailing ships and the gradual change 
to the ships of today, with ..their modern machinery and 
equipment. - * , • * -a 

* „ Half of the Norwegian merchant marine was destroyed 
in the last/war, but they are=back again in their place as * 
the third largest * merchant iriarine force in the world. " 
Six thousand of their sattors dieU in the war. Today 
there is a Jack of personnel .in .the service,: so they are * 
trying to encourage young people ; to* enter' the navy. 
And indeed it is, a very worthwhile ..career. In many* 
parts of the world they, maintain homes for, Norwegian 
sailors. " ' : 



McCarthy 



McCarthy and the Smear 

THE "PHONEY 'LIBERAL' PRESS" is, according to 
Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.), "smearing" him. 

. The dictionary defines "smear," in the sense McCarthy 
means as" "to befoul, obscure, obliterate and defame-. . ." 

My objective today is the opposite. I wish to clarify 
the senator's Friday speech in Milwaukee. 

McCarthy blamed Sec. of State Dean Acheson for 
our $90 million loan to Poland in April, 
1946. Appealing, I judge, to Mid- 
western Polish-Americans, McCarthy 
charged: 

.- It was Acheson who placed the 
guns, the whips, the blacksnakes and 
the clubs in the hands of those Com. 
munists. It was Mr. Acheson who fur- 
nished them with bullets to keep a 
Christian population under Soviet dis- 
cipline . . ', who helped put uniforms 
on the masters of prostrate Poland." 

For $50 million of pur 1946 loan, 
McCarthy explained, had been made available for Poland 
to buy. surplus U.S! war property abroad. The other 
$40 million was for the specific purchase of locomotives 
and coal cars, to move Poland's surplus coal to other 
countries then terribly in need of it. 

In return for this loan, Poland's 1946 coalition gov- 
ernriient pledged "free and unfettered elections" which, 
if held, were -expected to reduce Communist influence. 
Elections were held, but the Communists gradually 
dominated the country+anyway. 

So Acheson, then Undersecretary of State, can reason- 
ably be charged with exchanging cash for useless 
promises. James Byrnes, then Secretary of State, and 
President-Truman shared the mistake. But do the facts 
justify McCarthy's charge that "Acheson placed guns,* 
etc.', in the hands of (Poland's) Communists"? 

They. do not. McCarthy's words constitute the kind 
of, "smear" that McCarthy claims is directed at him. 

For Soviet Russia was "in 1946, as she is today, quite 
capable .of arming 'Poland's Communists without our 
assistance. The. loan which Acheson approved was in- 
tended to reduce Soviet-Communist power in Poland, not 
to extend it. 

• • • ■_"■.■■ 

TO ACCUSE A MAN OF doing the opposite of what 
he 'intended is to "befoul, obscure, obliterate and defame." 

McCarthy might have said that in 1946 Acheson had 
been mistaken, and was deceived. But McCarthy used 
typical Communist-Fascist smear tactics.^ r _. , . ;, ., ,„, 

"Fascists and- .Communists always whine that they 
are victims of the methods they regularly employ against 
others.. So, apparently, does Sen. McCarthy. 



John Dreiske 




Postcard Electioneering > ; - 

IF YOU. HAVE THE DDEA that Municipal Judge 

, John Gutknecht is not campaigning actively as the 

Democratic nominee for probate judge in Cook County 

just: because he is oh a' European tour, dismiss the 

thought, .-.-'....*■-:.--*■ - : ■ 

.The judge is . continually postcarding precinct cap- 
tains back home in Cook, and it's all according. to plan* 
From Rome, the captains who are of Italian extraction 
or operate in. Italian- American population centers hear 
from the judge.,. '- 

From Israel, the cards go winging 
to the .captains of the Jewish faith. 
■ And so it goes. It would be hard to 
find a spot on or near the continent 
where some Chicago race group would" 
not have • a- homeland tie. And- the 
judge knows his Chicago. 

• • *■••-.-. 
THE COOK COUNTY, PROGRES- 
SIVES will meet to nominate candi- 
dates on June 19. Shortly .thereafter r , , 
they. will, launch a drive for the nee- <jutknectit 
essary 115,000 signatures Ori petitions for* a place on 
the ballot: for county offices. -'\ - 

'.. -Normally, the, job pf judging whether the petitions 
are acceptable Is up to .an electoral board composed 
-of the- state's attorney; county clerk. arid county- judge. 
But County „ Judge Edmund K. Jareckt and Clerk Richard 
J. .Daley are candidates for re-election -and so the 
law says they - cannot serve; They must give way to 
the two senior Circuit Court Judges. 

^From the Progressive ,point of view, this doesn't 
afford "any great relief." The two judges would also 
be Democrats. The oldest Circuit judge, in point of 
service is Democrat Kickham Scanldn. '. Tied for second 
in. seniority are Harry , Fisher and Thomas J. Lynclv 
Fisher has, served on electoral boards .before. 

■».■■■''*;*.-*.- 

IMPORTANCE OF THIS party affiliation, of course, 
has to do with the 5 general belief aihong politicians 
that Democrats would rather the Progressives were not 
on tiie ballot* and that Republicans would rather they 
were: Presumably the citizen who would vote for a 
Progressive candidate would be inclined to vote Demo- 
.cratfc if he had no other place to go on the ballot. 




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Mr* D. M. I£dd 


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^EXECUTIVE BRANCH ,: U; v-s^- GOVERNMENT. ' ": , ' 

(Names'iideniif ied ty Senator McCarthy) 

i li>YALTI-OF GOVjiSNMENT EMPLOYEES •-',';. I 





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To /r.econime^,,\1^t'i£e attached -'ZDe.iDor'ibdum concerning toe individuals 
", ; ^^ identified^ tj7 Senator itcCarthjr before^ the Tiydings ^bcon^ttee be forwarded to " 
Mr; ■pgytpn-'Foird -par%iant' : ^^ 
> '^ of information in the Bureau* sf^^^ 
\'-M' these perspnsltd- the Department vbf State; ^: : ,*..;■■' "v? ';'•: v*'';/-V-- ;;;.v : ^ v ; :- '. \,V K * :: :" : 

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> V ; Tbu wi^ recall that in iqy'^ 1950,; which is. attached, 

/"I; pointed ou^,^ evening of May 9, 

:1950,' wd;; ,names of^the .81 individuals named in the" 

;7 -^bpoe^ Peyton 6 Frfrd had been 

:>£ <j in coherence all afternoon isdth Senator Tydihgs^j that senator ^dihgs insists ^-^ 
fS[ ■■% 'that he wants a letter signed by the Attorney General ;H^ reports 

: '$$■. ^ .':■ on loyalty feases sent to the; Ci^l;-Servi^ as well as, inf ormation on 

7 | the; individu^ ii^uiry* loyalty investigations; 

*^|: but which fe^e discqntijiu^upon receipt of inf on^tion : that the eioployee>s had. left] 
^ | , the government js^vice; Palmer further indicated Tydings also desired* any cases ;/| 
;: J Where no investigation was condi^ted because no derogatory inf prmatibh was avail- | 
\|^; able be listed. According, to pklifier, Senator T^rdings suggested that a, cutoff date f 
%^ of Februaiy ^^^ listed thereafter; palmer was ■'}. 

;- -^ advised by me that the Bureau would hot prepare any such list until we received; -N, 
- : *,, a .^morandum froa:the i)^art^ it was; that the ;[. 

l }' : : k ( ; pepartioent wanted; It was; also suggested that the Bureau- not use a cutoff date* j: 
; ; but include everything lib to the present time* Yoh hbt^ 

;V v The attached a^BDrandum <^t^ May 10 f . 1950, frovi P^on'i^rd^reque^ts j> 

!V : the following speci Ac, 1^ names indluded on ^ the ''subpoena"' 

,"' ; ^st received ^from ; the; Sez^ The Attorney General wishes to prepare 

-./; a letter to Senator tydihgs listing ftrst:%6s® iM^ on whom j 

^ : v,\' Ic^alty investigations were conducted^ attaching copies 6f the ;Boreau*s transmittal 
;■■' ; ; letters f br . memoranda^ to; the Civil ; Service Cpa^ further^ ih;cases Hhevei a > 

Toi^o n- -loy altylinveisUffltl never institirt^^is^se'pr the absence ^f.derogfiitory; 4 

ua a-:"'- inf ormation ; in the "Bureau J a files or because it^ was learned prior to the institii tio; 
of the investigation that the ihSiid^dual had- left %he service^ or ^ere ;investiga^ 



Glavlu 
Nichols; 

Ifidsen 

[Tracy. 

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a^Jblpns ",»ere ^ institute! b ut later* discontinued^ beisfa^eithe individuals left the 
is^service, informtion isf U6yiff(Hl ^M#fi&^.t i«r|cnspir^d in this* respect, : Peyton 



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Ford further pointed out that there may have been, with regard to some of these 
individuals, memoranda forwarded to the State, Department prior to, during, or 
following the loyalty investigation, or in cases in which no loyalty investiga- \ 
tion has been made. He stated it is desired that the Bureau make appropriate 
identifying reference to any such memoranda* Peyton Ford, as indicated above, 
stated it is not necessary to include any material submitted subsequent to 
February 20, 1950. 

All references in the Bureau 's^files have been reviewed concerning the 
names set forth on the "subpoena" list furnished by Clive Palmer, together with 
other individuals who have been identified by Senator McCarthy, and the information 
requested by the Department has been set forth in the attached memorandum dated 
toy 15, 1950, to Mr. Peyton Ford. 

You will observe that the material being furnished to the Department is [ 
divided into Parts I, II, and III, Part I pertains to the individuals identified 
on the "subpoena" list. In Part II, there is furnished for the Department's infor- 
mation material relating to additional individuals not identified on the "subpoena" i 
list, but who were identified previously by Seth W. Richardson in a letter to the 
Bureau dated April 5, 1950. Part III consists of photostatic copies of transmittal 
letters requested by the Department. 

In connection with the review of our files, in addition to reports and 
memoranda specifically relating to the individuals identified on the subpoena list,' 
it was found that collateral references to these individuals were located in other 
reports and commonications transmitted to the Department of State in some instances. 
As a general rule, these incidental references have not been included in the 
memorandum to the Department. In this same connection, you will recall that in 
the past confidential memoranda have been supplied to the IJepartment of State in 
connection with the Gregory case, as well as investigation concerning underground 
Communist activities of government employees. In these memoranda in many instances, 
numerous individuals were involved and information from Highly confidential sources 
was included. In such memoranda, where one of the persons named by McCarthy is 
mentioned collaterally, we have not listed the Gregory summary or the summary on 
the underground Communist activities of government employees, since it is felt 
that to do so would undoubtedly cause the Subcommittee to request copies of the 
confidential memoranda which at the time were not specifically given to the State 
Department regarding the individuals concerned with this request. 

The review of the references on the individuals in question also revealed 
in various instances oral information had been furnished to the Department of State. 
This oral dissemination of information has been noted in the memorandum to Peyton l \ : 
f»rd inftemch as it may have been made a natter of record in the files of the y ; 
State Department. For us to delete such information might create an erroneous 
impression that the Bureau is withholding material, 

ACTION ; 

Uiat the attached memorandum be fcrwarded to Mr. Peyton *ord. 



- 2 - 



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5:38 PM 




MEMORANDUM FOR MR. TOLSON 

MR. LADD 
MR. NICHOLS 

I called Peyton Ford and told Ixlm tha StaterDepartmeat had 
identified out of th« three pereone previouely mentioned; that of courae 
thia wai a peculation but they believed ha waa Clarence ^fWalaoti. X 
atatad I had not hoard of him* that ha waa a teletype operator sad la on 
the rolle of the State Department at the preaent time* t aleo informed 
Mr* F^ that it waa poaaihla that tha eecond individual could ha 
DavlffiZahlowdowoky who ta no longer on tha rolla of the State Dapartmant* 
I further adviaed that they had no Idea who tha third individual waa tad 
that thi* waa the heat information thay had at tha preaent time. However, 
I atatad tha Stat* Dapartment doea admit there ia a chart of the character 
McCarthy ia talking about. 



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DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



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MAY 20, 1950 
No,. • 52 £ 



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■ ; . CAUTION "' 

FUTU^E.RELEA: 
. MOTE DATE 



-gQgtlRgliEASE AT 7:00 J\Mo_, E^D.T,, SA TURDAY , MAY 20, 1950 
' -..<SC«rr* NOT TO BE PREVIO USLY PUBLIS HED, QUOTED FROM OR 
USED IN ANY "WAY e " ' " 



The Department of State today made public the f e&iowing ^^Sk&f^ 
analysis of the speech delivered by Senator Joseph R. McCa&tj^^ in, 
Chicago., May 6, 1950, on "Communism in Government"; 



2, 



to the Department of 
Tydings Subcommittee 




!• Senator McCarthy said at Chicago? Senator McCarthy referr<*&j \ A ^^. 

Sta'te^s files being examined by the / &$.& V v l 
_ as "skinny-ribbed bones of the files i^V " ^ ' 

"skeleton files"; "These" purged .files" ; "phony files"; "19^7 ^ 



^ 



and '48 files instead of 19^9 and ! 50", ^ 

The Facts . The files transmitted to the Tydings Sub- 
corrfmittee are 'the full and complete .State Department files 
current as of the date transmitted. They, contain all informa- 
tion relevant to the determination of employee loyalty or 
security; Under the Federal Employees Loyalty Program., the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation is the agency charged With 
responsibility for conducting investigations into the loyalty 
of State Department personnel, 

A representative of the Department of Justice has been 
present at the meetings of the Tydings Subcommittee. The 
files were viewed by a representative of the Department of 
Justice before they were turned ever t : o the Subcommittee „ The 
files made available to the Subcommittee contain the material 
collected by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and trans- 
mitted to the State Department. 

Senator M cCarthy sai d in Chicago ? "Now from page 37 of the 
House Report I quote the following: , „. .almost anyone and 
everyone in the State Department had access to the files 



The Facts . The report to which Senator McCarthy referred 
is a report of the House Appropriations Committee investigators, 
dated January 27* 19^8, which accompanied the list of 108 
cases which were the basis pf Senator McCarthy's speech of 
February 20 5 1950. Senator McCarthy misquoted this report. 



The report said 



most everyone 



Division has access to the files 




d anyone in the 



1$^ 



The Division that the House investigators were talking 
about was the Division of Security* That is the division ' 
charged with the physical and personnel security program, of - 
the Department and the Foreign Service,' and it is therefore 
essential that its staff have access to the fileg when needed 



•A 



^ 



Senator 







2- 



nzs 



Senator McCarthy, by substituting "the State Department" for 
"the Division of Security",, crudely misquotes the language of 
the report in order to give an entirely false impression: 
namely, that any £nd everyone fn the Department has access to 
the files; whereas as a matter of fact such access is strictly 
limited to employees of the Division when required and to a {_ 
.very small: number of employees outside the Security Division, 
such as thfe members of the Loyalty Security Board. Senator 
McCarthy substituted the entire State Department for the 
Divlsiorv of Security, a crude misquotation for the purpose of ^ 
giving an entirely false impression « It is not only a - - '^ 
misquotation, it. is .a quotation, out of context, a quotation 
over two years old made, /without 'reference to the facts as 
they exist at the present^Time.- -\ 

3- Senator McCarthy said at Chicago' ; "Tell them to take the 

list of names which I have given ... the Secretary of State 

»t " - 

• ••„•■ 

■ * The Facts , ..Despite Under Secretary" of State Peurifoy ? s 
reiterated requests since February 11, 1950 that Senator 
McCarthy furnish the Department with a list of names of the- 
"205" or "57" accused State Department employees, Senator 
McCarthy has never furnished the Department or the Secretary 
of State such a list of names. * 

**■• Senator McCarthy said at Chicago : Describing the Federal 
Loyalty Program, Senator McCarthy said, "First of all, it 
permits each Department to Investigate Its own people. Those 
doing the Investigating know little or nothing of communist 
- techniques, even less of about how to conduct an investiga- 
tion. ..." 

The Pacts > The Federal Bureau of Investigation is the 
agency charged under Executive Order 9835* issued over thre^ 
years ago, with responsibility for conducting loyalty ^ <^ 
investigations under the Federal Loyalty Program. *\* o **» 

5- 'Senator McCarthy said at Chicago : Describing loyalty "^ ^^^c 
investigations, Senator McCarthy said, "In dozens of caseS 1 , %®&S» 



in .dfq&ens of cases -- for instance, recommendation from A3jge^*^,gf 



Hiss-^on State Department employees was all that was needSS t'§ ^ 
^comp^tely clear them -- like accepting a recommendatio|gj?f r©m ,9 
Dxlllnger in hiring a bank clerk." "* ^ 



s 



'■'?, . i -The Facts . There is not a single Instance of this. 

UVl / >r : ': ■ -**- . . j< 

,,6. ^"/ Senator McCarthy said at Chicago : "You will recall a former 
State Department employee by, the name of GeorgAfheeler 
recently retired behind the 'Iron Curtain after iraaking typical 
communist name calling statements damning and cursing the 
United States. This man, George Wheeler, who had been assigned 
tremendously important work by the State Department had first 
been given a completely clean bill of health by the Loyalty 
Board even though his file would have convinced anyone who 
could add two and two that he was a full fledged communist." 

The Facts : At no time has the /case of George Wheeler 
ever been considered by a security c6r loyalty board of the 
Department of State, Mr. Whee^r was one of . a group of former . 
FEA employees In Germany wVto^.iri Cse<£>t ember 19^5 were transferred^ ^.. '. 
. temporarily to the rolls o f f the, Stat^;' Department . In Februa^-^^:' "1 
1946 the whole group was transferred" to/.'the Uar r>^^- ^4-^^^^ s. . ..; .; ; ' 



- 




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1&72- ,9 -AS&±S: 



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and in fact Mr. Wheeler 1 s transfer to the War Department was 
even earlier --.In December 1945. During his brief time on the 
State Department pay roll ,. Mr. Wheeler*s case i\ras h under the juris- 
diction of the- Civil Service Commission. All these facts were 
set out in a departmental press release a month before Senator 
McCarthy made his misstatements* 

These facts were also contained in the Department's analysis 
of Senator McCarthy's April 20th speech to the American Society 
of Newspaper Editors, in which the Department pointed out twelve 
glaring McCarthy inaccuracies. Senator McCarthy on May. 15 
replied to the Departments statement by ,cit_ing two alleged in- 
accuracies in the Department* s analysis of his speech. He was 
silent as to the remaining ten. Of the two so-called inaccura- 
cies he cited, one pertains to the case of George Wheeler. As 
to George Wheeler, Senator McCarthy said that the Department 
should "admit that Wheeler was on the pay roll and given an 
absolutely clean bill of health by whatever Government Loyalty 
Board cleared personnel for the State Department." Two comments 
may be made thereon: first, as of the date of Mr. Wheeler's 
brief employment with the Department the present loyalty program, 
under which the Departments loyalty board was established, was 
not in existence; second, • Senator McCarthy f s implication was 
that the Department ? s Loyalty Board was at fault. Even Senator : 
McCarthy should see the irrelevancy of his attributing to the 
State Department matters under the Jurisdiction of the Civil 
Service Commission. \ 



7. Senator McCarthy said at Chicago ; ^MrJService, you will 
recall, was picked up by the FBI in connect iorTwTEh the Amerasi^ 
case... The papers carried the story that J. Edgar Hoover, who is 
not noted for over- statements, that t J. Edgar Hoover staged that 
this is a 100 per cent air-tight case of espionage. " 

The Pacts . On May 1, 1950, Deputy Under Secretary of State j -. 
Peurifoy in a letter to Mr. Peyton Ford, The Assistant to the j 
Attorney General, asked whether Mr. Hoover, in fact, made any . / fi 
similar statement. Mr. Ford, on May 8, 1950, replied: "You are f .'; 
advised that Mr. Hoover did. not make the statement which has been j j 

attributed to him." I 

'■.-.•■ * 

The' exchange of correspondence is attached. (See pp. 8,9) 

8, Senator .McCarthy said at Chic ago: "...the State Department 
which is about to hear th^ase of Service is now busily giving 
Mr. Serviced lawyer the /^cret documents which the President has 
denied the Senate, this so that he can properly defend 

Mr. Service." 

- The Facts . The Department has- categorically denied this. 
Mr. Service has been furnished copies of documents which he him- 
self had prepared for the Department' in the course of his duties 
as a foreign service officer. . - 

Relevant excerpts from a letter of May h, 1950 by General 
Conrad E.ASnow, Chairman of the Department's Loyalty Security 
Board, to Mr. WhitelaMReid, editor* of the New York Herald. 
Tribune, are attached/\{See page <j) 

; '* 9. Senator 

*. ■ ?■ 



9- Sengadfor McCarthy said- at Chicag o: "First take the case of 
PhilTj^Jessup,, the State Department'' 1 s Ambassador at Large. Now, 
here ^fs really a great joiner, especially Communist front 
organizations . . .organisations which the President T s own Attorney 
General and : Congressional committee have labeled as agents of the 
Communist Party." - * *[ .*■-.._ 

The Pacts . ■ In view of Senatoi? McCarthy's repeated assertionr 
the Department wrote to Mr, Morgan^ Counsel of the Subcommittee o*. 
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee/ investigating Senator 
McCarthy's charges, to see If Senator McCarthy had supplied 
them with any information to back up these charges. Mr. 'Morgan 
replied .that Senator McCarthy has not supplied any such material. 
The only documentary material supplied to the committee conoernin;' 
the organizational affiliations or; associations of Ambassador - 
Jessup was provided by Senator Kicjcenlooper, a photostat of one 
letterhead, of the American Law Students Association 'listing 
Professor Philip Jessup of Columbia University on the Association'* 
"Faculty Advisory Board*"- The American Law Students Association 
■is not listed by the Attorney General and does not appear on the 
list of "Citations by Official Government Agencies" issued in 
1948 by the House Committee on UnArtierican Activities. 

•.■''*■ . ' 
The correspondence with Mr. Morgan is attached* (See pp. 10 
and 11.) • * 

Dr. Jessup testified, before the Subcommittee, that he had 
Joined no Communist- front organisations, whereas the organiza- 
tions to which he did belong Included the following; 

The American Legion (He is a former commander of Utica 

Post #229) 
The- American Philosophical Society 
The Foreign Policy Association 
The American Bar Association 

On April 6, 1950 the Utica Pos't #229 passed a resolution 
condemning is'enat or McCarthy's attack upon their past commander, 
Philip C'^Jessup, A copy of this resolution is attached. It 
will be rioted that a copy of it was sent to Senator McCarthy with 
the admonition that "his reckless and despicable conduct in this 
instance cannot be condoned by any right-thinking American and. 
should never be repeated if he hopes to retain a shred of public 
respect," (For copy of resolution^ see pp. 11 and 1.2) 

10. Senato r McC arthy said at Chicago: "Jessup.... was largely - 
in .charge of a publication known as" the F ar Eastern Su rvey, the 
publication of the American Council of the Institute of Pacific 
Relati^^s; that he was in charge while it was spewing forth the 
perfi^^|L Communist Party lin<g- sewage . . . . " ' 

The Pacts . Senator McCarthy grossly exaggerated Dr. Jessup ■*-* 
.relationship w± trh ~"FaT Eastern Survey 11 based on the single fact 
that in 194% Dr. Jessup served on the Research Advisory Committee 
of thQ- American Council -of . the Institute of Pacific Relations* 

Senator McCarthy f s allegation that.^Far Eastern Survey" 
followed the Communist Party originates \n discredited contentions 
made by one Alfred Kohlber& in 19^41 The American Council of the 
Institute of Pacific Relations investigated Kohlberg f s charges. 
In a document circulated to its members , it was demonstrated that 
Kohlberg had ignored the overwhelming number of facts that did 
not support his contention;. _ The document showed, among other ^ , v . 



- ^_ *r*QCf2' 



98S73 

things ^ tftat Kohlberg had quoted., in connection with "Far 
Eastern 'Survey, v and other publications, from less than 2 ,per 
cent of the articles published and from less than .002 per cent 
H * of the books published. In April 19*17, the. membership of the 

^ American Council of the Institute of Pacific Relations in a vote 
of 1163 to 66 overwhelmingly repudiated Kohlberg* s charges- as 

a * "inaccurate and* irresponsible . "■ - ' ' '--i/ *■■ 

11. Senator McCarthy said at Chicago ; f! I have brought- with me nm 
photostatic copies of checks representing thousands of .dollars 

of Communist, money . paid to Jessup s s organization. n As documenta- 
tion he provided photostatp of two checks signed by Frederick 
Vanderbilt Field totalling $3,5QO. 

The Facts . This is another repetition of a refuted charge 
made by Senator McCarthy many tiraes before. Senator McCarthy 
repeats. it although It has already been refuted. The Inference 
Is that th^Institute of Pacific Relations had be^^n "bought" with 
Communist mohey. At that time, Dr. Robert Gordonlfeproul, Presi- 
dent of the University of . Calif ornia, was Chairman Vf the American 
Council of the Institute of Pacific Relations ; Mr_» Jgrgncig^ . 
^Harmon, Vice President of the Motion Picture Export Association, 
was^Treasurerj and- Mr. William R/jJferod, now President of the 
International General Electric Company, was Chairman of the 
Finance Committee. 

-"*>> .■■... ' 

Mr\ Juan Trippe, President of Pan American Airways, and 

Mr- Henr^fLuce, of Time and Life ,, were sponsors of a drive during 
that perfocJ" for. funds on behalf of the American Council of the 
Institute of Pacific Relations. Mr. Field's contributions, 
according to Senator McCarthy s s own figures, totalled only 
$3*500, as compared with a total expense for the two-year period 
of approximately $200,000*. About half of the amount was met by 
contributions from the Rockefeller Foundation and. Carnegie 
Corporation. Generous donations by .large Industrial concerns 
made up a large portion of the remainder. ■ ■ v 

12. Senator McCarthy,.. -said at Chicago ; '"Mr. Lattimore, as the 
nation knows, has long been referred to as the architect of the 
State Department's Far Eastern policy, the architect whose 
shadow lingers over the corpse of China." 

The Facts , Senator Tydings asked Secretaries Hull, Byrnes, 
Marshall and Acheson whether this description was true or false* 
They all replied that it was false. These letters were made 
public by Senator Tydings on April 29, 1950. The person . respon- 
sible for long and repeated use of the term "architect of the Far 
Eastern 'Policy" is. Senator McCarthy who employed the term in his 
testimony before the. Subcommittee. 

.13* Senator McC arthy sa id at Chicago : " . . . . so that you will have 
a full picture of the~ extent to which L&ttimore shaped our 4ismal 
policy of failure' In the Far East,; I call to your attention, a 

- secret, document .which he furnished " tcrthe State Department^ ■ 
August? of 1949,' a document which the State Department Itself 

i, labeled &s a' guide for Ambassador at Large jessup... . . 

■ '-.' - The Facts ', This is another repetition/of a refuted McCarthy^ 
. charge .'-..' ' ' " 

- • ""■-■*■.'": " - The 



^ •% 



r; 



W -6- f> 

■ The Department publiclyAand fully explained in press confer- 
ences on March 31* that Owen^VLattimore was one of a group of 31 
persons who submitted writteln? memoranda in response to requests 
made in August, 1949* "by Ambassador Jessup, These memoranda ,, 
were used as background material by a consultants* committee con- %f 
sisting of Mr, Raymond B. Posdick, Mr.; Everett Case,, and 
Ambassador Jessup in their study of United States foreign policy * 
in the Par East.( Mr. Lattimore f s memorandum was never singled 
out, or labeled as a guide, for Ambassador Jessup. ) Mr. Lattimore 
as director of the Walter Hines Page 'School of International 
Relations at Johns Hopkins , was also one of 25 private -indivi- 
duals participating in a round-table -discussion on. October 6, 7, 
and 8, 19^9 arranged by the Office of, Public Affairs for the 
purpose of exchanging views with informed private citizens on 
United States foreign policy toward China. The 31 who submitted 
memoranda were: 

Former Consul General Joseph. W, Ballantine, r . . 

now at Brookings "Institution • < . ' . 

Professor Hugh Borton, Columbia University " ■ . 
Former President Isaiah Bowman, Johns Hopkins University 
Dr. A. J. Brumbaugh, American Cquncil on Education, 

Washington. < \ 

Former Ambassador William Bullitt 
Former Under Secretary Castle 
Former Consul John A. Embry 

Professor Rupert. Ember son,- Harvard University 
Dr. Charles B* Fahs, New York City 
Professor John- K,. Fairbank, Harvard University 
•Dr. Huntington Gilchrist/ New York City 
Professor Carringt on Goodrich, Columbia University 
Former Under Secretary Grew . - 

Colonel Robert A. Griffin, ■ '' . . 

former Deputy Administrator, EGA China 
Former Ambassador Stanley K* Hornbeck 
Roger Lapham, Former Administrator, ECA China 
Professor Kenneth S. Latourette, Yale University 
Professor Owen Lattimore, Director of the Walter Hines 

Page School of International Relations, John Hopkins . 

University . ■ , 

Oliver C. Lockhart, Export-Import Bank of Washington 
Walter H. Mallory,; Council on Foreign Relations 
Professor Wallace Moore, Occidental ..College, Los Angeles 
Professor Edwin 0. Reischauer, Harvard University 
C. A. Richards, . Economic. Cooperation Administration 
Former Minister Walter S. Robertson, Richmond, .Virginia 
Dr- Lawrence K\ Rosinger, New York, New York- 
Mr. Jame.s Rowe, Washington ■' l * 

Mrs. Virginia Thompson (Adloff), New York City* 
Professor Amry Vandenbosch, University of Kentucky 
Professor Karl A. Wittfogel, Columbia University 
Professor Mary Wright, Stanf ord=-Jg=g^ersity ._ 

Admiral Yarnell v -°;^ a / 

The following, including Mr, Lattimore and some others of . 
the 31, attended the Round Table at the Department October 6, 
7, and 8 to discuss Far East Policy: , ' . 

Joseph W. Ballantine, . The Brookings Institution, 

Washington, D a C. 
Bernard Brodie, Department of International Relations, 

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut '^^ '-: 

Claude A. Buss, Director^ of Studies, Army War College, ^<^:l' : i:'\J : ^} 

Washington, D. C. " "*' ' " "* t ' .--.-^- " ~^ ., - ■■- '"■?*' *~ "■'"' . V '■' 



_ 7 . 



:*> 



Kenneth Colgrove, Department or Political- Science., 
- Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 
Arthur G. Coons, President^ Occidental College, . -* ■ 

Los Angeles, California „ 
John W. Decker, International Missionary. Council, 

New York, New Yorko . 
John A. Fairbank, Committee on. International and Regional 

"Studies, Harvard • University, Cambridge, Massachusetts,, 
William -R. Herod, President; International General Electric 

Company, New York/ Mew York, 
Arthur N. Holcombe, .Department of Government, 

Harvard .University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
Benjamin -H. Kizer, Graves, Kizer, and. Graves, Spokane, 
' - Washington <> * • . ■ " * ' ' 

Owen Lattimore, Director, Walter Kines Page School of. Interna- 
tional Relations, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 

Maryland© •."■'■',• ' - l 

Ernest B. MacNaughton, Chairman of the Board, /' 

First National Bank,. Portland, Oregon. 
Qeorge C * Marshall,. President, American Red Cross, 

Washington, D\. C • ■ * 

J, Morden Murphy, Assistant Vice President, 

Bankers Trust Company, New York, New York* 
Nathaniel Peffer, Department of Public Law and Government, 

Columbia University, New York, New York* 
Harold S* Quigley, Department of Political Science, 

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota* 
Edwin 0. Reischauer, Department of Far Eastern Languages, 

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts* 
William S- Robertson, President ,. American and Foreign 

Power Company, New York, New York. q 

John D. Rockefeller, III, President, Rockefeller Brothers T 

Fund, New York, New York. 
Lawrence K. Rosinger, American Institute of Pacific Relations, 

New York, New York. 
Eugene Staley, Executive Director, World Affairs Council- 
or" Northern California, San Francisco, California* 
Harold Stassen, President, University of Pennsylvania, 

Philadelphia j Pennsylvania, 
Phillips Talbot, University .of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 
George E, Taylor, University of -Washington, Seattle, 

Wa shi ngt on * ■ 
Harold M. VInacke, Department of Political Science, 

University of Cincinnati^ Cincinnati, Ohio, 

All of the memoranda and all of the views above referred to 
were of course submitted in confidence by their authors, and the 
Department could not expect these people to be frank unless it 
respected that confidence. The Department would not and did not, 
however, in any way Interfere with publication of any memorandum 
by its author. In fact, the 1 ' substance of Mr, Lattimore ' s article 
was published in an article which he wrote, for the January 1950 
•isBuer-pgvffhe-- At lanfic" magazine , . - 

lif *' Sen ator McCa rthy 'said at 'C hicago : "But let me give a brief 
resume of the official Communist Party program for Asia -- there is 
no secret about that.. Number 1, destroy the armies of Chiang 
Kai-shek* Number 2, get the United States out of Korea. Number 3, 
force the ivithdrawal of United State's forces from Japan; and 
number 4, prevent the formation of a Pacific Pact against Communist 
"■"^ressipn 9 ' v 



3^v--->- 



'Now 



\'l 



"Now, what does^Lattimore tell Jessup our L;Jlicy in £sia should 
be? Listen to this if you will: Number 1, Abandon Chiang Kai-shek;* 
number 2, get out of Korea j number 3, withdraw United States forces 
from Japan; and 4, deny the need of a .Pacific Pact." 



The Facts . This is another repetition of a refuted McCarthy 
charge . - 

The United States' record and policy in thenar East* as it 
relates to the points made by Senator ]V[cCarthy may be summarised as 
follows: . 

(1) The United States -poured tremendous amounts* of aid into 
China in efforts to bolster the government of Chiang Kai-shek; 

(2) The United States has led the fight for, a free, democratic 
Korea; has taken its case to the United Nations; and, since the 
establishment of this government, has contributed substantial 
economic and military support. 

(3) The United States as the principal occupying power in 
Japan will not enter into any peace treaty which makes impossible 
adequate protection of United States 1 security interests in the 
Western Pacific,. 

(k) The United States has publicly indicated that it would 
look with sympathy upon a regional alliance of Pacific nations, 
provided the impetus for such an association came from the nations 
themselves. 



Following is the material referred to on pages 3 and 4i 

Exchange of correspondence between Mr. John E* Peurifoy, Deputy 
Under Secretary of State, and Mr, Peyton Ford, Assistant to the 
Attorney General, (referred to on page 3): 



May 1, 1950 



Dear Mr, Ford: 



In his address on April 20, 1950 to the American Society* of 
Newspaper Editors at the Hotel Statler in Washington, Senator 
McCarthy said: 




'"One of those arrested was John a^Service. He was 
never convicted; he was never tried; he was never indicted. 

"J* Edgar Hoover, Director of. the FBI, publicly stated 
at the time of the arrests that this case was a 100-per-cent 
air-tight case of espionage. At the time the case broke 
J ohn S, Service was picked up by the FBI, Mr.. Hoover * made that 
statement, and he seldom errs on the side of overstatement, 
as you well-know* tf • / . _ '.;'... 

The Department of State is'naturally interested in whether or 
not this statement of Senator McCarthy is an accurate one. As a 
result, I would appreciate it if you would inform the Department as 
soon as possible whether the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation made any statement similar to that attributed to him 
by Senator McCarthy. • 

Sincere ly Wcurs % 

; JOHN E.<\"?EtmiF0Y • ^ ^-l 
reparcfy"TjridSi^ Secretary -^^r-^,. . ^V, ,/; 
The Honorable \ ■■ ' \\ /,-•-•;,; 

Peyton Ford 5 ^ ' \ /'->—; > ; : vv ":'"' 

\ .. ~.The Assistant to,th> Attorney Ge' neral * /•■-'■ -V"'.- 



r< 



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-9- 



3* 



May 8,- 1950 



John E* Peurifoyj Esquire . 

Deputy Under Secretary 
Department of State , . 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Peurifoy: n 

This is J_n reply to your letter dated May 1, 1950* inquiring 
a.s to the accuracy of a statement alleged to have been made by 
J. Edgar Hoover * Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, at the 
time of the- arrest of John S. Service and other suspects involved 
in the so-called "Amerasia" case. You ar& advised that Mr. Hoover 
did not make the statement which has been attributed to him* 



Yours Sincerely, 

PEYTON FORD 
The Assistant to the Attorney General 



EXCERPTS FROM' GENERAL- SNOW ! S LETTER TO THE NEW YORK- HERALD TRIBUNE 

(Referred to on page 3) 

Because of the reputation of the New York Herald Tribune for 
fair and objective reporting, I am taking the liberty of calling 
your attention to the headings of two articles which appeared in 
your issues of May 3 and 4* respectively* regarding the conduct of 
the John S. Service case by the Loyalty Security Board of the 
Department of State* of which I am Chairman . . . . 

Nor is it true that Mr, Service is being given any illegitimate 
advantage in the matter of access to papers. Mr. Service has not 
been given and will not be given access to the loyalty or personnel 
files which were gathered by, the FBI and other investigatory bodies 
and which were refused by the President to the Senate Committee, 
Mr. Service is entitled* however* as a matter of elementary fairness 
to see and put in evidence* any reports or other papers in the files 
of the State Department which were prepared by him or in connection 
with the missions on which he served* which may be material to his 
defense. Action by the Department of State is necessary to permit 
him to show them to counsel* To date* the only confidential 
documents on which this action has been taken are documents 
actually written by Mr. Service himself. This is all there is to 
that, part of the 'story. 

■CThe Loyalty Security Board of the Department of State is a 
judicial body set up for the purpose of giving to an employee 
accused of disloyalty* or of being a security risk* a -fair hearing.' 
While under the regulations he has no opportunity to confront and 
cr^ss- examine witnesses who have given confidential information to 
the Board* or even to see a transcript of their statements* he is 
advised of the substance of the accusations, and must be given a 
fair opportunity to defend himself* not only by his own testimony* 
but also by the production of any witnesses or of any documentary 
evidence that may tend to establish his innocence, of the accusations 
The Board -has an obligation to give him the fullest opportunity to 
.prepare and "present hi s r defense. 



C ^ ": 



Exchange 



v 



4 



-10- 



Exchange or correspondence between Mr. John E. Peurlfoy, Deputy 
Under Secretary of State;, and Mr. Edward P» Morgan^ Chief Counsel., 
Foreign Relations Subcommittee Investigating the State Department: 

(Referred to on page "4) 



May 16, 1950 



Dear Mr. Morgan: 



In connection with the analysis r of Senator McCarthy ! s speech 
to the American Society of Nejf&papeff "Editors . forwarded on May .12, 
1-950 to the Society by Assistant; Secretary Barrett, Senator 
McCarthy has- stated, as quoted on' May 15 by the Associated Press: 

"The State Department, also states that Jessup belonged 
to no Communist front organizations. I gave photostatic 
proof to the committee that he was affiliated with five 
. organizations listed by the Attorney General or congressional 
committees as fronts for the Communist Party ♦ 

t_ . 
"He was a director of one of the worst of such organisa- 
tions named by the Attorney General, namely the China Aid 
Council of the American League for Peace and Democracy. Ir 

.'At Atlantic City on. the same day he said: 

"... Now, ' the thing they forget is that I have presented 
to .the Committee photostats showing that he belonged, that he 
was affiliated with not one^ but with five .Communist front 
organizations; and that he not only belonged to, but was a . 
Director of one. of the worst of the lot, named as such by 
the Attorney, General, . . M • ■ 

In view of these assertions of Senator" McCarthy V it would be 
very much appreciated If you could make available to this Depart- 
ment copies of the photostats which the Committee has received 
from him. 

S 1 nc ere ly y our s , 

JOHN E. PEURIFOY 

Mr. Edward' P, Morgan, - • 
Chief Counsel, 

Foreign . Relations Subcommittee, 
The Capitol. 



.".'■■' May 17, 1950 

Mr. John E. Peurlfoy 

Deputy Undersecretary - 

U.S.- State DcpHrtmant ', . I. 

Washington, .D. C. : '" ' "" ' \ 

Dear Mr. Peurlfoy: ■ 

Reference is made to your letter of May 16, 1950.-* referring in 
turn to the remarks, as quoted Jgy the Associated Press, of Senator 
Joseph R. McCarthy relative to Dr. Philip Jessup, as follows; \ 

M The State department also states "that Jessii'p belbnged,^.— ^'%^ 
Communist front organisations. I gave photoe£.°-:t '%\^: -^ V , ^-'-^ 
the committee that ho was affiliated wiVth f j/' '; :A< : 1 *;/// '' 1 s '■■/.> 

listed by the Attorney General o?^ congress'/* '-:'■:• .5 ;/- -^. -,'' -''■', 
^/\ fronts for the Communjf st^Party ♦ " /: ;. :-•:-. ; : '/ : :/\ ■:*'■■•':[.. ■ r - 



:• 



^ -11- JST&ZJJLY 

"He was a director*, of one of the worst of such organizations 
named, by the Attorney General, namely the China Aid Council of 
the American League for Peace and Democracy*" 

* * * sss^& 

,f . . oNoWj the thing they forget is that I have 'presented to 
the Committee nhotostats showing that he belonged, that he was 
affiliated with not one, but with five Communist front 
organizations; and -that he not only belonged to, but was a 
Director. of one of the worst of the lot, named as such by the 
Attorney General* ..." 

Relative to your request for photostatic copies of the 
material stated to have been turned over to the subcommittee by 
Senator McCarthy, you are advised that after a careful and diligent 
search of. our files, we find no. record of any material having been 
turned over to the subcommittee by Senator McCarthy indicating 
that Dr. Jessup has been associated with Communist front organiza- 
tions* ( 

For your information, however, in the course of Senator 
Hickenlooper ' s examination of Dr. Jessup, he offered in evidence, 
at page 530 of the transcript, a photostat of a letterhead of an 
organization known as the American Law Student's Association on 
which "Prof* Philip Jessup" of Columbia University is listed on 
the "Faculty Advisory Board" ,.. along with other named individuals. 
The Subcommittee has been supplied no other documentary material 
concerning organizational affiliations or associations of 
Dr„ Jessup. 

After hearing of Senator McCarthy's statements referred to 
above, I immediately called his office requesting the photostatic 
material to which he referred. Again on May 16,1950, I called 
Senator McCarthy personally, advising that the subcommittee had not 
been supplied the photostatic material concerning Dr, ' Jessup to 
which he had referred and requested that he supply the same for 
our record. As yet, I have not been supplied the photostats in 
question. . - 

JShould they be received by me, I shall be glad to make copies 
thereof available to your office. 

Sincerely yours, 

-'/-:< EDWARD P. MORGAN 

,* ' Chief Counsel 

Subcommittee Investigating 
the State Department. 



RESOLUTION CONDEMNING ATTACK UpfW PAST COMMAHPSR PMXLtP CTE3EVF 
ADOPTED AT A REGULAR MEETING OF UTICA POST #229 AMERICAN LEGION, 
HELD ON APRIL 6TH, 1950 (Referred to on page 4) 

WHEREAS, Utica Post #229 American Legion is proud to number 
among the-l^st of Its Past Commanders a distinguished comrade, 
" ; '.*,*"".*" ar, .T" ,'^-rtfr member, Ambassador Philip C. Jessup, whose 
'■:'■'■>.?; \i ■■,".''•' -.:.>, M.c devotion and" continued helpfulness to our 

: *riod of many years is* a source of great satisfac- 
'•;■: 'extinction to Utica Post and to its entire member- 

vV ->> ; :\-.. ... ' ^.-r---. , - - 

, ..WHEREAS ,.... 



m 



-12- 



: 'WHEREAS, the* sterling character,, splendid reputation, and 
unquestionable loyalty and patriotism of Past Commander Philip ۥ 
Jessup, both privately and in his public capacity as U.S* Ambassador- 
at -Large, have recently been subjected to scurrilous, unprincipled, 
and wholly unjustifiable attack by one Joseph McCarthy, who in so 
doing has sullied the office of U.S. Senator itfhich he presently 
holds , * -..'...' 

NOW THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that Utica Post $229 American 
Legion' and its entire membership shall and do strongly resent, 
condemn ap.d decry the unprincipled, unjustified, unsportsmanlike, 
un-American and intolerable conduct of Senator Joseph McCarthy in 
his wanton attempt without proof or reason. to smear and destroy the 
good reputation and high standing of so devoted and patriotic a 
citizen as our esteemed and valued friend and comrade, the Honorable 
Philip C* Jessup, U,S« Ambassador-at-Large; and be it further 

RESOLVED, that Utica Post $229 American Legion and its members 
in meeting duly assembled feel privileged at this time to reaffirm 
their continued trust and confidence in, their esteem and devotion 
to, and their lasting friendship for a distinguished public 
servant, a loyal patribt, and a great • citizen, the Hon, Philip C. 
Jessup, a Past Commander of this Post; jiand be it further 

RESOLVED that this resolution be inscribed ' upon the Minutes 
of this meeting, that a copy thereof be delivered to our comrade, 
Ambassador Jessup; that a second copy be delivered to the public 
press; and that a third copy be mailed, to Senator McCarthy with 
the admonition that his reckless and despicable conduct In this 
instance cannot be condoned by any right thinking American and 
should never be repeated' if he hopes to retain a shred of public 
respect „ * 



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identical with D*vld Zablodowaky, a tormr aqployot of Hit Off lea off Stratatia 
Sarvicaa. Oo Baaaahar 2, 1942, a Batoh Act Isvaatlgatlan m$ inatttuted concerning 
David 7*blodo*aky, than » Stale* Economic* gStta*, Jtataanth at* Analytic Sraoch, 
Prtaantatlon Bivlalwn, Saitetial SaeMoa, Of f lot of Strangle Sa**ioa», flaahlattm, 
S. C. Co;l«a of rtfcOft* containing tht raaolta of tha invMtiatlon n»ra traat- 
jadttad to tht iatarda&aiteaattl Copaittaa w mpl&m 3awttisftU«i» on SJawh 3*> 
1944* % lottai* <£atod Sarah 6 # 1945, to Sooawihli HatfcaH £. Qaaton* Ciadraaa, 
&taH*P<ttt!WBtaX Cfiaslttat oc L&playee Xavaatigatloaf, l^tanant Colttiai 0. C. 
floartat, *•# orcto* «t StPttagio Sawioai, «d*i»a& that David lablodowky **• 
btiag ratainad. A prtlUAmry loyalty iojulffy ma iwtituttd on Xareh 21, 195&, 
to datarataa ahathar ZaModowaky la currently «aploy*d by tbt Ftdaral Owrtnawnt. .— 
J* wm aaaartainad fr<» tha Civil Dervio* Ctaalaaioa that h» i» aotj** -^r*-***; 
having loft hia aaployaant with th» 0tpart)mat of Statt i^-**w* r ~ a i*** 

Baaad upon a *a«u«at :■<**• *l*:*n&tal^?taiat, th» ftvta* initiated a 
S*cwity laveatlgatidft jragtWlag Sert*n VaUi**rMcu oa May 29, 1946. The ismti- 
cation waa dleeoittioead itfien VaUiatreaeu ra»lga*a **<* hia poaltioa on Septaaher 
33, 1946. Copiet of vaporta ooaUittlaK partiaaa* infomtioa «**• feimithed tbt 
Stata Deptrtawit on Oetohar 4, 194&, aaS Daaaabar U, 1946. (fc May 14, 1948, *t 
the repeat of tha State 9tpart»ot, ao lavtatigatioo of ?alli»ej*tOtt «aa Initiated 
atder tha gtrevtaieot of Ftiblie law 402, SOth Cooeraaa (?oiee of Aaerioa) and e©j>iee 
of fpovu refieotiag; tha retnlta of tha ©aapletad iaveetigetioa were tttnaaitttd 
to tha Stata BapartJ»«t .ftp latter dated July 16, 1948. 

ACTIOBt M ane* Su*B*Pi«* or Clayeaee J. Helton, David Xahlodoaaky aad 

|ara attaehad for yew information, -"■/'■he' 

■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ■ • ■ ■ ' • " ■ ■ • b7C 



ij>" 



DECLASSIFICATION AUTHORITY DERIVED FROH: 
FBI AUTOMATIC DECLASSIFICATION! GUIDE 
DATE 05™17™2013 
J63J3STSS 



JUN 9 1950 



DAVID ZABLODOWSKY 



Background 



-\ 



David Zablodowsky was born in New York City on February 
1> 1903 9 and attended Colutobia University, New York City, from 
September, 1921 until June, 1927, and from September, 1938 until 
June, 1940, receiving A.B. and M.A. degrees. He also attended the 
International School (League of Nations) Geneva, Switzerland, from 
June, 1925 until September, 1925* Zablodowsky was employed as Editor 
of the Viking Press, Inc., New York City, from March, 1928 until 
May 20, 1940 and as general manager and editor of Modern Age Books, 
Inc., NYC, from May 20, 1940, until September, 1942. He entered on 
duty as a Sr. Economics Editor, Research and Analysis Branch, Presenta- 
tion Division, Editorial Section, Office of Strategic Services, 
Washington, D. C, on September 21, 1942. In 1942 he was residing at 
Park Street and Trowbridge Road, Vienna, Virginia, having previously 
lived at Mount Airy Road, Croton-on-Hudson, New York. In January, 
1944, he was residing at 4l8 S. Lee Street, Alexandria, Virginia. 
(101-5828) 

A list of persons notified to the Secretary of State under 
the International Organization Immunities Act (approved December 29, 
1945) as of November 1, 1946 carried the name of David Zablodowsky, 
Deputy Special Services Officer, Hotel Taft, New York. (62-77787- 
1816, pg. 62) 

The name "David Zablodowsky (American) Presentation Officer, 
Hotel Taft, New York, New York" is contained in a list of United 
Nations Organization personnel as of May 1, 19^7. (62-77787-2532, 
Pg. 179) 

Investigation by Bureau 

On December 2, 19^2, a Hatch Act investigation concerning 
David Zablodowsky, an employee of the Office of Strategic Services, 
was instituted based upon information received from New York T-l 
(f ormer Confidential Informant Robert M.) to the effect that Zablodows 
was "a fanatical and important Communist" who had been extremely 
clever in hiding his Communist affiliations in recent years. The 
informant claimed to have received information that Zablodowgky was 
working "sub rosa" for, the Communist Party and also had several 
dealings .with Robert Wohlforth, then chief investigator for the La 
Pollette Civil Liberties Committee. (IOI-5828-5) 

flTIE (DSC) 




b6 

b7C 

b7D 



During the investigation New York T-2 I I \ 

I I advised that he had known Zablodowsky ^personally for | 

many years and had known him to be a member of the Comrminist Party f 
and to be "a Communist of the vicious type," based upon 'a statement \ 
he overheard Zablodowsky make in 1936 to another person indicating { 
he would meet him at the Party Fraction Meetings • The informant j 
stated it was common knowledge at that time that Zablodowsky was a ; 
member of the Communist Party. It was his recollection that Zablodowsky 
was known as the "Communist Party whip in the Book and Magazine Gu ild. " \ 
New York T-3 I ' r :. 

and a former member of the Communist Party, stated he was personally ; 
acquainted with Zablodowsky as both were members of the Book and 
Magazine Guild and that Zablodowsky had looked after Communist Party 
interests in the Guild ♦ He advised that he had taken it for granted 
that Zablodowsky was a Party member although he had never seen his 
Communist Party membership book. Mr. Eugene Lyons, Editor of the 
American Mercury, and Mr. Benjamin Stolberg, writer, advised that 
Zablodowsky had the reputation among editors, authors and newspapermen 
of being a member of the Communist Party. Mr. Lyons and Mr* Stolberg 
had previously characterized Zablodowsky as u a member of the Communis t 
Party" in articles thev had published. New York T-4 I I 

| | stated he was aware of a story 

to the effect that Zablodowsky was used as a mail drop for one A. 
Rubins, an admitted OGPU Agent although he had no informatio n to prove 

■ th1q flprn-rrHnrr .to New York T-l8 (technical surveill ance on I J 

I Zablodowsky was well acquainted with ! \ 

I I member of the National Committee of the Communist Party 

ana neao or International Publishers, Communist Party publishing 
house. A number of other informants stated they believed Zablodowsky 
was a Communist sympathizer. (IOI-5828-5, 6) 

Investigation at Washington, D. C, disclosed that the records 
of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities, House of 
Representatives, indicate David Zablodowsky was a member of the 
Editorial Committee of the American League Against War and Fascism 
and had contributed to the "Daily Worker" on August 19, 1933* These 
files reflect that one Genevieve Lisitzky, 2^3 West 11th Street, 
Manhattan, New York, signed a Communist Party election petition for 
1939 - 1940. Genevieve Lisitzky is the maiden name of Zablodowsky' 3 
wife. It was determined that the CSC had previously conducted an 
investigation of Zablodowsky, during, the course of which he was 
variously described as "liberal," "pro-Communist," and "a person 
who refused to publish anti-Communist books." Zablodowsky was inter- 
viewed by a representative of the CSC and admitted he was acquainted 
with Mr. and Mrs. Robert Minor whom he described as Communist leaders. 
He stated that he, Zablodowsky, was probably a member of the American 
League Against War and Fascism and was a member of the American 
League for Peace and Democracy. When interviewed on January 5> 
194?, at the Washington Field Office, Zablodowsky denied membership or 



-4. 




activity in the Communist Party, He advised that he had been a member 
of the Committee for Struggle Against War and its successor, the 
American League Against War and Fascism. Zablodowsky stated he had 
served in an editorial capacity on the magazine "Fight", published by 
the American League Against War and Fascism* He. advised that he 
believed his membership had terminated prior to the time the organiza- 
tion became known as the American League for Peace and Democracy. 
(101-5828-12, 15) y 

On March 16, 1944, copies of reports reflecting the results 
of the Hatch Act investigation were transmitted to the Interdepartmental 
Committee on Employee Investigations. By letter dated March 6, 1945, 
to Honorable Herbert E. Gaston, Chairman, Interdepartmental Committee 
on Employee Investigations, Lt. Colonel 0. C. Doering, Jr., of the 
Office of Strategic Services advised that David Zablodowsky was being 
retained in his position with the Office of Strategic Services. 

(101-5828-19) u 

Other Subversive Information in Bureau Files 

The "Guild News" for January, 1940 attacked an article in 
the New York Herald Tribune of November 29, 1939, written by Benjamin 
Stolberg, former Communist, who said that the Communists had captured 
the Book and Magazine Guild along with the American Federation of 
Teachers and the American Newspaper Guild* Stolberg went on to say 
that the Book and Magazine Guild had delayed publication of his 
book, "Inside the CI0 n because David Zablodowsky, a Communist Party 
member of the Guild, was employed as an Assistant Editor by the 
Viking Press. In answer to the charge by Stolberg, the "Guild News" 
quoted Harold Guinsburg, President of the Viking Press, as stating > 
that Zablodowsky had said he was never a Communist. (61-10490-146) [j 

On December 2, 1940, Mr. Harvey Wolf, 3938-| South Grand 
Avenue , Los Angeles, Calif ornia, an admitted former member of the 
Communist Party, advised that one David Zablodowsky, was among a 
number of individuals who were engaged in Communist activities. He 
advised that they occupied positions on the "intellectual front" 
and rendered a most valuable service as propagandists. Wolf stated 
that these individuals traveled back and forth across the continent, 
supporting and taking part in Communist front meetings and the program 
of the Party politically. (39-915-684) rf 

A memorandum dated January 5> 1942, set forth information 
concerning conversations between Alexander Trachtenberg, Secretary and 
Treasurer of International Publishers, New York City and Edward I. 
Aronow, a New York City attorney, concerning the campaign then being i» 



conducted by the Communist Party to free Earl Borwder, as obtained 
by the New York Office. In these conversations, references were made 
to "the old man" and his interest in the campaign to free Browder 
and that "the old man" was to carry the matter to the "chief executive". 
It was subsequently ascertained that "the old man" was Senator Elbert 
D. Thomas of Utah. It was also pointed out that one David Zablagosky 
(phonetic), possibly identical with David Zablodowsky, editor of the 
Viking Press was reported to have had a conference with "the old man" . / 
allegedly with reference to the freedom of Earl Browder. (61-2115-69) [/f 

In August, 19^2 the Office of Censorship furnished information 
to the effect that in a letter dated August 4, 1942 sigAed "David 
Zablodowsky" from Modern Age Books, Inc., 245 5th Ave., Hew. York, 
New York, to Bodo Uhse, Cerrada De Londres 15 Dep. 15, Mexico, D. F., 
it was stated that the last of Uhse f s manuscripts had been sent and 
that the stories had been handed to Maxim Lieber. The Office of 
Censorship advised that its records indicated that Uhse was formerly 
a Fascist and was at that time a "Communazi, " associated with 
Margarita Nelken, en agent gaining admission. for German Fifth Columnists 
to Mexico. (62-62736-2-12147) U 

On December 11, 1942, former Confidential Informant Robert 
M. advised that Vera Brailowsky had admitted to him in 1936 that she 
was a member of the Communist Party and had told him that David 
Zablodowsky was also a Party member. (100-198347-3) 



In September, 1944 MID advised the NY Office that David 
Zablodowsky was well known as a Communist, gave free support to the 
Soviets during the Moscow trials, and had been a scrupulously adherent 
fellow traveler for over 10 years. (121-51-19) [/ 

Alexander Gregory-Graff Barmine, New York City, a former 
Red Army officer and Communist Party member, while employed by the 
Office of Strategic Services prior to December 1, 1944, reportedly 
advised his superior, a Mr. Ullman, that David Zablodowsky, OSS 
employee, was a member of the Communist Party and was formerly a mail 
drop for the OGPU. In this connection, it is to be noted that, when 
interviewed during the course of the Hatch Act investigation regarding 
Zablodowsky, Barmine stated he did not know Zablodowsky personally 
but knew him by reputation and advised that from his knowledge and 
experience in the Soviet Union it was his firm conviction that 
Zablodowsky, as Vice President and General Manager of Modern Age 
Books, Inc., had to be a member of the Communist Party. He stated 
he had once seen a directive or circular promulgated by the Central 
Committee of the Communist Party of Moscow to the effect that 
executives of Communist Party publishing houses, wherever located 
throughout the world, had to be members of the Communist Party. He 
furnished no information at that time to indicate that Zablodowsky 
had been a mail drop for the OGPU. (74-1333-3221, pg* 276) U 




The Washington Times Herald for February 27, 1945, stated 
that Representative Dewey Short read to the House the Communist 
connections of David Zablodowsky, Senior Economic Editor for the 
Office of Strategic Services. According to the article, he noted 
that Zablodowsky had been a member of the Editorial Board of the 
official organ of the American League Against War and Fascism, branded 
as subversive by Attorney General Biddle. It was further stated 
that OSS knew of Zablodowsky^ background but accepted the decision 
of the CSC declaring him eligible for employment in the government 
and that Zablodowsky had said he was not and had never been a 
Communist. (61-7557-A) \J 

An article in the Washington Times Herald on August 22, 
1945, concerning the Office of Strategic Services stated in part: 
"David Zablodowsky, contributor to the Daily Worker, official Communist 
daily, and member of the Editorial Board of 'Flight', official organ 
of the American League Against War and Fascism, is Senior Economic 
Director. Zablodowsky was cited by former Attorney General Biddle 
as subversive." (62-64427-A) {J 

In a letter to the Bureau dated February 25, 1946, Mrs. 
Margaret Dunne, 62 First Street, New York, New York, described David 
Zablodowsky, Office of Strategic Services, as a Communist. (100-0- 
21264) 14 

On June 12, 1946, the Department of State advised that 
Presentation Associates, Inc., was composed largely of officers of the 
Department of State and that practically every person concerned with 
it was identified as being either a Communist or a Communist sympathizer. 
The Department of State advised that David Zabladowsky was reported 
to be spending considerable time at Presentation Associates Inc., 
during official government hours and that he had consistently been 
reported as a member of the Communist Party* It was later learned 
that the Certificate of Incorporation for Presentation, Inc. listed 
David Zablodowsky as a stockholder. (100-345490-1, 2) 

Confidential Informant Z advised that in a letter mailed to 
Mary Jane Keeney, suspected Russian espionage agent, on August 9, 1946, 
Daniel Melcher, 476 N Street, S. W. , Washington, D. Q,., mentioned 
that David Zablodowsky was with the United Nations in NYC/ 
(65-56402-1638X, pg. 72)^ 

On January 31, 1947, and April 24, 1947, the Military 
District of Washington furnished information to the effect that .an 
informant had advised that David Zablodowsky was among former OSS 
officers who were members of the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln 
Brigade, (100-7060-370, 378; 100-7660-4314X) It 





A document prepared by Mr. Benjamin Stolberg, 222 West 23rd 
Street, NYC, for the National Industrial, Conference Board, NYC, and 
made available on March 1, 19^7 , reflects that David Zablowdowsky 
was an assistant to Alger Hiss at the San Francisco Conference which 
organized the United Nations. This document states in part, 
"Zablowdowsky has a long Party line record. During the Hoover 
administration he was Editor of the Bulletin of the American Committee 
for Struggle Against War which became the American League Against 
War and Fascism and still later the American League for Peace and 
Democracy. In 1933 and 193^ he was Editor of •Fight 1 , the official 
organ of this Communist front which was cited as subversive by 
Attorney General Francis Biddle. Throughout the thirties he was as 
busy as a bee in various Communist dominated enterprises. He was 
on the Editorial Board of the Office Worker, official organ of the 
UOFWA, the Communist dominated CIO Office Workers Union. He was 
also the moving spirit in the Book and Magazine Guild, another 
Communist dominated union in the publishing fiSld. Later he became 
the Editor of Modern Age Books, a decidedly left wing publishing 
firm. During the war Zablowdowsky was with the OSS, where he was an 
active member of the Communist 'fraction 1 - - General 'Wild Bill 9 
Donovan, head of the OSS, had the wild idea that he needed both 
Communists and Fascists in his outfit and that he knew how to 
handle them. For a time in between, Zablowdowsky was with the Office 
of Intelligence Collection and Dissemination of the State Department. 
He is now working on the United Nations in company with a number of 
other American lef twingers . " (62-397^9-828) (J 

An article captioned, "Marzani Film Bares State Department 
Red Cell" in the New York Journal American for June 1, 1947 stated 
that a large group formerly holding top secret positions in the State 
Department helped produce the movie, "Deadline for Action," authored 
and directed by Carl A. Marzani and which was being investigated as 
a link in the Red transmission belt. According to the article, 
the picture was produced by Presentation Inc. and stockholders 
included David Zablowdowsky. It was stated that Zablowdowsky was a 
regular contributor to the "Daily Worker". (100-350705-2) Qf 

An article in the July 23, 19^7/ issue of the New York 
Journal American reflects that Walter S. Steele, Chairman of the 
National Security Committee of the American Coalition of Patriotic 
Societies,, in testifying before the House Committee on Un-American 
Activities listed "David Zablodowsky, formerly with OSS, a contri- 
butor to Red publications" among outstanding examples of Communists 
and Communist sympathizers serving in the Armed Forces during World 
War II. (100-2267-A) {J 



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When interviewed in March, 1949, regarding Alger Hiss, Ralph 
Toledano, anti-Communist author, advised that he was informed that 
David Zablodowsky was placed into the United Nations and into the 
State Department upon the recommendation of Alger Hiss. (7^- 1333-299$) 

A summary prosecutive report dated March 30, 1949, prepared 
by the New York Office regarding Alger Hiss contains personal his to 
and background data regarding Jay David Whittaker Chambers as relate 
by him. He stated that while attending college he used to eat his 
lunch with a group including one David Zabladowsky. Chambers relate 
that from these individuals he had his first exposure to Marxist 
ideas. He advised that they had long and violent arguments in which 
they had tried to convert him to Marxism. Chambers noted, however, 
that all of the members of this group were not "Socialists" to the 
same degree. (74-1333-3221, pg. 229) 



nur»1ng thft remind fyom Ma.v Ifi. 1Q4Q. to Jnlv 98. T^Qj I I 

I New | 

York, who requested his name be kept confidential, advised that David 
Zablodowsky headed the Printing Division where Abraham Zusevitch 
Wadel was employed. Nadel had been observed on a number of occasion^ 
in 1948 conversing with Valentine Alkseevich Gubitchev, Russian j 
national and United Nations employee. On three occasions Gubitchev | 
was. noted passing material to Nadel. (65-58488-11) 



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In September, 1949, Mr. James B. Donovan, New York Attorney 
stated that while in OSS he was aware of a certain left wing element 
in the organization which assumed great powers at the San Francisco j 
Conference because of their association with Alger Hiss. He named «' 
David Zablodowski among those he thought were Communists in this . ; / / 
group. (74-1333-3877) ? (// 

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Background ; 



Ciaraaaoe John Belsoa was born June 10* 1897, at Ludington, Michigan. 
He served in the United States Bavy fro* ternary 192$, until honorably 
discharged in s$p%mwb$r$ 1921* Vrom 1921 to 1938, he was employed as a 
telegrapher at Detroit* Michigan, Washington, 2. C, Jfew Orleans* Louisiana* 
Chicago, Illinois, Lincoln, tebraska and tlraiid Rapids, Michigan. From Septesiber, 
1924 to larch, 1927, he also attended the national College of Chiropractic at 
Chicago receiving a PH.C. degree on March 30, 1927. ITelsoa practiced Chiropractic 
in the vicinity of Ludington, Michigan, in theaerly 1930 r e. 

Helsem has been employed by the Departeent of State, Washington, B. C*, 
since August 22, 1938, and served for about ten mt&hs cowaencing in J&nuary, 
1945, with the State Department in London, England. He is currently employed 
as a telegrapher in the Division of Cominieatiens and Records at the State 
Department, Washington, D. C, and resides with his wife at 4023 Kansas Ave&ue, 
K. w., Washington, D. C. (State Departaeat records and Loyalty Fora, 121-11044-1*5) 

Investigations 1y Bureau : 

w in m inimi ' i m \mmimm0mmmmmtmJS^mmmttmmm n 

The Sureau coa&nxied an iwesti^tion concern!*^ Clarence John Select 
at the request of the State Bapartasnt on May 25* 1940* K*e State Departafcnt 
reports that iteleon, who ms then eaplqyed as a telegrapher in the State . f 

Dspartstent, had attested to distribute the *Daily Worker 11 on two or three \ | 

occasions* Thie investigation was discontinued on June 8, 1940, upon the request ';' ; - 
of the State Bsparti»at. A report prepared on the investigation completed prior 
to the request for discontinuance, a copy of which was furnished to the State 
Department om July 26, 1940, reflects that H. C. McMakin, a telegrapher employed 
by the 0* S. Havy at Washington, D. C, said that he had observed * Bolshevistic 
literature* 1 in * trante owned by 5 el son and etored in t&e attic of Mcliakin's hoae. 
Hci&kin stated that to Me ©pinion, ifelaon was a radical and did not believe 1b 
the American flag. John L« Bishop, an employee of the !fcvy Department, Washington, 
0. C, also stated that he felt that Helson mas inclined to be radical* Bishop 
was unable to furnish specific information in this regard* '65-12813-1,34) 

Selsoa was *geia investigated by the Bfcreau (hiring 8aroh-Jum, 1942. 
This investigation was instituted under the character *Staie Department ~ Special 
Inquiry, « but was converted into a Hatch Act investigation. 



Tolson 
Ladd__ 
Clegg_ 
Slav in 



Source of Information A of the Oranri Maids Office [ 



stated that fte txwa Known 

MMHwn since 1917, whan he, Bofnen, was employed as a telegraph operator and 
Islson was e^3$yed as a Western Union messenger boy at Grand Bapids, Michigan. 

Nichols 

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Tele. Room 

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Hofwsn statad th*t 'I e loom did not indleata any radical tandanci^s as of 1917a 
but that during tha coursa of tha next thirtsan yeura,when ho and Ualaom wort 
angagad in aiwilar Jobs aa tflograph opor*tora # ha acted that JJalwa davelopad 
a strong radical Cowwardstic *ttitud«u Ht *h&raotari»ad Halson 49 .* *ao*p bo** 
typa of agitator for Oowfcnistio principles. (77-I8d92~12 pg 1, 2) 



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gpurc* gf I**fpr*ittg3 B Of tfo» -fl^'ltartftt Off Iff J 



stated thai he bail known Helaon sines 1932* whan tha lattsr lived in Ludington, 
Michigan* A«oord3Lttg fca Swarthout, Helaon was a known Coananist while lining in 
Iii<lingtoa and «a» a-ri&g leader and organiser for the local young Gow»oi»ta» 
<77~1*S92*X2 pg 2) 

, Swrct of aiftmatt/m'-o of the Grand Rapid* of floe I 1 

I |deeoa?lb«d Kelson as one who preached disgruntled, 

dissatisfied* anti-de»cratic doctrines, la Bar bar* s opinion, Salmon' a statements 
could be described as either S<$oieli«tio or CoMwnietic* Ha atatad that Kelson 
was active in JM&Uvtui during the early 1930 f i aa an organiser ef local young 
Goau&nlste who were eati&og higher wages on the fpA and holding geetinga to secure 
nol3ftaUara to f igh* for Ixayaltet Spain* (77-18892-12 pg2) 

Sources of Information A> B and C irtated they did not know whether U 

or not Nelson was actually * asaber of the Coaaoniat Party while residing at 
Ladingtoa, Michigan, 

v____ Coirfidenttai Infors*at f-l l I 

I ^ I atatad that ha wt Heleon in 1937* while both wara employed tgr J. 0. Bfeche 

and Company, stock broker* at Battle Creek* Michigan. Ha said that ha had spent 
muserous ereninge In tha oospasy of Xelson* and hie wif a and had hoard Heleon 
diecuss social and political probleaa* Thio informnt stated that Kelson ada&tted 
having mde a*qy *soep hos« speeches in hia youth prior to 1937* Tha informant 
added, however, that he had n* present knowledge indicating Neleon** association 
with any radioal group or organisation. (77*18892-11) 

Confidential Infers*^ T~l of tha flsBftysj* officwl ~l [ 

I la lso characterised Xeleon aa a "soap box" 

orator. Re stated that Kelson had books on Karl Marx and Cowaxniaa in hie 
ljUaraxy and that on one ocoasion Nalson had trlod to talk tha inf orwsnt into 
going to Russia with hi* to work aa a talagraphar, atati«« ^iat th*y would iat ; 
$406 a month in Russia and would ba rax^cad nort to prof ossional Man* Informant 
aaid that Milaon j^va tha gsmnral i^proaaion «aasaia la a little hit battasr 
plaoa to go than tha United St atas^ Confidential Informant T*-2 of the Danvtr 
Offico I 1 statad that Malson had told har in 1936 f that ho 

intandad to vota for Earl Browdar tot prasidant» Tkla inf ora»nt atatad that on 
ona occasion Kelson gava h«r a book to road on ftusaia. Sha was unable to raoall 
tha nana of tha book hut ra»saib«ad that it picturad Rusoia as an idaal country* 

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Coaf id»otial Iaformnt T~2 of th< ^ghi^^oa Field Offloa I I 



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Nelson, stated that ha racaivad tha publication «X)a fact* (citad by HCOA aa % 
*Cotttfto£at front*) as of March, 1942* Sha addad tfcfct Salson believad in 
Russia and that Ceattuds* was not as bad as aoas paopla paiotsd it* 
(77-18093*4 pg 2) 

liaison was intsrviswad b^ Bttraau Agants on Wg&at 3* 1942* Ha 
axacutad a signad stataasnt In *iich lis daniad swabarship in or activity on 
bahalf of tha Co— mist Farty, tha Teoag Coasunist Laague or aiqr *#her 
organisation advocating tha OYarthrow of tha IWAaral GoTerna&nt, (77*48892*13) 

Copiaa of tho reports praparad daring tha iavastigatien conductad 
during Marcfc-Jtina, 1942, wars furnisbad to tha Dapartaaat of Stata. la a, 
lattar data* Oetobar 24, 1944* tha t*p*rt*ai!t of stata racoanaadad that tha , , 

oasa ba closad without furtfcar action and addad that Balscn's superiors in tha / 1 
Stata Dspartastft »hava m raason wtiatwtar i# be suspicious of the wan or his I 

work*" . : . ■/■.;* i ';-- t . */.• 

fha larasa conducted a loyalty inrsstigation ooncaroltg Hala&a dartag 
June-August, 1948* tha loyalty invaatigation was pradinatad nnon infnraatifta 
furniahsd by Conf idantial Inforaant faahlngtoa 7-1 



I I to tha affaet that Nalscn «lika4 

Comfttnist paopla battar than Africans "and that ha bad obssrved a mater of 
books In Mal*on*s truck which appeared to ba "Cowatrdat propaganda* 11 Substantive 
informtiou developed in tha earlier investigations was incorporated In tha 
loyalty reports. In addition, tha loyalty investigation developed inf creation 
to tha affact that leleon had hean active in tha Workers Alliance in Michigan 
and was ganarally described ty fallow employees, aeiflftbors and friends as a 
parson who often exprassed snti-capitaliat vieare and one sho likad to argue in 
ordar to show his knowledge and to wake hias*lf appaar iaportant. 

Mr* f* J. mrbmt* Chief of Police at ladiJ^ton, Michigan, statad 
during the coarse of tha loyalty inveatigation, thai Kelson was one of tha 
original ffci workers in tha Didington araa* He said that Meleoa teas ganarally 
repnted to ha one of tha aotlve ne»b*rs of tha Workers Alliance (altad by tha 
Attorney Gancrsl as Coaettnist), an organisation which grair mp within tha WPk 
and which had tha rejattation of being a Socialistic organisation. Chief airbar 
addad that ha was waUHito^wdakad with Selson and aa!4 that lalaon had never 
advocated aigr disloyal policiaa in his ptm»*mm mod that he personally had no 
proof that liaison was a aea h er of tha worker* Allianca, ir. Inward laraoa, 
City Ifcmiar, todiagtoa, Michi^n, statad that ha was AssirUnt $&£j»asr on 
local WPA pro J acts whila Salson was aaployad on tha WPA» Larson racallad that 
Nelson was a eloaa associata of Oscar Patsrsoa who headad tha lorksra Allianca 



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at &*dingtaia* 16% Desires S«tth> a pool mom propriatoi* at iMdingtOBj recalled 
that ia the early 1930 1 * Belson and hit frieads wars ia the habit of visitiag 
his astebHshaertt t or eoff ea aftsr asstiag* of their org animation which Mr. 
Saitb believad was tha warier* A13itaea» On these occasions, according to S«tth f 
Helaoa carried a fartaf oaea and it wis It, sMth's beliaf that felsoa was 
Secretary of tha organisation* Swith added that hs had never heard Nslsoa 
adwcate any polioiaa which ha considered to be disloyal. (12WL1044-35) 



u 



frederioit FaUcetfcsrg* *%*. an esployae at tha Public 8uildi*gs 7 
AdsdaiatrAtioa, saa Francisco* Calif oraia, executed a signed stetcacat in which 
ha said that ha had bam acquainted with Kelson while he* Felfeenberg* us 
employed as a soaker of tha Oaard iaree at tha State Department, narfiington, 
D. C, in 1940* F&lkenberg said it was ao«soa talk a*>ng tha Guard Force 
as well as tha euployeee of the State Department that Beleon vas a CoawtrdsW 
Falkeaberg was unable to recall specific iaformtiou in this regard- ^accept 
a conversetioa which ha had had with Selson in ahloh tha latter had atatad ha 
thought we needed a change ia QsrenuMut* felkenborg asid Miaksd Nelaon 
if ha eeent a Coaaunist govenuaant and according to ja3Acenberg, Kelson replied 
in the af firaetiw. (123^13044-2? pg 1)* 

A neabar af fallow esployees of Seleoa at Washington* s. 0.* atatad 
that ha had of ten caressed anti~capiUllst views saying that wealthy peopla 
kapt tha adddlo class down. A number of thase associate wwre of tha opinion 
that Nelson held Coasunist leanings And based their opinions on his anti-capitalist 
statements* Sen* of thasa individuals furnished any information indicating 
Ifelson's activity ia ths Communist Party or related ergsnisationa* {12l*-11044*3} 

i 

Stata Department filas contained a copy of a report on a hearing 
af forded Jfelsea by tha Stata Departmsftt on Juno 22* 1947* in which Kelson said 
tht*t ho abhored Cemamsism and considered it more dangerous to our way of Ufa \ 
than Ntsism* Baring ths Stata Department hearing* Kelson said that ha had seen |. 
tha *Hew Ifcsees* and ths "Bally Worker* on occasion bat that be was not a 
subscriber ®? regular reader of thasa publications. ( 123^31044^5) { 

Capias of tha raporto^raparsd during tha loyalty investigation wars 
fursdahed to tha Civil Ssrwioa C^wdaaiou on Augast 26 t 1948. In a latter dated 
Jamtafy 9i 1949* %&a loyalty Eewiaw Board advisid th^t Xelson was being "Retained** 



~4_ 



JUN 9 1950 



DECLASSIFICATION AUTHORITY Dill VIE" FROM: 
FBI AUTOMATIC DECLASSIFICATION GUIDE 
DATE 05-17-2013 
J63J35T85 



aka [ 



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Background 



was "born I I Prior to 19 40, Cons tantin Vaiiimarescu 

was Rumanian Minister to Chile, Uruguay and Argentina, and |__^ obtained his 
secondary education at the Lycee Francais in Buenos Aires, Argentina, He attended 
Harvard College during the school years 1940-41 and 1941-42, receiving an A.B. cum 
laude in October, 1942. Prom July 17 f 1943, to October 31, 1945, he served in the 
United States Army, being relieved of active duty as First Lieutenant October 51 T 
1945. On Sep tember 17, 1943, while serving in the United States Amy, I I 
I I was granted United States citi zenship in the U. S. District Court, 

District of Columbia, receiving Certificate ! 1 

Following his release from active duty in the Army, he was transferred 
to a position in the Strategic Services Unit of the State Department, where he was 
employed until September 23, 1946. At that time he resigned his position with the 
State Department. 



On May 2, 1945, [ 
who was born[ 



] Records of the Immigration 



and Naturalization Service indicate that his wife, an alien, arrived in the United ! 
States January 10, 1946, and that on July 2, 1946, she was granted a re-entry permit j 
in view of her intention to accompany her husband, beginning August 16, 1946, on a \ 
trip to Oslo, Norway, where t hey were to visit h er husband 1 s parents. It is noted 
that Constantin Vaiiimarescu, | | at that time was a Rumanian diplomat; 

stationed at Oslo, Norway. Passport records indicate that Vaiiimarescu' s trip did 
not begin until October, 1946. 

Upon his return to the United States, he was again given employment in 
the State Department as a Research Analyst. On June 7, 1950, he was still a State 
Department employee. : 

Investigations by Bureau 

I. Internal Security Investigation 

During May, 1946, Mr. Fred Lyon of the State Department , through Liaiso n 
channels, requested the Bureau to conduct an investigation concerning | | 

I ~~ fr ho was then employed in the European Section, Political Branch (Division ; 




of Europe, Near East, and Africa, Intelligence Office, Research and Intelligence) 
Strategic Services Unit, as an Analyst, Grade P-3. 






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Basis for Lyon* a Request j^tjjJW^^ 

Mr, Lyon furnished the Bureau an intra State Department memorandum dated 
May 6, 1946 which related in substance the following information in the nature 
of a ser ies of circums tances he "believed might he indicative of disloyalty on the 
part of 



was handling ail secret and confidential information con^ 
cerning Rumania in his section and had access to top secret material which came 
into his branch in the State Department. In December, 1946, 1 \ attended 



a cocktail party at the Shoreham Hotel in Washington, ftccomoanled by a female 
employee of the State Department whom he had invited. 



carried a manila 



envelope with him to the party which was being held in the suite of Lieuten ant Gene ral 
Vladimar Stoichev, Bulgarian Military Representative in the United States, | | 
| "{ reportedly laid the manila envelope on a chair at the party and it was sub- 
sequently ret rieved by General Stoichev. The female employee subsequently heard 
say to General Stoichev: "What do you think of my home work?" 



guest reported to State Department officials that she had 
met one Boyan Chnkanov, Bulgarian Press representative in the United States, who was 
most gracious to her and was inquisitive as to her employment. 

In January, 1946, the Strategic Services Unit was making plans to send two \ 

undercover representatives to Bucharest. One of the persons to be sent was | | 

In February or March, 1946 1 H was successful in obtaining admittance^ j 
utilizing his State Department pass, to the section of the Strategic Services Unit 

building reserved f or %-£ staff members . The female employee previously mentioned j 
worked there as did I I I I was not entitled to enter this restricted; 

section of thebuilding. He had a luncheon engagement with the female employee and i 
insisted that | l accompany them. He also insisted that they eat at a particular 

restaurant, a request which Mr. Lyon said appeared unusual. i 

The two employees who were to go in undercover capacity to Bumania ] 
subsequently were granted admittance permits by the Soviet Military authorities b6 
there with unusual speed. The reversal of prevailing Soviet policy of delay in b7c f 
issuing such permits was taken by the State Department officials as a possible 
indication that the two agents might have been identified. The issuance of these 
permits apparently o ccurred the la tter part of ipril or early May, 1946. About the 
middle of May, 1946, I I at 6:15 P.M., a rather odd hour, tried to reach 

I ~~l by telephone at the Strategic Services Unit Office. He was advised | | 
was no longer with that o rgani zation. The State Department memorandum indicated that 
I I had not seen | ] at any time after the l uncheo n mentioned above and 

did not subsequently endeavor to contact him, although | | was still in Washington. 

I t appea red to the State Department that I J ma y have been making 

the call to frs an agent for someone else to determine whether I I was still an 



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employee of Hie strategic Services Unit. The State Department memorandum asserted 
that there might have been some connection between this telephone call and the 

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rapid extension by Soviet Military authorities of the admittance permits to I I 
and the other Strategic Services Unit tinder cover agent. It pointed out that! 



| | has a reputation at the State Department for not being security conscious 
and that he is regarded somewhat of a "play boy,* 1 spending only a bare minimum of 
time at his desk. (100-345176-2) 

Results of Internal Security Investigation 

As a result of Mr. Lyon»s request, the Washington Field Office by letter 
dated May 29, 194 6, was ordered to ins titute an immediate Internal Security R invests 
gation concerning I I This investigation is reported in file 

100-345176. u r 



It was determined that the female *yt*irwa* n-p th« gf.g+.A Department, who 

was the source of the informat ion relating to|_ p contact with Lieutenant 

General Vladimar Stoichev, was I I an employee of the Strateg ic Services 

Unit. at the State Department.. .She said upon interview that I l had escorted 

her to the Shoreham Hotel during De cember. 1945 . where they had attended a cocktail 
party in the lounge. Upon arrival, | [ discovered that General Stoichev was 
in the group, as was B ayon Chokanov, the Bulgarian Press representative in thev United 



!lmfea:nav 



States. She said that had given her the impression that he was anti- 



Soviet and that during the course of the party at the Shoreham Hotel he took her 
aside and told her he suspected that Bayon Ctiukano^ was a "Bed." 



During the party, explained to I I that he had to 



leave for a s hort time and go home and get some papers for General Stoichev. 
I I who lived only a short distance from the hotel, returned in a very 

short time with the papers, w hich were con tained in a maniia envelope. He left the 
envelope on a chair and asked | | to dance. When* the party broke up those 
in at tendance repa ired to General Stoichev 1 s suite at the Shoreham. Upon arrival 
there | | rem embered the en velope had been left on a chair in the cocktail 

lounge. She reminded I | who returned to the lounge and brought the 

envelope to General Stoichev^ suite. 

I I assert ed that there was not the slightest attempt a t secrecy \ 
on the part of I I and General Stoichev. A3 for Bayon Chokanov, | 

said that he seemed to take a fancy to her and shortly after this cocktail party 
he invited ner to lunch. She accepted his invitation and lunched with him at the ; 
Madrixion Restaurant. She said he called her several times after this but owing to ■ 
her position in the State Department she felt she should not be consorting with such 
a man as Chokanov and therefore declined his invitations. 



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| [r elated that she had become acquainted with| | at 

Buch arest where sh e was stationed from November, 1944, to June, 1945. During this 
time I I consorted chiefly with the French diplomatic groxp. She saw him 

and conversed with him occasionally and she added he did not give her the impression* 



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that he was pro-Soviet. She recalled that sKe had first met 

in Bucharest . This was about Christmas time in 1944. She believed that[ 
I I had come to Bucharest from Istanbul where her father held some 

position of influence on "behalf of the Rumanian Government* 

The Washington Field Office reports se t forth the al legations received 
from I | background information concerning I l and the results of 

surveillances and auxili ary investigation c oncerning the subject. According to the 
reports of Special Agent I I dated August 22 , 1946, and November 13 , j 

1946, no suspicious activities on the part of Vai iimarescu were noted. The investi- 
gation included an examination n-fl Hpftrgmmt effects ♦ Prom these I 
personal effects it was determined that II address book contained a I 
inamhfiX_jil_fin | tries, among them being the name I , . , I j 
and the name Free World, 55 West 42nd Street, Hew York, New York. i 



i 1 * 

Concerning the name I L it is noted in formation was received inj 

an anonymous letter during 1541 that on l I was one of three international 

Communists who was reportedly coming to the United States from France in 194L. j 

(100-22951-1) j 

* 

A search of the files of the Boston Office during the Internal Secu rity i~ 

E investigation ftrf I I rftVAAiefl that in May, 1943, I I an | 

agent for the John Hancock: Life Insurance Compa ny, Somerville, Massachusetts, ! 

Branch Office, advised th at | | a student at Tufts Medical College' 

was the son of the famous I I of th e French Army, Information was j 

received from a highly con fidential source that | [ 

I "I had signed his name to a scroll or greeting to the soviet 

Army, which scroll emanated from iuf ts College, The date this information was * 

received is not set out in the Boston report. (100-34517&-6) ? b6 

I hlC 

In connection with "Free World, 11 I I an official of 

"Free World Association, " advised in 1943 that this organization, an affiliate of ! 
"Free World, Incorporated," and the "Free World Association," as "viewed from the ] 
outside, seems to he dedicated to the destruction of the Axis and the constructions 
of international cooperation," "but that "its double goal is directed toward putting 
this Association in the service of Russia-., if no t here in the United States, then j 
in Europe during its period of reconstruction, " | F urther stated that these j 
organizations were dominated by | "| (123-3010-4) .< 

V 

The Internal Security investigation of I I was: discontinued I 

upon receipt of a State Department memorandum dated December 19, 1946, which advised 
that I lhad resigned from the State Department effective September 23, 

i»46, and which stated tnat further investigation was not desired by the Department 
of State. It is noted that a copy of the report of Special Agent | ~| 

dated August 22, 1 946, was fu rnished to the State Department on October 4, 1946, and 

that Special Agent I Zl report dated November 13, 1946, was furnished to the ' 

State Department on December 11, 1946. 





NTiAL 



II. Voice of America Investigation 

On May 14, 1948, at the request o f the State Departmen t, ire initiated 
a Voice of America investigation concerning ! Thi s investigatio n 

did not develop any derogatory information relating to the loyalty of | | 

but on the contrary a number of persons who were interviewed described him as being 
anti-Communist. Copies of reports reflecting the completed investigation were 
transmitted to the State Department by le,tter dated July 16, 1948, and this letter 
called the St ate Departments at tention to the data contained in the reports of 
Special Agent |~ | which had been. furnished to the State Department 

during 1946. (123-749 ; be 



b7C 



Other References to 



in Bureau Files 



On November 26, 1948, 



]and her attorney appeared at the New York Office and related the 
t: 



following information* | | a citizen of Rumania, from October, 1946, 

to January, 1948, had been employed in the Rumanian Embassy at Washington. In 
January, 1948, after a change of government in Rumania, she was recalled but refused 
to re turn to Rumania and applied for status as a political refugee. On September 28^ 
1948, 1 ~1 and on the same day she was married f 

she received a telephone call from an unidentified man asking her- for fifty dollars j 
and telling her that if she refused the money he would reveal certain information j 
about her past to her husband. Her husband also received telephone calls from an 
unidentified man who told her husband the c same thing. Later she received a series 
of letters in a similar vein. 



Fol lowing this series o f events a man unknown to her husband but later 
identified as I I appe ared at her) -husband's office and told him 

about an affair that | had had prior to her marriage. 

I laaid that she had known I I through mutual! 

friends and that she knew he was employed by the United States State Department I 
assigned to the Rumanian desk in its New York office. She said that I I 



was doing everything he could to break up her marriage and had told her: 
see that you are deported* n 



"I will 



] said she turned over all of the letters to Inspector 



Broderick of the Post Office Department in New York City, who had interviewed 
I l and had secured ha ndwriting spec imens from him. She said Inspector 

Broderick then advised her that I I did not write the letters. 



H 



It is noted that 



is identical with[ 



I a member of the Rumanian Delegation who had been for a time an espionage 
suspect* The information concerning her is set forth in the case entitled "Rumanian 
Mission, Internal Security - R * Rumanian*" This i nvestigation was negative as to 
espionage activity on the part of I I (9-16654-1 ) 



$N«2g$] 



T\AC 





blackmail 
involving 
(123-3010-6) 



It is noted that the allegations that [ 



I endeavored to 
1 appe ar in a subsequent Voi ce of America investigation 
^1 wherein I I was given as a reference* he 

1 ' b7C 1 



Constantin Valliraarescu, [ 



] subsequent to 



resigning his position as Rumanian Minister to Argentina, was the leader of the 
Free Rumanian Movement in the Argentine* In 1947 Constantin Vallimarescu resigned 
as Rumanian Minister to Norway and in 1949 he and Marie, his wife, left New York 
City for Uruguay. It is noted that Bureau files contain no information that 
Constantin Vallimarescu has been engaged in subversive activities and allegations 
have been made that he is anti-Communist* (40-4893; 102-119-327) 




*S 



I 



OFFICE OF THE DIRE^PJK 




DO-8 



FEDX;&AL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

986 •yo 1950 



.Mr. Tolson 
.Mr. CI egg 
Mr* Glavin 
Mr . Ladd 
.Mr. Nichols 
.Mr . Rosen 
Mr . Tracy 
Mr . Harbo 
.Mr. Belmont. 
.Mr . -Carlson 
Mr. 'Winte 
.Mr . Peon-: 



.Miss Holmes 
Miss "Dougherty 
.Telephone Room 




For Your In£o = 

No t e and He t U 

File 

Betur 

Def . 



rAfcef th <F il 



Record-Route 




Records Section 
Personnel Files 
Reading Room 



Initial 



3 



^Call Me 
Re copy 



Def . Record-Return 



r.i-W 



STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



* 



TO : 

FROM : 
SUBJECT: 



Mr. Ladd 

A. H. Belmont 







- N 



Office Al^Siliiii^/^ • united wmm goyernment 



DATE: 



0. 



Charges of Senator Joseph McCarthy 

Bureau Prepared Chart on Communists In State Department 



Mr, Samuel S # Boykin, State Department, contacted Mr. Roach Mohr_ 
this morning and stated that he had talked to the Director lastnipht ™<>. rc 
concerning a proposed State Department release at 12:00 noon 
He stated that the Director approved in substance a release whicl 
would state that the charts were not prepared by the FBI and tha"| 
the State Department had verified this with the FBI and the De] 
of Justice. The release further stated that the FBI did not evt 
the material as it did not prepare it. 

Mr. Bqykin stated he wanted to call this bo Mr. Roach 1 s 
attention, but stated he had previously cleared it with the Director. 





Hone. This is for your information, 







A 




<** 



jv 



34 




>i. Ii 




A, 



>mte*t 




*} 



DEPARTMENT OP 



STATE 



ID 



3UNE: 9v 
No-. 6lk 



•I95O 



9S668* 



The-Depkr^hfent of 
false ^ the statement -by 
produced qn the Senate 
individually'listed -by. 



*S.t3a\fce- nasi already characterised as absolutely 
Senator McCarthy -that a photostat-: which he ..- • 
floor June 6 Constituted' proof. .-that three; -men 
/the FBI, as. Communist agents in 19^6 are still 



working for the 'Department • .. --,. /"" ' : , -'\; v : ,: ; J..: : :... \ 

• It -Has pointejd''<5ut 'that- the Senator ! s charg'4; weis'-- bas£d ,upon the 
completely erronediis belief that, a p/ l*9^6 chart referred ^ ; to in- the- 
photostated "document;-" a chart purportedly .evaluating 1 departmental. ., ;• 
personnel in terms, of Communist ;;''ag^nt s " , ''Communists'" >"' "• sympathiz- 
ers -;' , and. . "suspects", was prepared by the FBI*"''- ' ' ■ ; . •■ 



V 



Furthermore/, the p£partment has stated 'tiiat : - the chart 1 in.q.ues 
tion was hot prepared' fey or received from the.'.FBI, but was merely 
a working' dpcume;nt~ prepared . in the Department ! ;"s. .Security Office- as 
a basis of , .f v\r the r personnel investigations in 19^6. . 

.The .Department has also stated that np;.persons. purportedly v \. 
ident-ifi^d. ,oia that : c hart as Communist "agents" ,■; !' Communist's" and.//- 
! the like, are now .employed by the. Department except, those whdse^ ; 
\ loyalty has.. since been thoroughly checked,- evaluated; and reviewed 
I under the . President. 1 s Loyalty 'Program. ..." 



A 



*■ 1 



\ 



l vS/ 



\" '■ 

"s. 



Since the issuance of ; this statement to the press b'y the ; ',. : : 
Department, on- June^ 6 ^ I95O; .a thorough review of the chart and-, v V; 
report in. ^ quest it?n, ^together with a careful inquiry into the circum- 
stances- of /th^ir; ■^rpp^rVt-ioh and the status of persqnhel :: . involved, 
has been- made, .by the- Depart merit-. .-.- : '. *"- :: - ; . '.; : '* ■ 



• The f oXlpwing .aha lysis of Senator 
upon the - f acts'deyeioped by that study 



McCarthy ' s .speeches -..based 



!.The J ^ Bureau 
L5^ 



■ 1 ♦' .'-■ 5^P ^ : .9 T ' M c Ca r t hy told the Senate on June \6: 
( FBI ). sent ;;/t'p. the.;. State Department on that date (.May ; .--■.-- 
detailed r'statexiient' ' listing what they considered asM^yJLX/S^'vXe't 
\ agent s.-jf. 'jto V v v 2 ^ j^Cpmrhuni s t s ; No, 3 , Communist sympa^raf^er^^ 

! No. 4., suspfe.ct,? • " " ' ,, .'. \- " " — -jmSFP^J^ 



arid" 1 



f\ 



the 



■ The/ffic,ts : : : ; 
chart-, it set:' 



3Vs previously, stated by the Deparxm^.^^S^SSftierf 
'.nor. the report .of August 3> 19^6 ^n^hich. Senator 
.McCarthy -has ".cited, a reference to the chart, was pre^a^ecl b^r^g * ' 
jsent t:Q the estate .Department by, the FBI, and this has '.been.*; / ;^% 
jver.if led to the Department of State both .by the /Department. 'of' ; ^f 
Justice and by the ...FBI . .-On the contrary, the .chart ~- ^ -■■■"-■- -~«^/^ 
were -/prepa^ecl ^within "the 'Department of State, it self 
prepared. ;ori May.. 15 j •< 1946 and 'the 



and ,;the r,e^6i^ 
..TlSe' chart;'- was 
report on-. August .3^- 194.6* .<^- 



The Department of State itself., after, consultation' with;' the 
write^ of.;-the reports with- the former Security Officer under whose- 
direction and- in- whose' ■ of f i^eVthe chart- was; prepared,, with certain 
of his tha.n;:;Subordinate;sr t fami.liar with the .chart, .. and with the 
Federal Bureau . of\ invest ig at ion > and after- reviewing working papers 
which, a re— sti.il- in our Tile," Has concixisively determined 'that the. 
chart was 'not prepared or furnished by the FBI,, but was prepared as 
an investigator ' s working .document in the Department .of State in . 
19^6 and' by .-employee;^ ' of'"/ the Department of- State. Interview with 
the ' writer' of the . report 3 = who is 'Still in the Department, and the 
;Security,. ; Officer with' whom He .'had a conversation about the chart 
.established that the; writer -of : the report drew from his conversa-. 
tion with, the. Security Of fi'cer the- unintentionally erroneous con- 
clusion tn^t^h^I^art was prepared in the FBI;/' 

"- -. •-' '■■-! ^ J* A *'' 2, Senator '* ■ 



.<* ., ' "<* 



y 



R # 6l4 



2. Senator McCarthy told the Senate on J une 6% "The*, function 
of the FBI is merely that of a fact-f ih&.ing bociy" . 7. This is the 
only time it has been brought to my attention that the FBI has 
departed from its function and 'said, 'We will evaluate our own 
evr'uonue in our' flies and give it to the Department ! V Apparently, 
the reason was that they ,ijvust;. f have been ^ seriously disturbed by what 
they had in their .files . .Y" 

The_Factsj This statement Is gatentJlSL.fal.se. .--. In the first 
pXaee^'.ab pz^3¥iously stated, the chart in question Was not pre-r 
pared or submitted by the FBI to begin with. Information from the 
FBI Was included with information from other agencies -- OSS, / 
Civil Service, etc* ^ in tfre filesr which the- Stater Department per- 
sonnel consulted in drawing up the chart; but there was no FBI 
evaluation of -the State Department employees . ; 

In the second; place, since the FBI had (nothing to do with the 
preparation of the chart, ( it obviously could not hay e talked to 
itself in the manner described by Sena t oaf* McCarthy about the 
"evaluation 1 * of "evidence" concerned. Since the issuance of the 
State Department's first statement in this connection, the FBI 
has verified to the Department the fact that it not. onl^ had 
nothing to do with the preparation; of the chart but that 1 it also, 
had* nothing to do with evaluating the personnel indicated "on the 
chart as purported "Agents", "Communists", etc,, or in any other 
way. Thus, Senator McCarthy's assertion that the FBI took un- 
precedented action In the matter is utterly unfounded, arnd s his 
Inference that the FBI took such action because It Jwas "seriously 
disturbed" by the contents of Its files is pure fantasy. 

3* Senator McCarthy told the Senate -, oil June 6 :, J 1 The submis- 
sion Y>f the 1 is t of -Soviet-' 'Agent s ■$■ * Communist's ,~ and so f 6'rtH, to 
the State Department, by the FBI met with such little favorable 
activity on the p>art of the State Department , that , .s'q'far as I 
know> the Bureau "has never submitted a like chart since that, date*" 

* ■ l4- ■ ■ 

The Facets ; Though the, chart in question had not been sub- 
mitted to the Department by the FBI back in 1946 or at any other 
time it was, as a matter of fact, a working list of Departmental 
personnel on whom the Department's Security Off icer at that time 
(May 15j 1946) had received allegations which> In: -the opiriiop • 
of the Security Officers by whom the chart was prepared, warranted 
further investigation. Virtually the entire activity of the 
Security Officer and his top men at that time was directed toward 
the utilization and full development of the leads and information 
received from the FBI, from departmental investigation and other 
sources, particularly relating to the people listed on- the 1946 
chart. Moreover, on the basis of the findings and recommendations 
contained in the "Secret" report in which the chart was referred 
to, n^mergetl^ st^ps wer^ taJc^n toward qxi- improved Security set- 
up of the Department*. Including the successful direction of such 
investigations as that, leading In 1946. to l&e^ Iring, followed 
by trial and conviction, of Carl Marzani*? ~ Ss . - 

4, Senator McCarthy told the Senate Q^fliiKb o : "This (the 
language of the report) Is . not the langu^p^t>f McCa^hyi it Is 
the language of the State Departments top. inx|ij|t^^£ors. " 

The Facts:. The 




the Department '-s s . " invest 

istratlve officer of ._"_. _ ( ^ . _ 

tary Russell, in "charge of /the Department T s security program, to 

undertake, on a hlghiy^dilf lA^ntial basis, : a study in Washington 

of the operations of'Jfebe lxp{ ^tment r s organization in 1946 for 

dealing with p^oblsfe; oi^fef-slnnel security. . ■ a . - 

Senator 



i 



§ 



' ^9 W 

^ 3 _ '98SSS PR 614 

.5v" 'Senator .M cCarthy; ./ to Id^ /the, S enate , on .June , 6: "The man . 
who makes^this report ^^■; : i^et , fec^ i . '^he : only.wa^.we are going 
to , get ri"d- of'' 'the'' Gthaer^^blmun'is^.B is' ( ^c r exde,nta 4 lly by; a reduction 
'in -the' force.. .1 '\ //"B'rqlc'a:!'!" tfi'e '•Inrbrmati on. we- haye^freeh kbl'e to 
obtain'/ none;-of. the ;AeF^i : o'' w'ere lab^i^d; by* t/ne' FBiyhkve ; been 
fired*, but 'were* alijbw'€ : cT $ r ^ '■ '■" . .".' 

■ ■■ * - v = T The , Pacts: . Y, thj2 '. w.r it er. of" the' report said ' no such thing 
directly or by impliea'ti : oh,' v ^ ijis Report"' dated August 3 ( , 10^6 




merit".,. of St&tfe.V^*;- .His refer fence- '.'to reduction in- fore e ; " as a factor 
in ' eiimina ting; persons ■ named-' oh ' the chart was 'factual^ -but -it 
, .did,, not , exclude other methods . Such" other methods^ ;. Including- '~ 
; resignation^-, Which :; ;^e Senator himself -contradictorily • riaines : ' as 
'the'ohly method'"- --<tind^ j£ i'ring,,.. where investigation 1 ' supported this 
actloriV^./were^eff'ecttlve-'ly , employed". No" case 1 ' today' remains"- unre- 
; sorved;. . ' ; ■;..''. '""''.", , r ." ' ... ' '.■'"', . /\" ; -. " ' ' " . " ,; ; ; - *."\'* : '.' r '"'/. 

6.\"' Senator - McCarthy " told the Striate on ; June : . 6'S- : '- "'The- FBI- ) 
wi'seiy * Aefjusgd ■ to^.submit top s.ecret; information to the State De- 
partment?^ dangerous' individuals'. . . .Vapparehtiy not ; _ trust-' 
ing:'the^S : feate Department to*. -that-' extent .. ; ; . H ,. " .'■ "* ' -" : ---; ;-'--' : . : ' ' V . 

I *"* " effects' ! V-The FBI ha s : 'never/ re fused ^ to .make aya-i-lable to ; 
appropriate officers of the State Department through' established 
\ liaison channels 4 information concerning 'Stk'te Department ■ personnel . 

. ■ *' '. 7 • ■ . Senajboi^MoC^ ' -bn- ^un e 6:^ ^- { %t.--.lga^t 

three oT" those ' fluted ' as G^minunist agents "by" the' FBI iihree. 7 years . 

ago are still holding "high positions -"in?" the- State Department. ^. 

Those names are included among the *1,06 '""names thait : I -gave' -to' the 
. (Ty dings) committee f.i Those names I have checked' and I know the 

persons are working in .the State Department .., . -X .*.. have the 
', proof that those men are Working In the" .State Department' as of 

this, very 'moment . " -'-/*•" ■ - a ■'■'■ ; " . •■-• ; .- - "V; 
> ; '»"■ „■---.''"- -'.'■*, * . ' - J - " ■ ■' -" ■ •' *- - 1 ' . * * ■ 

""' The Fact-s i This 'statement is' absolutely false ♦ The Depart- 
ment of State has" in- its' possession the. working, chart ltself\. V- 
dated May 15.,. "1^6. Of/the'' 20. persons hypothesised on A the 
chart as "agehts'S" there; is only, one ' who - .after/thorough rein- 
vest Ig'a-tlpn' 'Including' a full. FBI^ihves'tlgatlon 3 ' and . clearance 
under" the Department ' s Loyalty and- Security 'procedures - -Is still 
in * the employ* off the- Department.. . That one d-o'es hot ho id a : *high 
position 1 '-; his grade is^-GS-9'. Furthermore; ;fchat one is. not an. the 
: llst of 106 Senator McCarthy gave the: Tydings. Subcommittee. .' s , 

' 8 « - Sena t on - McCarthy 'jold-. the' Senates . hn Jnnfr -' : 6t -"You. vrfll 
note' *that I am , . .onl l y J referring}" today \;to\ those* who are listed 
as Communist agents." \X hope' to be. able to give, the Seriate • a com- 
plete picture of how many of the total of 106- agents/* Communist 
sympathizers, and so fourth, are still on the State Department's 
payroll..." . ;• ->' : '» : . ' ■■ . **->..■"'*■... ;; ;* ' y - . -'. . \ t ,..-■"• 

The Facts ; "Any person among, those' listed on the bid' 1946 • 
working cEart referred to by Senator McCarthy' who' is still ©ir>. 
ployed in the Department "of State has-been the subject o±\ caxeful 
Investigation and has been cleared for "security ■ after thorough 
study of his case either by the Division of Security, acting with 
the benefit of the FBI f s information, or by the Loyalty Security 
Board of the Department. Each loyalty- decision h'j the .Depar tome ht ' s 
Loyalty. Board" has been ^post-audited "by the. Loyalty Review' 'Bo sir d , 
and in no case was the recommendation of the;'Department : s Boaird 
changed., ^ ''*_".. 

9+-. Senat»o.i ? 



# h 



■^ 



-if- PR 6lk 

- 9. Senator McCarthy told the Senate on June 6: "Take, for 
'example, case No. 1, which T presented on The Senate floor, the 
name has not yet "been made public, so we shall not use it now. 
The committee has the name. In that base the Loyalty Review Board 
made 5 what is known as a post-audit ,. qindiv after looking at the post- 
audit, they said, ! We are not satisfied with the finding, » They 
sent it back to/the State Department Loyalty Board, and that Board 
said 'The case is closed.' That man is still on the State Depart- 
ment payroll." ^ ■ [■ ' : 

, The fa cts; Once again, Senator McCarthy's alleged quotations 
are not quotations --they are typical misstatements. The Loyalty 
Review Board did not advise the Department of State that they were 
"not satisfied with the finding" in this case;- they did make a 
procedural recommendation, and thereafter the cas§ was not 1 "closed". 
On ,the contrary, appropriate action, was taken* by the State Depart- 
ment Loyalty- Security Board, and clearance in this ca^e , was again 
post-audited by the President's Loyalty Review Board. The Loyalty 
Review Board has in no way criticised or changed the final action 
and findings of the Department's Loyalty Security Board. 

10 • Senator McCarthy told the Senate on June 6; "... In the 
Office of. War Information, -Mr . Owen Lattimore ... went to bat for 
one Communist ... who ; had been .off i.cially turned down by the Loyalty 
Board ... and another Chinese who had been rejected by one member 
of the board. . . 

The facts : As the Department pointed out in its analysis of. 
the Senator's Rochester,. New York, speech on May 25, he now appears 
to be reduced to an a.ttempt^ to divert attention with 1943 Civil 
Service Cfrmmi'ssion clearances for Office of War Information employ- 
ment, of two Chinese. ' 

As' for Mr. Owen Lattimore, both Mr. Lattimore himself and the , 
Department of State have repeatedly reiterated, that he is not an 
employee of the Department* 

At Wheeling, West Virginia, on February 9, 1950, Senator 
McCarthy asserted in a speech; 

" . . . While I cannot take the time to. name all the men 
in the State Department who have'been named as active members 
of the Communist. Party and members of a spy ring, I have here 
in my hand a. list of 205 - a list of. names that were made 
known to the . Secretary of State as being members of the 
Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and ? 
shaping policy in the State Department." 

ThR next da:v~ be said, he had the nam^B of* "57 ^.ard-carrying 
members of the Communist Tarty" allegedly "working In the "Department . 
Later he talked in terms . of a "big three" and of 81 security risks 
of various sorts... He told the Tydings Committee to investigate 
106 cases. Eventually, he said he would stand or fall on his 
ability to prove that there was one ' "top Soviet espionage agent" 
in the State Department. 

And then, on June 6, we hear of -106 name's^' on a four-year-old 
working chart :and three "agents" purportedly still at large in the. . 
Department of State. 

But the record - the facts - speak for themselves: Senator 
McCarthy has utterly failed to show that there is a single Communist 
or pro-Communist in the State Department. His numbers change; his 

credibility does not. 

* *■ # 



New Changes- 
By McCarthy 
Called Take' 

Senator Says State 
„ Dept. Has 3 Branded 
Soviet Agents in '46 ] 



By Alfred Friendly 

I Post Reporter 

Joseph R 



t 
McCarthy (R., Wis!) 



told his Senate colleagues yeste j 
day that a minimum of three pe r- 
sons tagged as Soviet "agents"" by 
the FBI four years ago are still in 
the State Department. 
m He said he knew their, names and 



that the individuals were still hold- 



ing high position. 
! Last night the State Departme nt 
sj^id McCarthy's statement wa£ "ab- 
s$ lutely false ." 

' McCarthy's new i nformation, he 
ia dicated T came from a 1946 docu 
i$ent prepared by a State Depart- 



i ment investigator who made refer - 
^ ence to an FBI "chart" of cate- 



gories of "Communist, agents. Com- 
munists, Communist sympathizers 



and suspects " in the State DeoarF 
ment as of Mav 15. 1946. 
I Photostats Released 

]yTpr a rthv manV pnhlfr photo- 
stats nf two nages of the report, 
which summarised the alleged 
FBI tabulation as showing that on 
t hat date the totals were: _ ' j 

j Agents 20 

i Communists -. « . 13 

Sympathizers 14 

Suspects ..77 

The State Department's com- 
ment on McCarthy's newest. deluge 
of numbers of alleged subversives 
in its ranks read in part: 

"Tftg flPTiatht* haspri his charge 

unnn the rnmnlpfrplv prrppeous be? 



lief that the FBI prepared a chart 
re ferred to in the photostatic docu - 
me nt which purportedly evaluate s! 
de partmental per sonnel in ^erms 
of 'agents' 'Communists/ 'sympa- 
thi zers' and 'suspects.' 

"1. No such chart was ever r^- 



^% 



'- \ 






Wf v 



^ 



.Of 



* ***** hv the State Dep artment 
fr om the" FBI. 
"«2. The TJ^partment of Justice 
\^ Informed us that no such chart 
™« fyer prepared by the Fin. 

^'3. The chart in question wa s 
merely a preliminary docume nt 
pre pared by one of tne State De- 
partment s security officers as 'a 
h^ ^loiH "rther investigation. ' 
~ J, 4. No v persons purportemyi 
ider.tified on that chart as Com- 
munist agents, Communists afcd 
Vthe like ar e now, employed \b y 
the State Department except those; 
whose loyalty has since been thqr- 
jfoughly checked, evaluated and 
reviewed under the President's 
Loyalty Review Board." 

The department promised it 
would issue a further statement 
on the subject. In the mean- 
time, officials indicated that the 
docr.ment, was a working paper 
of an investigator, comprising list- 
ings of all people under suspicion, 
or against whom charges had been 
leveled. , 

The . photostat that McCarthy 
circulated, however, included. 



passage in which the State Denart - 
ment investigator and author of 



the document said r 'TBI has pre- 



p ared a chart, now in the possesion 
erf (name deleted) which purpor ts 
t o show a number of 'agents' . . r 
The investigator, however. .^a p- 
parently seriously miestinne^ the 
^T BI' classifications T for he sai d! 
" It turned ou t t.n»* th* Fm h^ 
produced no convincing proof thaf 



Arsons was, an artnal agpnj. 



any p 

In other words. FBI had made n o 
case to show espionage or a viol a- 
tion, nf the Foreign Ag ents Regis - 



t ration Act , or simila r legislation , 
in any case. The word 'agent' was 



th erefore being used by the Fg l 
. . . t o mean simply a suspect i n 
espionage activities. 



"Am proof nf artnal Communist 



Party membership had hppn pro- 
duced 1)Y tuft FBI. The word 
'Communist/ therefore, was used 
merely to describe cases of such 
close affiliations as to lend cre- 

j derice to a hypothesis that the per- 
son in question was a member— a 

. fact still to be proved." 

McCarthy added that the word 

("sympathizer" was also subject tq^ 
farther of such qualifications an 

tlae word "suspect" was apparent! 
an all-inclusive one and "it might 
or might not include anything 

iiSignificant." _ ._ 




^■^Tracy 

y'yHarbo 

w^V*3 elmont 
f Mohr 



Room 



NgvgrffieTpgg, McCarthy foM.fhor 
S enate. U the FBI classed a man? 
as an agent or Communist, h e was 



w illing to accept its judgment. 

" !l!hal to me is proof* he said . 
" In my book that is proof despite 
a ll the screaming and squealing "o f 
Hlose who say, "McCarthy, you 
shouTo" — — 




n,ot expose them hpfiausg 



you are injuring those poor people; 
yotr are smearing them r 



Senator Knowland (R~ Calif.), 
commenting on the disclosure, said 
the material was "by far the most 
significant direct evidence" so far 
presented in* the controversy over 
McCarthy's charges of "Communist 
infestation" of the Government in 
general and the State Department 
in particular', 

Knowland said the serial sen- 



ate Foreign Relating fgijimim^t. 



tee investigating -McCarthy's anon 
sations would he "dereTiM" fa jfrj 



duty if it did not at once use its 
subpena powers to obtain the orig- 
inal documents, incmriiny th« fff[ 



rWf rfferrffl tn 

*He added that unless the pri- 
sons named by the FBI wer# 
discharged, "it seems to me thert 
may be a case for impeachment 
somewhere along the line." * 




3&# 




ft 



Senator Ives <R., N, Y.) rose to 
Compliment McCarthy for his "ef- 
fective presentation" and "con- 
structive approach". in connection 
with his new material. It was much 
more effective, Ives said, than 
"coming here arid naming names." 

He chided McCarthy gently for 
not having enough faith in the de- 
sire of the other 95 Senators to 
root out subversives, Ives insisted 
they were as eager to do so as v ( ?as 
McCarthy. 

But he went on to.xsiupllment 
McCarthy highly f orchis "new ap- 
proach" and to wish him good luck 
in it. 

. Last ' Thursday Ives Joined six 
other Republican Senators in a 
ylyehement blast, clearly directed at 
^[McCarthy, against smear tactics 
and irresponsible accusations whi$e 
protected by congressional im- 
munity for liber action. 

Two days later, however, in Ives* 
presence, the Young Republicans of 
his State unanimously indorsed 
McCarthy's campaign and "the 
spirit in which it was brought." 

Earlier yesterday, even before 
Ives complimented McCarthy on 
the Senate floor, he declared that 
there was "accumulating evidence 
that the Administration is trying 
to whitewash the State Depart- 
ment" on the Communist charges. 

The White Ho ^g, Tm»fln,tim£ 
! deferred action yesterday 
■ [imnnrted plan in namp ». nn 
partisan citizens commission 



•t nTeT*outstandinff persons to r e- 
view the files of some or all of 
ft he persons McCarthy has ac- 
~ cusej£„ 

file plan, anticipated in pretjs 
reports, came up for debate yes- 
terday in connection with Mc- 
Carthy's speech. McCarthy him- 
self referred to the idea disdaifc- 
Ifully, calling it a "trumped up" 
(device, which would simply render 
"another whitewash." 
I Senator Mundt (R., S. Dak.) took 
a more hopeful view, but insisted 
i such a commission could not re- 
turn a report that would win the 
confidence of the American people 
and of Congress unless it was bi- 
partisan in nature and unless the 
Republicans were selected by the 
Republican members of Congress, 
and not by the President. 

And all Republicans who spoke, 
insisted that the full files on al( 
the cases must be made available? 
#> it, and that they should havU 
; >een made available long sinej 
ft© the special Senate investigat- 
ing subcommittee. 



■xJun 7 mo 



X. 



•STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



V 



Office Memorandum '• united states government 



TO 



FROM 



SUBJECT: 



THE DIRECTOR 



D. 



IAPD 




DATE: June 9. 1950 

i 



CHARGES OF SENATOR JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY 
CONCERNING FBI CHART ON COMMUNISTS 
ALLEGEDLY GIVEN TO THE STATE DEPARTMENT 
(Washington Post news item of 6- 7~5>0) 




Reference is made to the attached newspaper article -which appeared wie. 
in the Washington Post on June 7, 19J>0 setting forth criticisms by thej ^^? Nease 
State Department of FBI investigations as quoted from a State Department ^^.^ 
document in the possession of Senator Joseph R* McCarthy* You commenced on/ 
this by stating: "We ought to run this down. Find out -who in State l|ep; 
this criticism of FBI & what it is based on* H. u y% 

This matter was covered in my memorandum to you of June 7, 1950 from/,/ 
information obtained by Mr* Roach in the State Department that the newspaper f\^ 
article reflects the direct quotations by Senator McCarthy from the Spate Department 
report prepared by Mr. Samuel Klaus of that Department on August 3* lj?U6 
report of\*KLaus r (a copy of which the Bureau has now obtained) was ±rmt^ 
a survey he made of the Security and Investigative Branch of the Stsrt e '^^ajstfnent 






in -which he criticized their operation and also that of. the FBI, As 
pointed out; numerous statements of fact were totally erroneous in this r 
particularly those in which KLaus states that the FBI prepared a chaiftj 

In view of the total unreliability of KLaus, plus his antagonistic attitude 
toward the Bureau ^over a number of years, it is not believed advisable that we 
should interview him at this time* If you feel however that some action should be 
taken in this matter, it is believed that it -would be more effective, as far as the 
Bureau is concerned, to prepare a letter to either Under Secretary Wabb or Deputy 
Under Secretary Peurifoy protesting the statements made by KLaus in has report 
which has resulted in the erroneous newspaper comments 



ATTACHMENT 



9 /o^>-^^^ 




?s* 





a 



<§P*0 r H JCN 22 1950 



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Jun« 34,1950 






ilBon 


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acy 


'^(ift^/S 


rbo ^NjOSE 


hr ' -'^^N^V^ 


16. ROOB 7^ 

ase 


tidy 





PERSONAL Aft) 

B? SftKClAl. MSSSEWffiR 



HonoraUL« Jama E, J^atjto 
Undaj» Secretary of Stat* 
D*i>artment of State 
Washington, B, 0, , 

ifcarU*» ]fcbbi' : '-'-V;V ^V-v^ 



■otf 





6^.. 



i 



Keoent newspaper articles haro con« to ay attention containing 
statements made by Senator Joseph R« UcCarthy, wherein he quoted excerpts 
from the State Department report prepared by Hr* Samuel Klaus of you? 
Department which x^exred particularly to an alleged "FBI Chart,* 

the obiminte mde by Mr# Klaus in his report concerning thle 
alleged! , "FBI Chart*, as they appeared In the newspapers* were completely 
erroneous* IMe Bureau did not send any such chart to the State 
Department! and, of wurae, wde no eraluation of inf ojnoatlon as was 
Indicated In the report./ The author of the report took occasion to 
criticise the F$I in thle report. This Bureau does not claim to be 
infallllxLei howevert it app^re that, if the State Department bed any 
questions concerning the rejpori, the matter should have been die cussed 
with ue at that time* I /want to point out that the erroneous statements 
made by 3fi% Klaus wetfe highly embarrassing and pre judicial to the FBQCv 

• ■ As you are aware^ this Buraau cooperates fully with your 
Department through established liaison channels* I thought you would 
be interested in knowing the true facts in this matter, and thsy ere 
being itarnlshed to you for whatever action you may dew desirable* 

'■v. //■.-.'"/-••;. v- ,'-.- j - "V vy 7 *".; Sincerely youriti ^ : :;^.,.:\,^'^ ■-.'■ 



\ 






■v 
X 



,*> 



John Edgar Hoover 




* •: 



^ R^jOHBthkejsink 



JUR 15 1950 





hi 



s 

o 

PCJ 

52? 






.^giom^^ lj 



■J& 



STANDARD FORM NO. 64 



Office Memom L 







• UNITED STAVES GOVERNMENT 



TO 

FROM 

SU 



BJECT: 




DATE 




Jane 20, .1950 
4:15 p.m. 



f 



Mr.Talson' 

Br. E. A. T555 
Br. Clegg 
Mr. Glavin 



Lk: %4»<v; 



^ 



d 



About one week ago, a ^letter was addressed to Undersecretary 
of State James E. Webb, marked Personal and Confidential, concerning 
the aHegofli ggBI, chart w hich was mentioned by Senator Joseph R. — 
McCarthy. This charCwas mentioned by the Senator as coming f romjp " 
State Department report* // ^p 3 <T8 ^ O^ .4" >V^^ 




Pennington 
Mr. Qulnn Tamnf 
Tele. Room 
Mr. Neaee " 
-Mi! 



u 





The Bureau letter to Undersecretary Webb advised him that *be^ 
alleged "FBI chart" was contained in a report prepared t>y Mr# Samuel |hP 
KLaus of the State Department and that the comments made by Mr # KLaus were 
completely erroneous, Mr» Webb was advised that the Bureau did not send a 
chart to the State Department* \ t 

^ ■■•'.' 4i>. 

Special Agent R, W. Lawrence of the Liaison Section telephoned from/WA - 
the State Department at A:10 p.m», this afternoon, and advised that Assistant 
Secretary of State Peurifoy has requested the use of this letter at his ap- 
f g_ pearance before the Tydings Committee tomorrow morning, June. 



jXjAgent Lawrence is awaiting a telephonic answer so 



advised concerning this matter. 



RECORDED 






.. . *&fM» 

FBI, it is recommended that clearance be given for EeWif&y^ v~L/J& 9< >' 
-- -- " as he seas fit. AHB:tlc i -U ... hS Msif JsT** 



ADDENDUM: A tickler copy of the !HM£^b2|^b81 
attached. Inasmuch as this represents the position v 6'f 



it _ 

m 




&/■*<© 














V 



/ 



ADD 2 ANERASW <124lf») 

3. TYDINGS SOUGHT TO SPEED UP CONCLUSION OF THE COMMUNIST 
INVESTIGATION BY ORDERING A SUNDAY NIGHT CUT-OFF DATE ON SENATORS* 
EXAMINATIONS OF THE 81 LOYALTY FILES, THE COMMITTEE HAS MAD ACCESS TO 
THE Fl£gS f LOCATED IN THE WRITE HOUSE CABINET ROOM, FOR ABOUT TWO 
MONTKS. * • ' 

DINGS REVEALED THAt ME HAD REQUESTED THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT AND 
THE FBI TO INVESTIGATE MCCARTHYS OFT^REPEATED ALLEGATIONS OF FILE 
ANPERIM6. THE WISCONSIN SENATOR HAD TERMED THE RECORDS "DENUDED 
LOOSE LEAF FILES" FROM WHICH DAMAGING INFORMATION H*B BEEN REMOVED. 
TYDINGS SAID THAT THE RESULTS Of A PILE-BY-FILE EXAMINATION WERE MADE 
AVAILABLE TO RIM BY THE DEPARTMENT TODAY AND THAT THE REPORT 
SHOWEBf 

"1. THE FILES ARE IHTACTt 

•2. THE FILES HAVE NOT MEN RAPED* . 

"3. THE FILES HAVE NOT BEEN SKELETONIZED OR TAMPERED WITH," 

THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT'S LETTER. TYDINGS SAID. WAS SIGNED BY PEYTON 
FORD. ASSISTANT TO THE ATTORNEY GENERAL. TYDINGS DECLINED TO MAKE 
THE TEXT PUBLIC ON GROUNDS THAT IT CARRIED THE NAMES OF THE THUSFAR •. 
PUBLICLY UNIDENTIFIED INDIVIDUALS COVERED BY MCCARTHY'S "gl CASES." 
LAID BEFORE THE SENATE IN FEBRUARY* 

TYDINGS REPORTED THAT IN MORE THAN ONE-HALF OF THE CASES "FULL 
FIELD INVESTIGATIONS* HAD BEEN CONDUCTED AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT'S 
REQUEST BY THE FBI, / 

"I HAVE BEEN ADVISED BY FBI AGENTS THAT ALL OF THE MATERIAL GATHERED 
BY THE FBI TOUCHING ON THE LOYALTY OF THE EMPLOYES IN QUESTION HAS BSEM 
SENT TO THE STATE DEPARTMENT AND ARE PART OF THE FILES WHICH OUR 
COMMITTEE HAS EXAMINED, « TYDINGS SAID. 

6/21— JW1239P 




WASHING 



;ws 



NEWS SERVICE 



STANW&& FORM NO. 64 



'M 



Office Metnovcmdum • united states government 



I 






TO 



J 



FROM 



The Director 



D. It. ladd 




SUBJECT: 



V 






STATE DEPARTMENT FIIES ON INDIVIDUAIS NAM) 

BY SENATOR MC CAR1HI 

LOIALTY OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES 



date: June 22, 1950 






LaiW_ 



'[ALL 
EJJEBTJ IS uk^ 



OSES* 



ssow* 



mclJlleiC^L 



/-- 



RPOSE 



5 



To advise you regarding check of Bureau files relative to dissemina- 
tion of information to State Department on the cases mentioned by McCarthy 



Tele. Rooo 



v A and to inform you that we have made no examination of the State Department filwp*. 
; V\ to ascertain whethe r they have been tampered with as alleged by Senator 



^\\ McCarthy nor have we advised Senator Tydings that all of the material gathered 
\ 1 by the Bureau touching on the loyalty of Hie 81 individuals in question has been 

^ ) I J- A. _ -L! OL_J-_ Y"» J L Ji •_ — J. -A J.1 All, l_*_t_ J.1 fTU_J J — O.JL. 






^ 



\ 



1 






fc 






sent to the State Department and is a part of the files which the ladings Sub- 
committee examined* 

BACKGROUND 

Bie United Press news tickler yesterday carried a statement that Senator .^ 
Tydings had revealed he had requested the Justice Department anl the FBI to in- S^V 
vestigate Senator 3fcCarthy*s allegations of State Department file tampering and x^ 
that the results of a file -fey-file examination were made available to Tydings by K 
the Justice Department and shared that the files were intact, had not been raped v 
and had not been skeletonized or tampered with. The press release reports 
Senator !Fydings as referring to Justice Department letter signed by Peyton Ford, 
the text of which Senator ladings declined to make public on grounds that it 
carried the names of the thus far publicly unidentified individuals covered by 
Senator JfcGarthy f s 81 cases. Senator Tydings is also quoted as stating, "I have 
been advised by FBI Agents that all of ihe material gathered by the FBI touching _ 
on the loyalty of the employees in question has been sent to the State Department %S 
and are part of the files which our Committee has examined." z 

With respect to the comment by ladings concerning a request of the Justice ^ 



*b 



\ 



X 



T 



Department and the FBI to investigate Senator MsCarthyVs allegations of State 
Department file tampering and Senator Tydings comment that the result of a file^by-^ 
file examination had been made available to him by the Justice Department, you 
: ^oted> TDid we make airy such check?"'. 

^y II You may recall that by memorandum of Hky 10, 1950, Peyton Ford furnished 

h us with a list of the 81 individuals whose names were included on a "subpoena" 
\ f lijfi* received from the Tydings Subcommittee. In this memorandum Peyton Ford ad- 
£^^ e< * us "k^ 81 * ^ e Attorney General wished to prepare at the earliest possible 
^ftoi09nt a letter to Senator ladings listing, first, those individuals in the group 
on Ttfiom loyalty investigations were conducted and attaching copies of the Bureau's 
transmittal letters or memoranda to the Civil Service Commission. It was also 
pointed out in Mr, Ford*s memorandum that in the group of 81 case; 
would be cases in which a loyalty investigation was never 
which investigations were instituted but later discontinued 

* !0^ ' 



a 



o 
u 

a 



o 

LU 



CHS$HRJ/3hs iX 



&° 




• • 



had left the Government servicej that it was desired the Bureau list these indi- 
viduals with an indication of what transpired in this respect and that we also make 
identifying reference to any memoranda forwarded to the State Department prior to, 
during or following the loyalty investigation in those instances where a loyalty 
investigation had been conducted and also in those instances where no loyalty in- 
vestigation had been made. 

In accordance with this request of Ifr. Peyton Ford, we prepared a brief 
setting forth the material he had requested and furnished it to him under date of 
May 15, 1950. 

Ihis brief which was furnished to the Department to assist the Attorney 
GeiBral in preparing a letter to Senator Tydings is probably the basis for Senator 
Tydings* comment since it is noted he alludes to a letter received by him signed 
by Bayton Ford* However, it is noted that Tydings is reported as stating that the 
results of a file-by-fila examination were made available to him by the Department 
and that this report showed that the files were intact, had not been raped, had 
not been skeletonized or tampered with. The only files that we have examined are 
the Bureau files and we have made no file-by-file examination of the State Department's 
files in connection with this matter for the purpose of determining whether they 
contained all the material which has been furnished to the State Department by the 
Bureau concerning the 81 individuals in question* 

With further reference to this particular matter, you may recall that by 
memorandum of May 9, 1950, I advised you that Mr* Bsyton Ford had advised Mr* Nichols 
and me that he was going to assign l&ke Horan from his office to review all of the 
State Department files which the President was making available to the ladings Sub- 
committee prior to the time they were made available to the Consnittee f or the 
purpose of blocking out the names of any confidential informants or sources which 
should be protected in Bureau reports* Mr. Ford requested the Bureau to make an 
Agent available to work with ffike Horan on this project* Both W. Hichols and I 
advised him that we could not do thisj that the FBI should not be a party to review- 
ing the State Department files prior to the time they were made available to a 
Senate Committee by the President* Mr* Ford then suggested the Bureau migit go 
through its own files, checking the material which has been sent to the State Depart- 
ment to see if there are any names which the Bureau desired blocked out as un- 
desirable for the Committee to see and we again pointed out that this also would be 
impractical ani unwise* It was suggested that in Hie event lake Horan was going to 
make this review that if, during the review of the reports, he had any questions 
regarding any particular reports, he then contact the Bureau* You noted on my 
memorandum of May 9, 1950, "Right* I want no part to review of such files or the 
blocking out of information* H 

With respect to the conment attributed to Senator Tydings that he had been 
advised by FBI Agents that all of the material gathered by the FBI touching on the 
loyalty of the employees in question had been sent to the State Department and was 
a part of the files which the Tydings Subcommittee examined, you noted, "Is this 
correct?"* life have never made any such comment to Senator Tydings* 

ACTION 

None. Ihis is for your information. 

- 2 - 



fAHDARD FORM NO. 64 



• 



■*"'" Qffa e Memorandum .• United stMes gov 



1 




TO 



FRO 



DIRECTOR, FBI , 

*WGUY HOTTEL, SAC, WASHINGTON FIELD 




April 



date 



concern; 



subject: SU B-COMMITTEE OF SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMUTES 
XQSOAXiONS OF SENATOR JOSEPH MCCARTHY 
LOYALTY OF GOVERNMENT EMPL0IEES 

Reference is made to ay pluvious letter of this 
captioned matter . ri f 

At the conclusion of the questioning by "Chief Counsel MORGAN, 
Senator HICKENLOOPER took up the questioning of Mrj^Rg$DftR.» He first 
inquired as to whether BR051DER had ever been a menfcer of the International 
Workers Order. The witness stated he had not but admitted having attended 
meetings and to have been very familiar with the organization* Senator 
HICKENLOOPER then brought up again the matter of Mr* BHOHDER's contact with^ 
SUl^^jELLBS at the time the latter was Undersecretary of State, regarding 
Chinei^f ©reign policy. He was specifically asked why ^e had transmitted 
the information furnished to him by Mr. WELLES to Madam^ j5Dl^IA^€E,N y _ - 
BROADER stated that the understanding between him and Mr. WELLES was that 
he was to be permitted to publish the information and that he furnished it 
to Madame SEN with the hope she would publish it in China • 




ft 1 






U 



Senator HICKENLOOPER then questioned the witness regarding the 
change in American foreign policy toward China, asking him if it were not 
so that the Communist Party had succeeded in having the American foreign 
policy changed to fit in with their own ideas. Mr. BROWDER stated that 
this was not so but that the State Department had changed it because of 
the necessity in the carrying on of the war and' that the Communist Party 
apparently recognized the need for this line ojf action prior to the State 
Department. He did admit that the Communist Party policy as advocated was 
substantially incorporated into the policy of the United States. 



,i 



v. 







Senator HICKENLOOPER then questioned the witness as to whether or 
not he had ever conspired with anyone or attempted to secure the transmittal 
of confidential information from American Government sources to the Soviet 
Government or agents of that government. Mr. BROWDER denied that he ever 
had. He then asked him specifically if he had ever delivered any information* 
or caused to be delivered any information to the Soviet Government or its 
agents to which question Mr. BROWDER issued a definite denial. 



H. 



a 

aj 



>- 

a. - 
o 
a 

a 

a 

cc - 

8 

I - 

3 



Senator KECKENLOOPER then questioned him concerning his visit 
Russia in 1946 but no new information regarding his trip was developed. 
He then questioned him about International World Communism and his views 
and the views of the Party regarding that .situation, but BR08DER evaded 
the question by stating that the discussion would consume too mucth ttimp, 
possibly running into years* \ > 



to 



U - 



»* e 



121-13947 
JJC:JIF„ 

^U± V i; 



^ tis, 



//ALL I: 
r^ HERE! 



4 

t Vi.- 1 1 ; . . / '» 

,l\) Ui 









RECORDED - 72 
lTA!»(ED - 72 

D ^ 






It) t &£*>-£& 

! • VA 




j i 



h 



tt 



I 



Letter to Director, FBI * 2 - April 27, 1950 

ALLEGATIONS OF SENATOR MCCARTHY 

IfiE 

He was then asked concerning the advocacy of the Communist form 
of government in this country and was questioned as to whether such a 
directive had ever been received from the Soviet Government* BRCWDEH 
claimed that he did not advocate or believe in the Communist form of 
government for the United States and that it was contrary to SSAUN.'s- 
policy, stating that 5TALIH had \ only contempt for leaders of another 
country who would take orders directly from Moscow* Senator HICKENLOOFER 
then asked him how he reconciled that with the MARSHAL TITO situation in 
Yugoslavia* Mr* BHCWEER did not make any observation in regard to this* 

Going back to his previous testimony that while in Russia in 1946, 
BROWSER had made an agreement with Soviet publishers to promote the sale 
of their books in this country, he stated upon questioning from Senator 
HICKEljILOOPER that he had severed this connection with the Soviet publishers 
in July, 1949* He also denied upon questioning that he had ever received ^ ^ 
any instructions from Moscow on how to proceed in accordance with Communist 
Party doctrine and he denied that he had ever communicated with Russia as 
to what position Communists in the United States should take on certain 
issues* He stated he had sought consultation with the Communist Party of 
Russia relative to problems of the world and of America but that he had 
had no such contact with the Russian Government* BROODER also stated | 
these consultations did not amount to a conspiracy but only concerned 
political views and the furtherance of a program for progress* At this 
point BROWDER pointed out to the committee at the present time he is not a 
spokesman for any organization and therefore, did not feel he was in a 
psition to speak concerning the off icial policies of the Communist Party* 

He was then asked if during his tenure of office in the Communist 
Party, they had conspired to overthrow the Government of the United States 
and he denied -that such was the case while he was a member or office holder 
in the Communist Party* 
* " ■' '■'"*""■ ■ ' ■ * *> 

fHe was then questioned concerning his acquaintance with AIGIiHftHXSS; V 
and he claimed he had never heard of HISS until FBI Agents contacted horn 
and requested him to identify a photograph which he later learned was that 
of ALGER HISS. He claimed prior to this contact, he never saw nor heard 
of ALGERtJQSS before* He, upon questioning, also denied that he knew 
liKITTAKE^QAMBERS but admitted that he did know CHAMBERS was a Communist 
.Party memoer in the early 1920s* He stated that CHAMBERS had disappeared 






r < 

j? 

i 

f 



i 



latter to Director, FBI ■■ . - 3 -'■■'-.' April 27, 1950 

ALLEGATIOHS OP , SENATOR lieCARTHX 

as far as he knew and he, therefore, suxmised he was out of the Party. 
BROHDER then was questioned concerning the receipt of funds, or equivalent 
thereof, from the Communist Party of Russia, Russian Government or agents 
of either of these two groups* BB0HDER stated that in connection with the 
Spanish Civil War, he received funds from sources abroad to help in the 
organization of the International Brigade; however, he refused to divulge 
^ the identity of the sources of these funds since he felt it would possibly 
involve someone in trouble in the year 1940 over saae thing that had 
happened in 1937 ♦ He . categorically denied he had ever received any funds 
from, sources abroad for promoting the Communist Party program in the United 

— States * TShen asked specifically if he had ever attended any conferences 

- in the Russian Embassy in Washington, t> * C*, or in any of the Russian 
Consulates, with regard to Communist Party activities in this country, he 
claimed that he never had. He admitted upon questioning that he was ac- 
cpiainted with FBEDEEECK VANDBRBniT/fQEII) and stated that he first met him 

\ ( ^.. in 1941* He denied that he had ever seen him in the Communist Party 

Headquarters in New York City and denied that he ever assigned him to any 
mission for the Communist Party or for the purpose of engaging in espionage 
y J- activities* In this connectipn he also stated he had never requested any 

$°\j/ one to perform espionage activities on behalf of the Communist Party or 

the Russian Government* V v *i -t 

He was then asked if he had ever been in contact with one 43HSM&- 
r> WOO ( p h) * BROWSER admitted that he had been in contact with this indi- 
vidual, the last time being when the Chinese Delegation was en route to 
the United Nations Conferences in San Francisco, California* He refused 
to state what had been discussed at this meeting, stating the nature of 
the^iiscussion was highly fcqnfidential* He refused to state whether 
JOHN^HOGE and JOHN ZiST^^WSSSll ^vb present at this meeting* He 
also oreSUsed to admit knowing PHEU^^AFFE and would not state whether or 
nob he was at the meeting above referred to* BROHDER claimed he felt he 
should have the permission of the man involved since the discussion con- 
cerned problems of a confidential nature dealing with the United States 
and that it was Impossible to obtain the permission of the person involved, 
namely Mr* W90* {Jm^, ■- 






/• 



At this point BfiDTOER engaged in a tirade against 'fishing 
expeditions and "smear campaigns 1 * and stated he would refuse to answer 
as to whether or not he knew individuals because if he admitted being 
acquainted, it would jeopardize their careers in public life* 



w 



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if 



i 



Letter to Director, FBI - 4 - April 27, 1950 

AIXEGAKONS OF SENATOR McGABTHY f -^ 

In furtherance of this line of questioning, BROWSER also refused. r r ^ £ ^> 
to state whether Iqsu mLJM&LIJ^ to in atte^ ^ j> & ( 

pren^ With wgarin^^ finally did f^W^itf 

fiaffiTTl^wqaestioning tha t he had met JAFffi^aJLa J&nmnmi^ <bf^M*\ 

in New York City* **" "" T m 

lith regard to jIl^ETBRS, BRCfDBR characterized him as a minor \ 

functionary in the Party arid stated he had not seen him in the Party circles 1 
for the past few years ♦ He denied that he had ever requested PETERS to \ 

obtain espionage inf ormation for him and also denied he had received infor- 
1 nation from PETERS to engage in espionage activities* He denied he had 
ever received instructions from anyone to engage in the gathering of con- 
fidential information contrary to the best interests of the United States* 

Senator HECKENLOGPER then referred to the previous testimony of 
BROWSER concerning his visit to China in 1927 and 1928* In answer to 
questioning, BROWDER stated that at the time he was Secretary of the 
Kansas Gity Trade Union and that while in China during that period he 
worked veay closely with the Chinese Communists . He also stated in 
response to questioning that during the period from 1921 to present, he 
had made about eighteen or twenty trips out of the United States* When 
asked if he had ever declared his official connection with the Communist 
Party when re-entering this countxy from these various trips abroad, 
BROWMSR stated he had not and he was not aware of any such requirement « 

When questioned concerning ELIZABETH TBBSn^EMIM, BROWDER 
stated that he knew her but did not know her as a Communist, only as a 
secretary and employee. He claimed not to have any knowledge that she 
attended any policy meetings of the Communist Party and that to the best 
of his knowledge, she had never received any espionage assignments or 
furnished to him ^ny information of a security nature. He further admitted 
that he knew JACOEj^OLOS, now deceased, and denied that he had been present 
at aay meeting where Soviet representatives conferred with GOIOS or Miss 
BEKTIEY. 

Regarding his trip to Russia in 1946 after his expulsion from the 
Communist Party, USA, BHOWDER stated in answer to a question by Senator 
HXCKENI0OPER that he had had a conference witH^IOTGV during his stay in 
Moscow. He denied that he had been in contact, nowever, with any leaders 
of the Communist Party in Moscow as such, claiming that he had only seen 
&DL0TOV and another individual whose name sounded llfi&ISSGIISa:* He claimed 



i 



Letter to Director, FBI - 5 - April 27, 1950 

AHEGATIONS OF SENATOR MCCARTHY 

\ 

he did not wish to name aqy of the other individuals with whom he had been 
in contact during his visit to Moscow at that time* 

When asked if he were acquainted with &BEJfIJiXER r he stated he I 

recognized the name as being that of a union leader but would not elaborate ! 
further* He refused to statejwhether or nobOje iknew FLAXBR as a Communist* j 
TShen asked if he knew D0K)THmENT0M and a Mr*^ANSEN, he refused to answer, J 
again lashing out at the Committee, labeling their inquizy a *smear»* 
He also would not answer the question as to whether he knew these individuals I 
to be Communists* He was then asked if he knew the following individuals; | 

NATHAH GEEGO^j^LVERMASTER - 

JOHNfcABT' :. ■? 

NATHAB^T^ 

ALBERT 

BR0JH3BR refused to answer* He was then asked ] if he had attended any meetings 
at the "Daily Worker or any other place where BUEBNZ was present* He claimed 
that he could recall two or three meetings which were held at BR0WDER f s office 
where BUEENZ was in attendance* He claimed that staff members of the Communist 
Parly were also present at these meetings and that the discussion concerned 
tte work of Communists among members of the Catholic fai*&, which was a 
project that BUEENZ felt he could engage in with pr^fip* BRO0DBR claimed 
he could not recall whether TOIJMI"S^FOSTER or JAC^TACHBL were present 
at these meetings* He was then asked it STACHEL had ever directed him to 
obtain secret information to which he replied in the negative* He also 
denied he had ever received any directive from Moscow instructing him to 
engage in the obtaining of secret information* TBith regard to BtJBENZ's j 
.position as Managing Editor of the *Daily Worker", BRCTOER claimed that in ; 
V\ Jttiis position BTJBENZ had nothing to do with policy but that his sole function , 
£7 (was to act as a technical man* 

Senator TIDING then began questioning the witness regarding his 
refusal to answer as to whether he had knowledge that HANSEN or KENTON were 
members of the Communist ?arty and he reluctantly stated as far as he knew, 
neither individual had any organisational connections as members or friends 
of the Communist Party* 



i 



Letter to Director, FBI - 6 - April 27, 1950 

ALLEGATIONS OF SENATOR McCAEEHY 

'■■■.- ' LGE • ' ■;■:.; ;• v / ■' . ■ v * . 

He was then further questioned about his meetings with individuals 
in the State Department and he stated that he had met with SUMNER THEIIES 
who was then Undersecretary of State, once in 1942 and again in 1943* He 
stated the meeting in 1942 was in connection with a speech he, BROWDER, 
had made concerning th£ U* S# Foreign Policy in China and that it was 
at the request of Mr* WEIIES that he contacted him, at which time, according 
to his stoqr, Mr. 1B3LLES had pointed out that he. was in error in his cobh 
plaints about personnel in the State Department and that he was not aware 
of the true situation* He further claimed that in 1943 he had contacted 
Mr* flEHBS concerning a proposed trip to Mexico since he felt that in 
fairness to the State Department he should give them notice in advance* { 
He further said at this time Mr. WELLES requested him not to make the trip ; 
to Mexico and that he did not go* He subsequently determined that the i 
reason for the request was the fact that President ROOSEVELT was meeting ''[■■ j 
with the President of Mexico in Monterrey at that time and bad BHOISDBR l ' / 
pursued his planned itinerary, he would have passe<ithjpough Monterrey j 
at the time of the meeting. He further stated IWBBra^ttaHOR, ah official \ 
of the Communist Party was with him at the meetings wifla WEIIES* When j 
asked if he had ever cooperated with the Office of Strategic Services, he 1 
£ jPstated he did. not cooperate personally but that he knew there were members 
* JtiP £ the Camnunist Party in this organization* BRCgJ3ER stated LAUCHLIN ( 
I URHEB was with SUMMER YJELIES at the «mt.1 ngs ■ V^* / *w, ee^^f^" \\ 

He was then questioned by Senator TIDIMGS regarding membership 
on the part of CARTER or SERVICE in the Communist Party and BROWDER^ after ; 
much persuasion said that they, to his knowledge, never had any direct or I 
indirect connection with the Communist Party* 




The hearing was adjourned at 1*05 P» M* until further notice* 



121-13947 
JJCrJIF 



(\ ■' 



Office Mem\ !p $mn ' • united §MX government 



fr 



;/ TO ' : MR; *IJ. M. IADD 

FROM : A. H. BEIAKM >/ 

SUBJECT: SENATOR IE OARTHT'S CHARGES 

AGAINST THB^STATE DEPARTMENT 



DATE: 



June 29, 19^0 



Clogg. 
ola 




Roasn 



Tracy_ 
Harbo 



Ifcv Roach has been informed in confidence by various 
officials of the State Department that the hearing of Senator 
McCarthys charges against the State Department will be brought 
to a conclusion by Senator Tydings on or about July 1$* The 
present plan is that Senator Tydings will take the floor of - ■— 
the Senate in a four^hour speech outlining the charges of McCarthy 
giving a summary of the results of the hearing, followed by 
recommendations* The recommendations, which Senator Tydings will 
allegedly make, will be in the form of a ^whitewash 11 of the State 
Department and the charges placed against it by Senator McCarthy* 



Tele. Room 



Nease 



Qandy 



ACTION 



None* This memorandum is prepared for your information* 



RRfUlae 



u 



REG 







JUL „ % ' 



V- 








Director 



.Mr. 
.Mr. 
.Mr. 
.Mr. 

.Mr. 
.Mr. 
.Mr. 
.Mr. 
.Mr. 
Miss 



Tolson 
Clegg 
Glavin 
Harbo 
Nichols 
Rosen 
Tracy 
Q . Tamm 
Mohr 
Gandy 



Mr. Nease 



.Mr. Pennington 

Mr. Wx n t err owd 

.Mr. J. A. Carlson 

.Mr. Hargett 



Mrs. Henley 
.Miss Jess 



_Mrs . Davidson 

-Chief Clerk's Off 
-Records Section 
-Personnel Files 
.Mechanical Sec. 
_Ident. Division 
-Technical La"b. 
-Reading Room 



t 



Mr. Belmont 

Mr . Laugh 3*ari Tolson - 

.Mr. Hennri v eW' add — 

.M I Mr - "-w- 

M t 



"in 



'•? 



Mr. Baumgardner 
.Mr . Keay , 
.Mr. Stanley 

.M " 

M 



. I 



)i ivir. i-uiJi 



ieit,'. iioojii 



_ ,||air. Wees© 

.Mr. Ferris. 



)i Miss Gandy — 



Foreign Se rvice D esk „ 

Mr . Call aiU-- =■■— " —^ 



See Me 
Call Me 

Appropriate action 
.Note & return 
Send file 
.Bring up-to-date 
.Correct 
.Re-date 

Please initial & return 
.Place on record & return 
.Place on record 
.Per conversation 
Advise status 




D. M. Ladd - Rm. 5736 
Telephone Ext. 555